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Name Lithium chloride
CAS 7447-41-8
EINECS(EC#) 231-212-3
Molecular Formula ClLi
MDL Number MFCD00064606
Molecular Weight 42.39
MOL File 7447-41-8.mol

Chemical Properties

Appearance White powder
Melting point  605 °C (lit.)
Boiling point  1383 °C/1 atm (lit.)
density  2.06
vapor pressure  1.33 hPa (547 °C)
refractive index  n20/D 1.381
Fp  -4 °F
storage temp.  2-8°C
solubility  H2O: soluble
form  beads
pka 2.256[at 20 ℃]
color  White to gray
Specific Gravity 2.068
Odor Odorless
PH 5.5-7.5 (25℃, 50mg/mL in H2O)
PH Range 6
Stability: Stable. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, strong acids, bromine trichloride, bromine trifluoride. Very hygroscopic. Protect from moisture.
Water Solubility  832 g/L (20 ºC)
Sensitive  Hygroscopic
λmax λ: 260 nm Amax: 0.01
λ: 280 nm Amax: 0.01
Merck  14,5528
LogP -1
CAS DataBase Reference 7447-41-8(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference Lithium chloride(7447-41-8)
EPA Substance Registry System 7447-41-8(EPA Substance)

Safety Data

Hazard Codes  F,Xn,C,Xi
Risk Statements 
R11:Highly Flammable.
R36/38:Irritating to eyes and skin .
R22:Harmful if swallowed.
R36/37/38:Irritating to eyes, respiratory system and skin .
R35:Causes severe burns.
R36/37:Irritating to eyes and respiratory system .
R19:May form explosive peroxides.
R63:Possible risk of harm to the unborn child.
R20/21/22:Harmful by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed .
Safety Statements 
S26:In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice .
S37/39:Wear suitable gloves and eye/face protection .
S36/37/39:Wear suitable protective clothing, gloves and eye/face protection .
S16:Keep away from sources of ignition-No smoking .
S36:Wear suitable protective clothing .
S45:In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek medical advice immediately (show label where possible) .
S33:Take precautionary measures against static discharges .
S29:Do not empty into drains .
S22:Do not breathe dust .
WGK Germany  1
RTECS  OJ5950000
HS Code  28273980
Safety Profile
Human poison by ingestion. Experimental poison by intravenous and intracerebral routes. Moderately toxic by subcutaneous and intraperitoneal routes. Experimental teratogenic and reproductive effects. Human systemic effects by ingestion: somnolence, tremors, nausea or vomiting. An eye and severe skin irritant. Human mutation data reported. Questionable carcinogen with experimental neoplastigenic data. This material has been recommended and used as a substitute for sodwm chloride in "saltfree" diets, but cases have been reported in which the ingestion of lithium chloride has produced dminess, ringing in the ears, visual disturbances, tremors, and mental confusion. In most cases, the symptoms disappeared when use was discontinued. Prolonged absorption may cause disturbed electrolyte balance, impaired renal function. Reaction is violent with BrF3. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of Cl-. Used for dehumidification in the air conditioning industry. Also used to obtain lithum metal. See also LITHIUM COMPOUNDS.
Hazardous Substances Data 7447-41-8(Hazardous Substances Data)
LD50 in mice (mg/kg): 990 i.p.; in rats (mg/kg): 600 i.p., 4.8 i.v. (Wielosz).

Hazard Information

Material Safety Data Sheet(MSDS)