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Chloroacetyl chloride

Chloroacetyl chloride Structure
Chloroacetyl chloride
  • CAS No.79-04-9
  • Chemical Name:Chloroacetyl chloride
  • Synonyms:CH2ClCOCl;chloracetyl;chloroacetyl;AKOS BBS-00004327;Chloracetylchlorid;CHLORACETYL CHLORIDE;chloroaceticchloride;chloro-acetylchlorid;1,2-Dichloroethanone;CHLOROACETYL CHLORIDE
  • CBNumber:CB6202877
  • Molecular Formula:C2H2Cl2O
  • Formula Weight:112.94
  • MOL File:79-04-9.mol
Chloroacetyl chloride Property
  • Melting point: :−22 °C(lit.)
  • Boiling point: :105-106 °C(lit.)
  • Density  :1.419 g/mL at 20 °C
  • vapor density  :3.9 (vs air)
  • vapor pressure  :60 mm Hg ( 41.5 °C)
  • refractive index  :n20/D 1.453(lit.)
  • Flash point: :>100°C
  • storage temp.  :Store at RT.
  • solubility  :Miscible with ethyl ether, acetone, benzene and carbon tetrachloride.
  • form  :Liquid
  • color  :Clear colorless to slightly yellow
  • Water Solubility  :reacts
  • FreezingPoint  :-22.5℃
  • Sensitive  :Moisture Sensitive
  • Merck  :14,2067
  • BRN  :605439
  • Stability: :Stable. Incompatible with strong bases, alcohols, strong oxidizing agents. May react violently on exposure to water or moisture.
  • CAS DataBase Reference :79-04-9(CAS DataBase Reference)
  • NIST Chemistry Reference :Acetyl chloride, chloro-(79-04-9)
  • EPA Substance Registry System :Acetyl chloride, chloro-(79-04-9)
Safety
Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)
  • Symbol(GHS)
  • Signal word
  • Hazard statements
  • H301:Toxic if swalloed
  • H311:Toxic in contact with skin
  • H314:Causes severe skin burns and eye damage
  • H331:Toxic if inhaled
  • H372:Causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure
  • H400:Very toxic to aquatic life
  • Precautionary statements
  • P303+P361+P353:IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off Immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse SKIN with water/shower.
  • P305+P351+P338:IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continuerinsing.
  • P405:Store locked up.
NFPA 704
Diamond
0
3 1
Value
Health
Hazard
3
Description
Short exposure could cause serious temporary or moderate residual injury (e.g. liquid hydrogen, sulfuric acid, calcium hypochlorite, hexafluorosilicic acid)
Value
Flammability
Hazard
0
Description
Materials that will not burn under typical fire conditions, including intrinsically noncombustible materials such as concrete, stone, and sand. Materials that will not burn in air when exposed to a temperature of 820 °C (1,500 °F) for a period of 5 minutes.(e.g. Carbon tetrachloride)
Value
Instability
Hazard
1
Description
Normally stable, but can become unstable at elevated temperatures and pressures (e.g. propene)
Value
Special
Hazard
Description
Chloroacetyl chloride Price More Price(3)
  • Brand: Alfa Aesar
  • Product number: A15846
  • Product name : Chloroacetyl chloride, 98%
  • Purity: 
  • Packaging: 25ml
  • Price: $14.3
  • Updated: 2018/11/13
  • Buy: Buy
  • Brand: Alfa Aesar
  • Product number: A15846
  • Product name : Chloroacetyl chloride, 98%
  • Purity: 
  • Packaging: 250ml
  • Price: $35.9
  • Updated: 2018/11/13
  • Buy: Buy
  • Brand: Alfa Aesar
  • Product number: A15846
  • Product name : Chloroacetyl chloride, 98%
  • Purity: 
  • Packaging: 500ml
  • Price: $66.9
  • Updated: 2018/11/13
  • Buy: Buy

Chloroacetyl chloride Chemical Properties,Usage,Production

  • Chemical Properties Clear colorless liquid
  • Chemical Properties Chloroacetyl chloride is a colorless to yellowish liquid with a very pungent, extremely irritating, odor.
  • Uses In the synthesis of organic compounds.
  • Definition A lachrymator.
  • General Description A colorless to light yellow liquid with a very pungent odor. Very toxic by inhalation. Corrosive to metals and tissue.
  • Reactivity Profile Chloroacetyl chloride reacts rapidly with water. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, alcohols, bases (including amines). May react vigorously or explosively if mixed with diisopropyl ether or other ethers in the presence of trace amounts of metal salts [J. Haz. Mat., 1981, 4, 291].
  • Hazard Irritant to eyes, corrosive to skin. Upper respiratory tract irritant.
  • Health Hazard Inhalation causes severe irritation of upper respiratory system. External contact causes severe irritation of eyes and skin. Ingestion causes severe irritation of mouth and stomach.
  • Safety Profile Poison by ingestion and intravenous routes. Mildly toxic by inhalation. Corrosive. A lachrymator. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of Cl-.
  • Potential Exposure Highly toxic by inhalation. Chloroacetyl chloride is used in the manufacture of acetophenone. It is used in the manufacture of a number of pesticides including: alachlor, allidochlor, butachlor, dimethachlor, formothion, mecarbam, metolachlor, propachlor. It is also used in the manufacture of pharmaceuticals, such as chlordiazepoxide hydrochloride, diazepam, lidocaine, mianserin.
  • Shipping UN1752 Chloroacetyl chloride, Hazard class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poison Inhalation Hazard, 8-Corrosive material, Inhalation Hazard Zone B.
  • Incompatibilities Reacts violently with water, steamforming chloroacetic acid and hydrogen chloride gas. Reacts with alcohols, powdered metals; sodium amide; combustibles; and many organics, causing toxic fumes, fire, and explosion hazard. On contact with air it emits corrosive gas. Decomposes when heated forming phosgene gas. Corrosive to metals.
  • Waste Disposal It may be discharged into sodium bicarbonate solution, then flushed to the sewer with water.
Chloroacetyl chloride Preparation Products And Raw materials
Raw materials
Preparation Products
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  • 79-04-9
  • 1979/4/9
  • 74-04-9
  • 79-40-9
  • 28954
  • 1979-4-9
  • 28-95-4
  • 1979-04-9
  • ClCH2COCl
  • C2H2OCl2
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