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3-Chlorobenzoic acid

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3-Chlorobenzoic acid Basic information
3-Chlorobenzoic acid Chemical Properties
  • Melting point:153-157 °C (lit.)
  • Boiling point:274-276°C
  • Density 1.496
  • refractive index 1.5812 (estimate)
  • Flash point:150 °C
  • storage temp. Store below +30°C.
  • solubility 0.45g/l
  • form Crystalline Powder
  • pka3.82(at 25℃)
  • color White to beige
  • Water Solubility <0.1 g/100 mL at 19.5 ºC
  • Merck 14,2123
  • BRN 907218
  • Stability:Skin, eye and respiratory irritant.
  • CAS DataBase Reference535-80-8(CAS DataBase Reference)
  • NIST Chemistry ReferenceBenzoic acid, 3-chloro-(535-80-8)
  • EPA Substance Registry Systemm-Chlorobenzoic acid (535-80-8)
Safety Information
MSDS
3-Chlorobenzoic acid Usage And Synthesis
  • Chemical Propertieswhite to light yellow crystal powder
  • UsesA fundamental chemical building block commonly used in organic synthesis of more complex structures.
  • Synthesis Reference(s)Journal of the American Chemical Society, 76, p. 5755, 1954 DOI: 10.1021/ja01651a039
    Tetrahedron Letters, 25, p. 783, 1984
  • General DescriptionCrystals or fluffy white powder.
  • Air & Water ReactionsInsoluble in water.
  • Reactivity Profile3-Chlorobenzoic acid is incompatible with strong oxidizing agents.
  • Fire HazardFlash point data for 3-Chlorobenzoic acid are not available; however, 3-Chlorobenzoic acid is probably combustible.
  • Purification MethodsCrystallise the acid successively from glacial acetic acid, aqueous EtOH and pet ether (b 60-80o). It also recrystallises from *C6H6 or Et2O/hexane, and sublimes at 55o in a vacuum. [Anal Chem 26 726 1954] The methyl ester has m 21o, b 231o/760mm. The S-benzylisothiouronium salt has m 164-165o (from EtOH) [Friediger & Pedersen Acta Chem Scand 9 1425 1955, Samuel J Chem Soc 1318 1960]. [Beilstein 9 IV 969.]
3-Chlorobenzoic acid Preparation Products And Raw materials
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