ChemicalBook > Product Catalog > Inorganic chemistry > Inorganic salts > Metal halide and Halogen salt > Metal fluoride and salt > Fluoroboric acid
Basic information Outline Toxicity Chemical Properties Uses Production method Category Toxicity grading Flammability hazard characteristics Storage Characteristics Extinguishing agent Professional standards Safety Related Supplier
Fluoroboric acid Chemical Properties
- Melting point:-90°C
- Boiling point:130°C (dec.)
- Density 1.38 g/mL at 20 °C(lit.)
- vapor density 3 (vs air)
- vapor pressure 5 mmHg ( 20 °C)
- refractive index nD20 of a 20% aq soln 1.3284
- Flash point:−40 °F
- form Liquid
- color Light Yellow
- Water Solubility MISCIBLE
- Merck 14,4149
- Stability:Stable. Incompatible with strong bases, cyanides.
- CAS DataBase Reference16872-11-0(CAS DataBase Reference)
- EPA Substance Registry SystemFluoroboric acid (16872-11-0)
Fluoroboric acid Usage And Synthesis
- OutlineFluoroboric acid is also known as "hydrogen fluoroboric acid," "tetrafluoroborate boron-hydrogen acid." Chemical formula is HBF4. Molecular weight is 87.81. It is transparent colorless liquid, toxic, has a strong corrosion, it can not be stored in a glass container for a long time. Boiling point is 130 ℃, while it decomposes slowly. Dissolved in water and ethanol, thermal decomposition with water to generate oxygen fluorine boric acid and boron trioxide (may be concentrated to 30%), the solution was strongly acidic, it does not corrode glass at room temperature. Fluoroboric acid is a strong acid, only exists in solution, the common fluoroborate is potassium tetrafluoroborate.
Method: Can be prepared by the reaction of Concentrated hydrofluoric acid and boric acid.
Uses: used in light metal smelting and electroplating, etc. Even very dilute solution can also be used as fermentation inhibitors, also used for preparing diazonium salts, acetal catalyst, used as an agent for determination of sodium in the presence of magnesium and potassium ions. Aniline as raw materials in concentrated hydrochloric acid reacts with sodium nitrite to generate diazonium salt, then at a low temperature (-10 ℃), diazonium salt reacts with fluoroboric acid, final pyrolysis, can be prepared fluorophenyl.
The above information is edited by the chemicalbook of Yan Yanyong.
- ToxicityIt has a strong corrosive effect on the skin, mucous membrane, has a irritative effect on the eyes and respiratory system. Even diluted to be very thin, it can hinder fermentation. Maximum allowable concentration is 2.5 mg/m3. If accidentally splashed on the eyes or body, flush eyes with water, wash contaminated body parts thoroughly with soap and water. In severe cases, sent the patient to the hospital. The operator must wear masks, rubber gloves and wear overalls.
- Chemical PropertiesTransparent colorless liquid. miscible with water or alcohol.
- UsesUsed as acetaldehyde synthesis catalysts, the metal surface cleaning agents, lead electrolytic polishing agents, the diazonium salt stabilizer, etc.
Used as Diazonium salts stabilizer, but also for electrolysis industry, etc.
Used for cleaning metal surface oxide, silicate film and as a corrosive, for cleaning before aluminum and alloy electroplating. 2.5% solution is for electrolytic polishing of pure aluminum and used as rewashing lotion for removing flux and electroplating parts from the metal substrate, as a catalyst for alkylation and polymerization, preservatives, chemical reagents, as well as the starting materials for preparing various fluoborates.
Used to clean metal and alloy surfaces prior to plating.
Used for preparing stabilized diazonium salts, manufacturing acetal catalyzed, used as an agent for determination of sodium in the presence of potassium ions and magnesium ions, a catalyst in organic synthesis, but also used for the sponge titanium and its alloys-dissolution and the printed wiring board industry.
- Production methodHydrofluoric acid method is according to the theoretical amount of hydrofluoric acid and boric acid ingredients, slowly adding boric acid to hydrofluoric acid under stirring, the reaction temperature was controlled below 40 ℃, stop mechanical stirring upon heating completed, placed at room temperature for more than 2h, then filtered and purified to obtain fluoroborate finished production.
4HF + H3BO3 → HBF3OH + HF + 2H2O
HBF3OH + HF → HBF4 + H2O
- CategoryCorrosive materials
- Toxicity gradingPoisoning
- Flammability hazard characteristicsIn case of hair H combustible pore-forming agent; thermal decomposition of toxic fluoride gas.
- Storage CharacteristicsTreasury ventilation low-temperature drying, stored separately from Cyanide, 3,7-dinitroso-1,3,5,7-tetraazobicyclo-nonane, alkalis.
- Extinguishing agentSand, carbon dioxide
- Professional standardsTWA 2.5 mg (fluorine)/cubic meter
- Chemical PropertiesFluoboric acid is a colourless liquid, completely solvable in water. Fluoboric acid is a stable chemical substance and extremely reactive or incompatible with strong bases, cyanides. It is very corrosive in the presence of steel, aluminium, zinc, and copper and highly corrosive in the presence of glass and stainless steel.
- Chemical PropertiesFluoboric acid is a colorless liquid which does not exist as a free, pure substance. Used as an aqueous solution.
- UsesAs catalyst for preparing acetals, esterifying cellulose; to clean metal surfaces before welding; to brighten aluminum; as a solute in electrolytes for plating metals such as chromium, iron, nickel, copper, silver, zinc, cadmium, indium, tin, and lead (has a high throwing power). Reagent for sodium in the presence of magnesium and potassium ions; for making stabilized diazo salts (diazonium and tetrazonium fluoborates). An 0.1 to 0.5% solution retards fermentation: Homeyer, Pharm. Ztg. 34, 761 (1889).
- General DescriptionA colorless odorless poisonous liquid. Boiling point 130°C. Corrosive to metals and tissue. Fluoroboric acid is used in electroplating, metal cleaning and making diazo salts.
- Air & Water ReactionsSoluble in water with release of heat.
- Reactivity ProfileFluoroboric acid is a strong acid. Reacts exothermically with chemical bases (examples: amines, amides, and inorganic hydroxides). These reactions can generate dangerously large amounts of heat in small spaces. Dissolution in water or the dilution of a concentrated aqueous solution may generate significant heat. Reacts with active metals, including such structural metals as aluminum and iron, to release hydrogen, a flammable gas. Can initiate the polymerization of certain alkenes. Reacts with cyanide compounds to release gaseous hydrogen cyanide. Generates flammable and/or toxic gases in contact with dithiocarbamates, isocyanates, mercaptans, nitrides, nitriles, sulfides, and strong reducing agents. Additional gas-generating reactions occur with sulfites, nitrites, thiosulfates (to give H2S and SO3), dithionites (SO2), and carbonates. May catalyze (increase the rate of) chemical reactions. Attempted drying of the acid with acetic anhydride caused an explosion at 0°C [J. Organomet. Chem., 1975, 94, 319].
- HazardHighly toxic, corrosive, irritant.
- Health HazardTOXIC; inhalation, ingestion or skin contact with material may cause severe injury or death. Contact with molten substance may cause severe burns to skin and eyes. Avoid any skin contact. Effects of contact or inhalation may be delayed. Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may be corrosive and/or toxic and cause pollution.
- Fire HazardNon-combustible, substance itself does not burn but may decompose upon heating to produce corrosive and/or toxic fumes. Some are oxidizers and may ignite combustibles (wood, paper, oil, clothing, etc.). Contact with metals may evolve flammable hydrogen gas. Containers may explode when heated.
- Safety ProfileA corrosive acid. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic vapors of B and F-.
- Potential ExposureUsed as a catalyst for acetal synthesis and cellulose esters; a metal surface cleaning agent; an alu minum electrolytic finishing agent; a stripping solution for the removal of solder and plated metals; and an intermedi ate in making fluoroborate salt.
- ShippingUN1775 Fluoroboric acid, Hazard class: 8; Labels: 8-Corrosive material.
- Purification MethodsCrystallise fluoroboric acid several times from conductivity water. It can be stored in a glass vessel at room temperature. [Kwasnik in Handbook of Preparative Inorganic Chemistry (Ed. Brauer) Academic Press Vol I pp 221-222 1963.]
- IncompatibilitiesA strong acid. Reacts violently with chemically active metals; strong bases, releasing flammable hydrogen gas.
Fluoroboric acid Preparation Products And Raw materials
- Preparation ProductsFludarabine2-(4-BROMOPHENYL)THIOPHENE1,4-DIBROMO-2-FLUOROBENZENE2-Fluoro-5-iodopyridineETHYL 5-FLUORONICOTINATEMETHYL 5-FLUOROPYRIDINE-3-CARBOXYLATE1-(2-fluoro[1,1'-biphenyl]-4-yl)ethan-1-one7-FLUORO-[1,8]NAPHTHYRIDIN-2-OL1,3-BENZODITHIOLYLIUM TETRAFLUOROBORATE5-Chloro-2-fluorobenzoic acid2-Fluoroisonicotinic acidZinc tetrafluoroborate3-Fluorophenol1,4-DINITROBENZENE2-FluoroanisoleFlunarizine dihydrochlorideFluorine fluxing agent4-METHOXYBENZENEDIAZONIUM TETRAFLUOROBORATE4-Pyridinecarbonyl chloride, 2-fluoro- (9CI)2-FLUOROPYRIDINE-5-CARBONYL CHLORIDEBis(pyridine)iodonium tetrafluoroborate2-Fluoropyridine-6-carboxylic acid2-FLUORO-6-PYRIDINECARBONYL CHLORIDE2-Fluoro-6-methylpyridine6-Fluoronicotinic acidLead(II) tetrafluoroborateZINC TETRAFLUOROBORATE HYDRATE1,4-DifluorobenzeneTRI-N-BUTYLPHOSPHONIUM TETRAFLUOROBORATE4-Iodopyridine2-Chloro-5-fluoropyridine1,2-Difluorobenzene1,3-DIMETHOXY-5-FLUOROBENZENE2-Fluoro-5-methylpyridineEthyl 2-methylbutyrate2-Fluoro-p-XyleneTin fluoroborate1,2,4,5-TetrafluorobenzeneCupric tetrafluoroborate hydrate1,3-Dichloro-2-fluorobenzene
- Raw materialsHydrofluoric acidOrthoboric acid
- Hexafluorosilicic acid PERCHLORIC ACID Ethyl 2-(Chlorosulfonyl)acetate Sodium tetrafluoroborate hydrogen fluoride DL-α-Tocopherol TETRAFLUOROBORIC ACID SILVER SALT,Fluoroboric acid silver(I) salt~Silver(I) fluoborate~Silver(I) fluoroborate,FLUOROBORIC ACID SILVER SALT Ammonium fluoborate Stearic acid 5-Chlorovaleric acid HYDROGEN CYANIDE Hydrochloric acid Lead(II) tetrafluoroborate 4-(Diethylamino)salicylaldehyde Diphenolic acid Potassium tetrafluoroborate Fluoroboric acid ETHYLENEDIAMINE TETRAKIS(PROPOXYLATE-BLOCK-ETHOXYLATE) TETROL
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- Jan 10，2020