Basic information Chemical properties Uses Content analysis Toxicity Use limits Standard for Maximum Allowable Amount Production method Hazards & Safety Information Safety Related Supplier
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Isobutyric acid

Basic information Chemical properties Uses Content analysis Toxicity Use limits Standard for Maximum Allowable Amount Production method Hazards & Safety Information Safety Related Supplier
Isobutyric acid Basic information
Isobutyric acid Chemical Properties
  • Melting point:-47 °C
  • Boiling point:153-154 °C(lit.)
  • Density 0.95 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
  • vapor density 3.04 (vs air)
  • vapor pressure 1.5 mm Hg ( 20 °C)
  • refractive index n20/D 1.393(lit.)
  • FEMA 2222 | ISOBUTYRIC ACID
  • Flash point:132 °F
  • storage temp. room temp
  • solubility 618g/l
  • pka4.84(at 20℃)
  • form Liquid
  • color Clear colorless
  • PH2.3 (500g/l, H2O, 25℃)
  • Odor Threshold0.0015ppm
  • explosive limit1.6-7.3%(V)
  • Water Solubility 210 g/L (20 ºC)
  • JECFA Number253
  • Merck 14,5155
  • BRN 635770
  • InChIKeyKQNPFQTWMSNSAP-UHFFFAOYSA-N
  • CAS DataBase Reference79-31-2(CAS DataBase Reference)
  • NIST Chemistry ReferencePropanoic acid, 2-methyl-(79-31-2)
  • EPA Substance Registry SystemIsobutyric acid (79-31-2)
Safety Information
  • Hazard Codes Xn
  • Risk Statements 21/22
  • Safety Statements 23-36/37/39-24/25
  • RIDADR UN 2529 3/PG 3
  • WGK Germany 1
  • RTECS NQ4375000
  • 13
  • Autoignition Temperature824 °F
  • TSCA Yes
  • HazardClass 3
  • PackingGroup III
  • HS Code 29156000
  • Hazardous Substances Data79-31-2(Hazardous Substances Data)
  • ToxicityLD50 orally in Rabbit: 266 mg/kg LD50 dermal Rabbit 475 mg/kg
MSDS
Isobutyric acid Usage And Synthesis
  • Chemical propertiesColorless oily liquid; strong irritating odor; miscible with water; soluble in alcohol, ether and so on.
  • Uses1. Isobutyric acid is mainly used in the synthesis of isobutyric acid esters, such as methyl isobutyrate, propyl ester, isoamyl ester and benzyl ester. It can also be used as edible flavor and used in pharmaceutical.
    2. GB 2760-1996 provides for isobutyric acid as the food flavors allowed to use. It is mainly used for the preparation of butter, apple, caramel, cheese, bread, yeast and other flavors.
    3. Isobutyric acid is not more important than butyric acid, but has the similar uses with n-butyric acid. Isobutyric acid is mainly used to produce the corresponding esters, such as methyl isobutyrate with apricot incense, propyl isobutyrate with pineapple flavor, isobutyl isobutyrate with banana flavor, octyl isobutyrate with grapes taste, benzyl isobutyrate with jasmine smell, etc. It can be used for preparing flavors and solvents and also used in the manufacture of varnishes and plasticizers. Isobutyric acid has some important derivatives that, in the industry, is actually used for the production of isobutyronitrile intermediates, and then converted to isobutylamidine hydrochloride that is the raw materials of pesticide diazinon.
    4. Used for the raw materials of perfume and perfume ester, and also used as the solvents of textile auxiliaries (in the form of salt) and a variety of chemical reactions.
  • Content analysisDetermined by the same content analysis method of "butyric acid (03454)".
  • ToxicityGRAS (FEMA).
    LD50 280 mg/kg (rat, oral).
  • Use limitsFEMA (mg/kg): soft drinks 4.1; cold drinks 12; candy 41; baked food 38; gummy candy 470; margarine 30.
    Moderate use as limits (FDA § 172.515, 2000).
  • Standard for Maximum Allowable AmountEnglish name of the additive: isobutyric acid
    English name of the food allowed to use the additive : food
    Additive Function:Spice used in food
    Maximum allowable use (g/kg) Maximum allowable residue (g/kg)
    The spice ingredients for preparing essence shall not exceed the maximum allowable use and maximum allowable residue in GB 2760.
  • Production methodThe preparation of isobutyric acid is similar with butyric acid, which is performed by the direct oxidation of isobutyl alcohol and isobutyraldehyde. Isobutyric acid can be directly generated from the oxidation of isobutyraldehyde in air or oxygen. Other manufacturing methods have isobutyronitrile hydrolysis and methacrylic acid hydrogenation. The oxidation of 2-methyl-1-nitropropane to prepare isobutyric acid can also obtain a higher yield. The purification of Isobutyric acid can be realized by azeotropic distillation with water, and anhydrous isobutyric acid can be obtained by the extractive distillation from carbon tetrachloride. Propylene and formic acid ester can react at 50 °C with the catalysis of hydrofluoric acid to generate methyl isobutyrate and propyl isobutyrate.
    Application: Isobutyric acid is not more important than butyric acid, but has the similar uses with n-butyric acid. Isobutyric acid is mainly used to produce the corresponding esters, such as methyl isobutyrate with apricot incense, propyl isobutyrate with pineapple flavor, isobutyl isobutyrate with banana flavor, octyl isobutyrate with grapes taste, benzyl isobutyrate with jasmine smell, etc. It can be used for preparing flavors and solvents and also used in the manufacture of varnishes and plasticizers. Isobutyric acid has some important derivatives that, in the industry, is actually used for the production of isobutyronitrile intermediates, and then converted to isobutylamidine hydrochloride that is the raw materials of pesticide diazinon.
  • Hazards & Safety InformationProduction method :Isobutyric acid can be derived from the oxidation of isobutanol.
    Category : Flammable liquids
    Toxicity classification : high toxicity
    Acute Toxicity : Oral-Rat LD50: 280 mg/kg
    Flammability hazard characteristics :Combust when meeting fire, high temperature and strong oxidant; Release irritating smoke when combusting.
    Storage and transport characteristics  :Complete packaging; light loading and unloading; warehouse ventilation; away from the fire and high temperature; stored separately with oxidants and alkali.
    Fire extinguishing agent : foam, dry powder, carbon dioxide, sand
  • DescriptionIsobutyric acid has an odor and flavor similar to n-butyric acid. Prepared via oxidation of isobutyl alcohol.
  • Chemical PropertiesIsobutyric acid has strong penetrating odor of rancid butter. The odor and flavor are similar to n-butyric acid.
  • Chemical Propertiesclear colorless liquid
  • OccurrenceReported found in several essential oils: Arnica montana, Roman chamomile, Laurus nobilis, imperatoria, and in carob fruits (Siliqua dulcis); also identified in the essence of Seseli tortuosum, Artemisia transiliensis. Reported found in apple, banana, lingonberry, cranberry, currants, guava, papaya, grapes, pineapple, raspberry, strawberry, celery, potato, bell pepper, tomato, peppermint oil, breads, cheeses, butter, fish, cooked beef and pork, hop oil, beer, rum, cognac, whiskies, cider, honey, grape wines, cocoa, coffee, tea, peanuts, passion fruit, plums, mushrooms, mango, rice, shoyu, sake, buckwheat, laurel, dried bonito, Bourbon vanilla, shrimps, scallops and Chinese quince
  • UsesIsobutyric Acid is a flavoring agent that is a colorless liquid with a strong, penetrating odor, resembling butter. it is miscible in alcohol, propylene glycol, glycerin, mineral oil, and most fixed oils and sol- uble in water. it is obtained by chemical synthesis. it is also termed isopropylformic acid.
  • UsesManufacture of esters for solvents, flavors and perfume bases, disinfecting agent, varnish, deliming hides, tanning agent.
  • DefinitionChEBI: A branched fatty acid comprising propanoic acid carrying a methyl branch at C-2.
  • PreparationBy oxidation of isobutyl alcohol.
  • Aroma threshold valuesDetection: 10 ppb to 9.5 ppm; aroma characteristics at 10 ppm: acidic pungent, dairy buttery and cheesy with fruity undertones.
  • Taste threshold valuesTaste characteristics at 15 ppm: acidic, sour dairy, creamy, cheese, cultured dairy nuance.
  • General DescriptionA colorless liquid with a light odor of rancid butter. Flash point 132°F. Density 7.9 lb / gal. Corrosive to metals and tissue.
  • Air & Water ReactionsFlammable. Water soluble
  • Reactivity ProfileIsobutyric acid corrodes aluminum and other metals. Flammable hydrogen gas may accumulate in enclosed spaces in which this reaction has taken place [USCG, 1999].
  • HazardToxic by ingestion, strong irritant to tissue.
  • Health HazardInhalation causes irritation of nose and throat. Ingestion causes irritation of mouth and stomach. Contact with eyes or skin causes irritation.
  • Fire HazardFlammable/combustible material. May be ignited by heat, sparks or flames. Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers. Runoff to sewer may create fire or explosion hazard. Containers may explode when heated. Many liquids are lighter than water.
  • Purification MethodsDistil the acid from KMnO4, then redistil it from P2O5. [Beilstein 2 H 288, 2 I 126, 2 II 257, 2 III 637, 2 IV 843.]
Isobutyric acid Preparation Products And Raw materials
Isobutyric acid(79-31-2)Related Product Information
Isobutyric acidSupplierMore
  • Company Name:Jinan Century Tongda Chemical Co., Ltd. Gold
  • Tel:13370556116
  • Email:3350933950@qq.com;
  • Products Intro:Product Name:Isobutyric acid
    CAS:79-31-2
    Purity:99.5% Package:50t
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  • Company Name:Yangzhou Huayang Chemical Auxiliary Co., Ltd. Gold
  • Tel:15358929297
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  • Products Intro:Product Name:Isobutyric acid
    CAS:79-31-2
    Purity:99%
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  • Products Intro:Product Name:Isobutyric acid, 99%
    CAS:79-31-2
    Purity:99% Package:500ML
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  • Tel:400-660-8290 21-61259100-
  • Email:sh@meryer.com
  • Products Intro:Product Name:Isobutyric acid
    CAS:79-31-2
    Purity:98% Package:500g Remarks:AAA124950
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  • Company Name:3B Pharmachem (Wuhan) International Co.,Ltd.
  • Tel:18930552037 821-50328103-801
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  • Products Intro:Product Name:Isobutyric acid
    CAS:79-31-2
    Purity:99% HPLC Package:1Mg ; 5Mg;10Mg ;100Mg;250Mg ;500Mg ;1g;2.5g ;5g ;10g
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