Basic information Physical Properties Uses Preparation Reactions Safety Related Supplier
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Aluminium chloride hexahydrate

Basic information Physical Properties Uses Preparation Reactions Safety Related Supplier
Aluminium chloride hexahydrate Basic information
Aluminium chloride hexahydrate Chemical Properties
  • Melting point:100°C (dec.)
  • Density 2.39
  • vapor pressure 1 mm Hg ( 100 °C)
  • storage temp. Store at +15°C to +25°C.
  • solubility water: soluble0.5g/10 mL, clear, colorless
  • form Solid
  • color White To Light Yellow
  • Specific Gravity2.398
  • OdorOdorless
  • PH2.5 (50g/l, H2O, 20℃)
  • PH Range2.5 - 3.5
  • Water Solubility 477 g/L (20 ºC)
  • Sensitive Moisture Sensitive
  • Merck 14,337
  • Stability:Stable, but may decompose upon exposure to moist air or water. Incompatible with acids.Note that decomposition of the anhydrous product, possibly caused by moisture leaking into the container or being trapped within it, may cause a pressure rise in a sealed container, potentially leading to explosive rupture.
  • CAS DataBase Reference7784-13-6(CAS DataBase Reference)
Safety Information
  • Hazard Codes Xi,C
  • Risk Statements 36/37/38-34-36/38-52
  • Safety Statements 26-45-36/37/39
  • RIDADR UN 3260 8/PG 3
  • WGK Germany 1
  • RTECS BD0530000
  • TSCA Yes
  • HazardClass 8
  • PackingGroup III
  • HS Code 28273200
  • ToxicityLD50 orally in Rabbit: 3311 mg/kg
MSDS
Aluminium chloride hexahydrate Usage And Synthesis
  • Physical PropertiesWhite or yellowish deliquescent powder; faint odor of HCl; density 2.40 g/cm3; soluble in water and polar organic solvents such as alcohol; aqueous solution acidic.
  • UsesThe Aluminium chloride hexahydrate is used in the preparation of deodorant and antiperspirant. Also, it is applied in textile finishing to improve the antistatic characteristics and flammability ratings of various textile materials. Commercially, it is sold as crystalline powder or as a 28% solution in water.
  • PreparationAluminum chloride hexahydrate is prepared by dissolving Al(OH)3 in conc. HCl and passing gaseous HCl through the solution at 0°C. The precipitate is washed with diethyl ether and dried. Alternatively, it is prepared by hydrolyzing anhydrous AlCl3 in cold dilute HCl.
  • ReactionsDecomposes to alumina when heated at 300°C;
    2AlCl3 •6H2O →2Al2O3 + 6HCl + 9H2O
    Reacts with caustic soda solution forming gelatinous precipitate of aluminum hydroxide (hydrous aluminum oxide); yields aluminum monobasic stearate, Al(OH)2[OOC(CH2)16CH3] when its solution is mixed with a solution of sodium stearate.
  • Chemical Propertieswhite to pale yellow crystalline solid
  • UsesThe anhydrous form suitable as an acid catalyst, especially in Friedel-Crafts type reactions; in cracking of petroleum; in manufacture of rubbers, lubricants. The hexahydrate form used in preserving wood; disinfecting stables, slaughterhouses, etc.; in deodorants and antiperspirant preparations; refining crude oil; dyeing fabrics; manufacture of parchment paper.
Aluminium chloride hexahydrate Preparation Products And Raw materials
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