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VANADIUM(III) CHLORIDE

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VANADIUM(III) CHLORIDE Basic information
VANADIUM(III) CHLORIDE Chemical Properties
  • Melting point:250 °C
  • Density 3 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
  • storage temp. no restrictions.
  • solubility Soluble in tetrahydrofuran, alcohol, ether and hydrocarbons.
  • form Powder
  • Specific Gravity3.
  • color Dark blue to violet to black
  • Water Solubility decomposes in H2O; soluble alcohol, ether [HAW93]
  • Sensitive Moisture Sensitive
  • CAS DataBase Reference7718-98-1(CAS DataBase Reference)
  • EPA Substance Registry SystemVanadium chloride (VCl3) (7718-98-1)
Safety Information
  • Hazard Codes C
  • Risk Statements 22-34
  • Safety Statements 26-27-28-36/39-45
  • RIDADR UN 2475 8/PG 3
  • WGK Germany 3
  • RTECS YW2800000
  • 3-10
  • TSCA Yes
  • HazardClass 8
  • PackingGroup III
  • HS Code 28273990
  • ToxicityLD50 orally in Rabbit: 350 mg/kg
MSDS
VANADIUM(III) CHLORIDE Usage And Synthesis
  • Chemical PropertiesPink, deliquescent crystals. Decomposes on heating. Soluble in absolute alcohol and ether; decomposes in water.
  • UsesPreparation of vanadium dichloride and organovanadium compounds.
  • Air & Water ReactionsDeliquescent. Generates acid mists when exposed to moist air. Dissolves in water with formation of an acidic solution and generation of acidic fumes.
  • Reactivity ProfileVANADIUM(III) CHLORIDE attacks many organic compounds. Can catalyze organic reactions. Aqueous solutions react as acids to neutralize bases. These neutralizations generate heat, but less than is generated by neutralization of inorganic acids, inorganic oxoacids, and carboxylic acid. Combination of the trichloride with methylmagnesium iodide, or other Grignard type reagents, can be violently explosive under a variety of conditions, Chem. Rev., 1955, 55, 560.
  • Health HazardTOXIC; inhalation, ingestion or contact (skin, eyes) with vapors, dusts or substance may cause severe injury, burns or death. Reaction with water or moist air will release toxic, corrosive or flammable gases. Reaction with water may generate much heat that will increase the concentration of fumes in the air. Fire will produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may be corrosive and/or toxic and cause pollution.
  • Fire HazardNon-combustible, substance itself does not burn but may decompose upon heating to produce corrosive and/or toxic fumes. Vapors may accumulate in confined areas (basement, tanks, hopper/tank cars etc.). Substance will react with water (some violently), releasing corrosive and/or toxic gases and runoff. Contact with metals may evolve flammable hydrogen gas. Containers may explode when heated or if contaminated with water.
  • Safety ProfilePoison by ingestion and subcutaneous routes. A corrosive irritant to skin, eyes, and mucous membranes. Extremely violent reaction with methyl magnesium iodide and other Grignard reagents. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of VOx and Cl-. See also VANADIUM COMPOUNDS and HYDROCHLORIC ACID.
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