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Benzyl chloride Structure

Benzyl chloride

Chemical Properties

Melting point -39 °C
Boiling point 179 °C
Density  1.1 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
vapor density  4.36 (vs air)
vapor pressure  10.3 mm Hg ( 60 °C)
refractive index  n20/D 1.538(lit.)
Flash point 165 °F
storage temp.  Store below +30°C.
solubility  soluble0.46g/L at 30°C (Decomposes in contact with water)
form  Liquid
color  Clear colorless to slightly yellow
Odor Pungent, irritating.
explosive limit 1.1-14%(V)
Water Solubility  0.3 g/L (20 ºC)
Merck  14,1129
BRN  471308
Henry's Law Constant (x 10-4 atm?m3/mol): 3.57 at 20.00 °C (inert gas stripping, Hovorka and Dohnal, 1997)
Exposure limits TLV-TWA 1 ppm (~5mg/m3) (ACGIH, MSHA, and OSHA); IDLH 10 ppm (NIOSH); carcinogenicity: Animal Limited Evidence, Human Inadequate Evidence (IARC).
Stability Unstable - inhibitors such as propylene oxide or trimethylamine are usually added to prevent polymerization. Combustible. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, water, acids, most common metals, dimethyl sulfoxide. Above flash point vapour-air mixtures are explosive within the limits noted above. Contact with water produces toxic fumes.
LogP 2.3 at 20℃ and pH7
CAS DataBase Reference 100-44-7(CAS DataBase Reference)
EWG's Food Scores 3-8
Proposition 65 List Benzyl Chloride
NIST Chemistry Reference Benzyl chloride(100-44-7)
IARC 2A (Vol. 29, Sup 7, 71) 1999
EPA Substance Registry System Benzyl chloride (100-44-7)


Signal wordDanger
Hazard statements H302-H315-H317-H318-H331-H335-H350-H373
Precautionary statements P280-P301+P312-P302+P352-P304+P340+P311-P305+P351+P338-P308+P313
Hazard Codes  T,T+
Risk Statements  45-22-23-37/38-41-48/22-43-26-46
Safety Statements  53-45-36/37/39-28-26-36/37
RIDADR  UN 1738 6.1/PG 2
WGK Germany  3
RTECS  XS8925000
Autoignition Temperature 585 °C
HazardClass  6.1
PackingGroup  II
HS Code  29039990
Hazardous Substances Data 100-44-7(Hazardous Substances Data)
Toxicity LD50 orally in Rabbit: 440 mg/kg
IDLA 10 ppm
NFPA 704:
3 1

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