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Chemical Properties

Melting point -72 °C (lit.)
Boiling point 107-108 °C (lit.)
Density  0.770 g/mL at 20 °C (lit.)
vapor density  2.38 (vs air)
vapor pressure  100 mm Hg ( 54.4 °C)
refractive index  n20/D 1.372(lit.)
Flash point 39 °F
storage temp.  Flammables area
solubility  slightly soluble in water and acetone, very soluble in alcohol and ether
form  Liquid
color  Clear colorless to light yellow
Water Solubility  35 g/L (20 ºC)
Merck  14,5156
BRN  1340512
Stability Stable. Flammable. May form explosive mixtures with air. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents.
CAS DataBase Reference 78-82-0(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference Propanenitrile, 2-methyl-(78-82-0)
EPA Substance Registry System Isobutyronitrile (78-82-0)

Safety Information

Hazard Codes  F,T
Risk Statements  11-23/24/25-36/37/38
Safety Statements  9-16-24/25-26-36/37/39-45-23
RIDADR  UN 2284 3/PG 2
WGK Germany  2
RTECS  TZ4900000
Hazard Note  Highly Flammable/Toxic
HazardClass  3
PackingGroup  II
HS Code  29269095
Hazardous Substances Data 78-82-0(Hazardous Substances Data)
Toxicity LD50 (mg/kg): 25 i.p. in mice; 200 orally in rats (Zeller); LD50 orally in male mice: 0.3652 mmol/kg (Tanii)


Usage And Synthesis