Ammoniumchlorid Produkt Beschreibung

Ammonium chloride  Struktur
12125-02-9
  • CAS-Nr.12125-02-9
  • Bezeichnung:Ammoniumchlorid
  • Englisch Name:Ammonium chloride
  • Synonyma:Ammoniumchlorid;Salmiak;Chlorammonium
    NH4CL;SALMIAC;Amchlor;Darammon;Ammoneric;ai3-08937;ammonchlor;salammonia;SAL AMMONIA;Salammonite
  • CBNumber:CB7129971
  • Summenformel:ClH4N
  • Molgewicht:53.49146
  • MOL-Datei:12125-02-9.mol
Ammoniumchlorid physikalisch-chemischer Eigenschaften
  • Schmelzpunkt: :340 °C (subl.)(lit.)
  • Siedepunkt: :100 °C750 mm Hg
  • Dichte :1.52
  • Dampfdichte :1.9 (vs air)
  • Dampfdruck :1 mm Hg ( 160.4 °C)
  • Brechungsindex :1.642
  • FEMA  :4494 | AMMONIA (ALSO INCLUDES AMMONIUM CHLORIDE)
  • storage temp.  :Store at RT.
  • Löslichkeit :H2O: 1 M at 20 °C, clear, colorless
  • Aggregatzustand :Solid
  • Wichte :1.53
  • Farbe :White
  • PH :4.7 (200g/l, H2O, 25℃)(External MSDS)
  • Wasserlöslichkeit :soluble
  • Sensitive  :Hygroscopic
  • maximale Wellenlänge (λmax) :λ: 260 nm Amax: ≤0.021
    λ: 280 nm Amax: ≤0.019
  • Merck  :14,509
  • BRN  :4371014
  • Stabilität: :Stable. Incompatible with strong acids, strong bases.
  • CAS Datenbank :12125-02-9(CAS DataBase Reference)
  • NIST chemische Informationen :Ammonium chloride(12125-02-9)
  • EPA chemische Informationen :Ammonium chloride ((NH4)Cl)(12125-02-9)
Sicherheit
  • Kennzeichnung gefährlicher :Xn
  • R-Sätze: :22-36-41-37/38
  • S-Sätze: :22-36-26
  • RIDADR  :UN 3077 9 / PGIII
  • WGK Germany  :1
  • RTECS-Nr. :BP4550000
  • Selbstentzündungstemperatur :>400 °C
  • TSCA  :Yes
  • HazardClass  :9
  • PackingGroup  :III
  • HS Code  :28271000
  • Giftige Stoffe Daten :12125-02-9(Hazardous Substances Data)
  • Toxizität :LD50 in rats (mg/kg): 30 i.m. (Boyd, Seymour); LD50 in rats (mg/kg): 1650 orally (Smeets)

Ammonium chloride Chemische Eigenschaften,Einsatz,Produktion Methoden

  • ERSCHEINUNGSBILD GERUCHLOSER FARBLOSER BIS WEISSER, HYGROSKOPISCHER FESTSTOFF IN VERSCHIEDENEN FORMEN.
  • CHEMISCHE GEFAHREN Zersetzung beim Erhitzen unter Bildung giftiger und reizender Rauche (Stickstoffoxide, Ammoniak und Chlorwasserstoff). Schwache Säure in wässriger Lösung. Reagiert sehr heftig mit Ammoniumnitrat und Kaliumchlorat unter Feuer- und Explosionsgefahr. Greift Kupfer und seine Verbindungen an.
  • ARBEITSPLATZGRENZWERTE TLV: (als Ammoniumchlorid-Rauch) 10 mg/m?(als TWA); 20 mg/m?(als STEL); (ACGIH 2005).
    MAK nicht festgelegt (DFG 2005).
  • AUFNAHMEWEGE Aufnahme in den Körper durch Inhalation des Staubes oder Rauches und durch Verschlucken.
  • INHALATIONSGEFAHREN Verdampfen bei 20°C vernachlässigbar; eine belästigende Partikelkonzentration in der Luft kann jedoch schnell erreicht werden.
  • WIRKUNGEN BEI KURZZEITEXPOSITION WIRKUNGEN BEI KURZZEITEXPOSITION:
    Die Substanz reizt die Augen, die Haut und die Atemwege.
  • LECKAGE Verschüttetes Material in Behältern sammeln; falls erforderlich durch Anfeuchten Staubentwicklung verhindern. Reste mit viel Wasser wegspülen. Persönliche Schutzausrüstung: Atemschutzgerät, P2-Filter für schädliche Partikel.
  • R-Sätze Betriebsanweisung: R22:Gesundheitsschädlich beim Verschlucken.
    R36:Reizt die Augen.
    R41:Gefahr ernster Augenschäden.
    R37/38:Reizt die Atmungsorgane und die Haut.
  • S-Sätze Betriebsanweisung: S22:Staub nicht einatmen.
    S36:DE: Bei der Arbeit geeignete Schutzkleidung tragen.
    S26:Bei Berührung mit den Augen sofort gründlich mit Wasser abspülen und Arzt konsultieren.
  • Chemische Eigenschaften Ammonium chloride,Nl4CI, also known as ammoniae, salmiai,and ammonium nituriate,is a white crystalline solid. It is soluble in water, aqueous solutionsof ammonia, and is slightly soluble in methyl alcohol. Ammonium chloride is found in natureas a sublimation productof volcanic activity, or is produced by neutralizing HCI(either in liquid or gaseousphase) with NH3 gas or liquid NH40H then evaporating the excess H20. The salt decomposes at350°C and sublimes under controlled conditions at 520 °C. Ammoniumchlorideis used as an electrolyte in dry cell batteries,as a fluxfor soldering, tinningandgalvanizing, andas a processing ingredientin textile printing and hide tanning. Use as a source of nitrogen for fertilizersis limited because of the possible build up of damaging chloride residuals in the soil.
  • Chemische Eigenschaften Ammonium chloride occurs as colorless, odorless crystals or crystal masses. It is a white, granular powder with a cooling, saline taste. It is hygroscopic and has a tendency to cake.
  • Verwenden ammonium chloride is used as a thickener and as an additive in non-alcoholic toners. According to cosmetic formulators, the ammonium component provides the tingling or stinging sensation that some people associate with toners or aftershaves, and which, in regular toners, is usually provided by the alcohol content. Ammonium chloride’s use is the result of preference in formulation feel.
  • Verwenden Ammonium Chloride is a dough conditioner and yeast food that exists as colorless crystals or white crystalline powder. approximately 30–38 g dissolves in water at 25°c. the ph of a 1% solution at 25°c is 5.2. it is used as a dough strengthener and flavor enhancer in baked goods and as a nitrogen source for yeast fermentation. it is also used in condiments and relishes. another term for the salt is ammonium muriate.
  • Verwenden White crystals made by ammonia salts acting upon hydrochloric acid followed by crystallization. Ammonium chloride is also known as sal ammoniac. Soluble in water and alcohol, ammonium chloride was used as a halide in many processes, including the salted paper, albumen paper, albumen opaltype, and gelatin emulsion processes.
  • Definition ChEBI: An inorganic chloride having ammonium as the counterion.
  • Vorbereitung Methode Ammonium chloride is prepared commercially by reacting ammonia with hydrochloric acid.
  • Definition sal ammoniac: A white or colourless cubicsolid, NH4Cl; r.d. 1.53; sublimes at340°C. It is very soluble in water andslightly soluble in ethanol but insolublein ether. It may be prepared byfractional crystallization from a solutioncontaining ammonium sulphateand sodium chloride or ammoniumcarbonate and calcium chloride. Puresamples may be made directly by thegas-phase reaction of ammonia andhydrogen chloride. Because of itsease of preparation it can be manufacturedindustrially alongside anyplant that uses or produces ammonia.The compound is used in drycells, metal finishing, and in thepreparation of cotton for dyeing andprinting.
  • Allgemeine Beschreibung Ammonium chloride is a white crystalline solid. Ammonium chloride is soluble in water(37%). The primary hazard is the threat posed to the environment. Immediate steps should be taken to limit its spread to the environment. Ammonium chloride is used to make other ammonium compounds, as a soldering flux, as a fertilizer, and for many other uses.
  • Air & Water Reaktionen Soluble in water. Slowly releases hydrogen chloride [USCG, 1999].
  • Reaktivität anzeigen Acidic salts, such as Ammonium chloride , are generally soluble in water. The resulting solutions contain moderate concentrations of hydrogen ions and have pH's of less than 7.0. They react as acids to neutralize bases. These neutralizations generate heat, but less or far less than is generated by neutralization of inorganic acids, inorganic oxoacids, and carboxylic acid. They usually do not react as either oxidizing agents or reducing agents but such behavior is not impossible. Many of these compounds catalyze organic reactions.
  • Hazard Eye and upper respiratory tract irritant.
  • Health Hazard Inhalation of fumes irritates respiratory passages. Ingestion irritates mouth and stomach. Fumes are irritating to eyes. Contact with skin may cause irritation.
  • Landwirtschaftliche Anwendung Ammonium chloride, like all other ammonium salts, is used as a fertilizer. It contains 24 to 26% nitrogen and is available as white crystals or granules. A coarse form of this fertilizer is preferred to the powdered form for direct application. Its crystals are used in compound fertilizers.
    Ammonium chloride is a good source of nitrogen for cotton, rice, wheat, barley, maize, sorghum, sugar cane and fiber crops. It is easy to handle. In some cases, however, the material tends to become lumpy and difficult to spread.
    Ammonium chloride is used either directly for fertilization or in a variety of compound fertilizers, such as ammonium phosphate chloride or ammonium potassium chloride or in combination with urea or ammonium sulphate.
    As a fertilizer, ammonium chloride has an advantage in that it contains 26% nitrogen, which is higher than that found in ammonium sulphate (20.5%). In terms of per unit cost of nitrogen, ammonium chloride is relatively cheaper than ammonium sulphate and has some agronomic advantages for rice. Nitrification of ammonium chloride is less rapid than that of urea or ammonium sulphate. Therefore, nitrogen losses are lower and yields, higher.
    However, ammonium chloride is a highly acid forming fertilizer and the amount of calcium carbonate required to neutralize the acidity is more than the fertilizer itself, Further, it has a lower nitrogen content and a higher chloride content compared to urea and ammonium nitrate, making it harmful to some plants.
    Several methods are used to produce ammonium chloride. The most important is the dual-salt process (modified Solvay process) wherein ammonium chloride and sodium carbonate are produced simultaneously using common salt and anhydrous ammonia as the principal starting materials. When ammonium chloride is mixed with phosphatic and potassic fertilizers, a large amount of soil calcium is lost as its conversion into soluble calcium chloride causes it to leach out easily.
    Like ammonium sulphate, ammonium chloride can be applied to wet land crops. In terms of the agronomic suitability, it is generally rated as equal to other straight nitrogenous fertilizers.
    Ammonium chloride is, however, not ideal for grapes, chilies, potatoes and tobacco as the added chlorine affects the quality and storability of these crops.
    Industrial uses of ammonium chloride are in dry-battery manufacture and as a flux for soldering and brazing.
  • Pharmazeutische Anwendungen Ammonium chloride is used as an acidifying agent in oral formulations. It is also used as a food additive and antiseptic agent.
    Ammonium chloride is used in the treatment of severe metabolic alkalosis to maintain the urine at an acid pH in the treatment of some urinary tract disorders or in forced acid diuresis. It is also used as an expectorant in cough medicines.
  • Sicherheit(Safety) Ammonium chloride is used in oral pharmaceutical formulations. The pure form of ammonium chloride is toxic by SC, IV, and IM routes, and moderately toxic by other routes. Potential symptoms of overexposure to fumes are irritation of eyes, skin, respiratory system: cough, dyspnea, and pulmonary sensitization. Ammonium salts are an irritant to the gastric mucosa and may induce nausea and vomiting.
    LD50 (mouse, IP): 1.44 g/kg
    LD50 (mouse, oral): 1.3 g/kg
    LD50 (rat, IM): 0.03 g/kg
    LD50 (rat, oral): 1.65 g/kg
  • mögliche Exposition Ammonium chloride is used as an industrial chemical, pharmaceutical, and veterinary drug; to make dry batteries; in galvanizing; as a soldering flux.
  • Veterinary Drugs and Treatments The veterinary indications for ammonium chloride are as a urinary acidifying agent to help prevent and dissolve certain types of uroliths (e.g., struvite), to enhance renal excretion of some types of toxins (e.g., strontium, strychnine) or drugs (e.g., quinidine), or to enhance the efficacy of certain antimicrobials (e.g., chlortetracycline, methenamine mandelate, nitrofurantoin, oxytetracycline, penicillin G or tetracycline) when treating urinary tract infections. Ammonium chloride has also been used intravenously for the rapid correction of metabolic alkalosis.
    Because of changes in feline diets to restrict struvite and as struvite therapeutic diets (e.g., s/d) cause aciduria, ammonium chloride is not commonly recommended for struvite uroliths in cats.
  • Lager Ammonium chloride is chemically stable. It decomposes completely at 3388℃ to form ammonia and hydrochloric acid. Store in airtight containers in a cool, dry place.
  • Versand/Shipping UN3077 Environmentally hazardous substances, solid, n.o.s., Hazard class: 9; Labels: 9-Miscellaneous hazardous material, Technical Name Required.
  • läuterung methode Crystallise it several times from conductivity water (1.5mL/g) between 90o and 0o. It sublimes. After one crystallisation, ACS grade has: metal(ppm) As (1.2), K (1), Sb (7.2), V (10.2). [Becher in Handbook of Preparative Inorganic Chemistry (Ed. Brauer) Academic Press Vol I p 812 1963.]
  • Inkompatibilitäten Ammonium chloride is incompatible with strong acids and strong bases. It reacts violently with ammonium nitrate and potassium chlorate, causing fire and explosion hazards. It also attacks copper and its compounds.
  • Waste disposal Pretreatment involves addition of sodium hydroxide to liberate ammonia and form the soluble sodium salt. The liberated ammonia can be recovered and sold. After dilution to the permitted provisional limit, the sodium salt can be discharged into a stream or sewer.
  • Regulatory Status GRAS listed. Included in the FDA Inactive Ingredients Database (oral syrup, tablets). Accepted for use as a food additive in Europe. Included in medicines licensed in the UK (eye drops; oral syrup).
Ammonium chloride Upstream-Materialien And Downstream Produkte
Upstream-Materialien
Downstream Produkte
Ammoniumchlorid Anbieter Lieferant Produzent Hersteller Vertrieb Händler.
Global(460)Suppliers
  • Firmenname:Hangzhou Bayee Chemical Co., Ltd.
  • Telefon:0086-571-86990109; 0086-18605816692
  • Fax:0086-571-85775919
  • E-Mail:rachelhoo@bayeechem.com
  • Land:China
  • Produktkatalog:98
  • Edge Rate:55
  • Firmenname:Henan Tianfu Chemical Co.,Ltd.
  • Telefon:0371-55170693
  • Fax:0371-55170693
  • E-Mail:info@tianfuchem.com
  • Land:CHINA
  • Produktkatalog:20672
  • Edge Rate:55
  • Firmenname:Mainchem Co., Ltd.
  • Telefon:+86-0592-6210733
  • Fax:+86-0592-6210733
  • E-Mail:sales@mainchem.com
  • Land:CHINA
  • Produktkatalog:32447
  • Edge Rate:55
  • Firmenname:Shanghai Yingrui Biopharma Co., Ltd.
  • Telefon:+86-21-33585366 E-mail:sales03@shyrchem.com
  • Fax:+86-21-34979012
  • E-Mail:sales03@shyrchem.com
  • Land:CHINA
  • Produktkatalog:661
  • Edge Rate:60
  • Firmenname:Hefei TNJ Chemical Industry Co.,Ltd.
  • Telefon:86-0551-65418684 18949823763
  • Fax:86-0551-65418684
  • E-Mail:info@tnjchem.com
  • Land:China
  • Produktkatalog:1861
  • Edge Rate:55
  • Firmenname:City Chemical LLC
  • Telefon:2039322489
  • Fax:203.937.8400
  • E-Mail:sales@citychemical.com
  • Land:United States
  • Produktkatalog:98
  • Edge Rate:58
  • Firmenname:Chemwill Asia Co.,Ltd.
  • Telefon:86-21-51086038
  • Fax:86-21-51861608
  • E-Mail:chemwill_asia@126.com;sales@chemwill.com;chemwill@hotmail.com;chemwill@gmail.com
  • Land:CHINA
  • Produktkatalog:23980
  • Edge Rate:58
  • Firmenname:Hubei Jusheng Technology Co.,Ltd.
  • Telefon:86-18871470254
  • Fax:027-59599243
  • E-Mail:sales@jushengtech.com
  • Land:CHINA
  • Produktkatalog:28236
  • Edge Rate:58
12125-02-9, Ammonium chloride Verwandte Suche:
  • AMMONIUM CHLORIDE, REAGENT (ACS)AMMONIUM CHLORIDE, REAGENT (ACS)AMMONIUM CHLORIDE, REAGENT (ACS)
  • ammonchlor
  • Ammoneric
  • Ammonium chloride ((NH4)Cl)
  • Ammonium chloride fume
  • Ammonium uriate
  • ammoniumchloratum
  • Ammoniumchlorid
  • ammoniumchloride((nh4)cl)
  • ammoniumchloridefume
  • ammoniumchlorideinjection
  • ammoniumchloridetablets
  • SAL AMMONIA
  • salammonia
  • salammoniate
  • Salammonite
  • AMMONIUM STANDARD SOLUTION
  • ACTIVITY STANDARD FOR AMMONIA ELECTRODE
  • FILLING SOLUTION FOR AMMONIA ELECTRODE
  • FILLING SOLUTION FOR SODIUM ELECTRODE
  • Ammonium chloride Salmiac
  • AMMONIUM CHLORIDE CHEMICAL PURE
  • AMMONIUM CHLORIDE BATTERY GRADE
  • AMMONIUM CHLORIDE MIN. 99.5%
  • ammonia chloride
  • AMMONIUM ION STANDARD SOLUTION FLUKA, FO R ISE, 0.1 M
  • AMMONIUM, VOLUMETRIC STANDARD, SOLUTION IN WATER
  • AMMONIUM CHLORIDE USP
  • AMMONIUM CHLORIDE R. G., REAG. ACS, REAG . ISO, REAG. PH. EUR.
  • AMMONIUM CHLORIDE SOLUTION SATURATED T
  • AMMONIUM CHLORIDE, 99.998%
  • Ammonium Ion Chromatography Standard Solution Fluka
  • AMMONIUM CHLORIDE 99.5+% A.C.S. REAGE&
  • AMMONIUM ION STANDARD SOLUTION FLUKA, FO R ISE, 0.01 M
  • Dieldrin, Pestanal
  • ACTIVITY STANDARD SOLUTION FOR AMMONIA &
  • AMMONIUM ION STANDARD SOLUTION FLUKA, FO R ISE
  • AMMONIUM CHLORIDE, 99.5+%, A.C.S. REAGEN T
  • AMMONIUM CHLORIDE, REAGENTPLUS TM, >= 99.5%
  • AMMONIUM CHLORIDE SOLUTION 5M IN WATER*
  • AMMONIUM CHLORIDE, PH EUR
  • STICKSTOFF, VOLUMETRIE-STANDARD, LSG. IN
  • AMMONIUM CHLORIDE, FOR MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
  • AMMONIUM CHLORIDE, ACS
  • FILLING SOLUTION FOR SODIUM ELECTRODE (2 M NH4CL)
  • AMMONIUM CHLORIDE, 99.99%
  • AMMONIUM CHLORIDE, MOLECULAR BIOLOGYREAG ENT
  • AMMONIUM CHLORIDE CELL CULTURE TESTED
  • AmmoniumChloride,>99%
  • AmmoniumChlorideGr
  • AmmoniumChlorideBp
  • AmmoniumChlorideExtraPure
  • Ammonium chloride, 99.5% min
  • Ammonium chloride, Puratronic(R), 99.999% (metals basis)
  • Ammonium chloride, ACS, 99.5% min
  • AMMONIUM CHLORIDE extrapure AR
  • Ammonium Chloride, granular
  • Ammonium chloride, Puratronic, 99.999% (metals basis)