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Chloroacetyl chloride

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Chloroacetyl chloride Basic information
Chloroacetyl chloride Chemical Properties
  • Melting point:−22 °C(lit.)
  • Boiling point:105-106 °C(lit.)
  • Density 1.419 g/mL at 20 °C
  • vapor density 3.9 (vs air)
  • vapor pressure 60 mm Hg ( 41.5 °C)
  • refractive index n20/D 1.453(lit.)
  • Flash point:>100°C
  • storage temp. Store at RT.
  • solubility Miscible with ethyl ether, acetone, benzene and carbon tetrachloride.
  • form Liquid
  • color Clear colorless to slightly yellow
  • Water Solubility reacts
  • FreezingPoint -22.5℃
  • Sensitive Moisture Sensitive
  • Merck 14,2067
  • BRN 605439
  • Stability:Stable. Incompatible with strong bases, alcohols, strong oxidizing agents. May react violently on exposure to water or moisture.
  • CAS DataBase Reference79-04-9(CAS DataBase Reference)
  • NIST Chemistry ReferenceAcetyl chloride, chloro-(79-04-9)
  • EPA Substance Registry SystemChloroacetyl chloride (79-04-9)
Safety Information
Chloroacetyl chloride Usage And Synthesis
  • Chemical PropertiesClear colorless liquid
  • Chemical PropertiesChloroacetyl chloride is a colorless to yellowish liquid with a very pungent, extremely irritating, odor.
  • UsesIn the synthesis of organic compounds.
  • UsesIntermediate in manufacture of chloroacetophenone and various other chemicals
  • DefinitionA lachrymator.
  • General DescriptionA colorless to light yellow liquid with a very pungent odor. Very toxic by inhalation. Corrosive to metals and tissue.
  • Reactivity ProfileChloroacetyl chloride reacts rapidly with water. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, alcohols, bases (including amines). May react vigorously or explosively if mixed with diisopropyl ether or other ethers in the presence of trace amounts of metal salts [J. Haz. Mat., 1981, 4, 291].
  • HazardIrritant to eyes, corrosive to skin. Upper respiratory tract irritant.
  • Health HazardInhalation causes severe irritation of upper respiratory system. External contact causes severe irritation of eyes and skin. Ingestion causes severe irritation of mouth and stomach.
  • Safety ProfilePoison by ingestion and intravenous routes. Mildly toxic by inhalation. Corrosive. A lachrymator. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of Cl-.
  • Potential ExposureHighly toxic by inhalation. Chloroacetyl chloride is used in the manufacture of acetophenone. It is used in the manufacture of a number of pesticides including: alachlor, allidochlor, butachlor, dimethachlor, formothion, mecarbam, metolachlor, propachlor. It is also used in the manufacture of pharmaceuticals, such as chlordiazepoxide hydrochloride, diazepam, lidocaine, mianserin.
  • CarcinogenicityChloroacetyl chloride was not genotoxic in a number of assays.
  • ShippingUN1752 Chloroacetyl chloride, Hazard class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poison Inhalation Hazard, 8-Corrosive material, Inhalation Hazard Zone B.
  • IncompatibilitiesReacts violently with water, steamforming chloroacetic acid and hydrogen chloride gas. Reacts with alcohols, powdered metals; sodium amide; combustibles; and many organics, causing toxic fumes, fire, and explosion hazard. On contact with air it emits corrosive gas. Decomposes when heated forming phosgene gas. Corrosive to metals.
  • Waste DisposalIt may be discharged into sodium bicarbonate solution, then flushed to the sewer with water.
Chloroacetyl chloride Preparation Products And Raw materials
Chloroacetyl chloride(79-04-9)Related Product Information
Chloroacetyl chlorideSupplierMore
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