ChemicalBook > Product Catalog > Inorganic chemistry > Inorganic salts > Metal salts > SODIUM DICHROMATE
SODIUM DICHROMATE Chemical Properties
SODIUM DICHROMATE Usage And Synthesis
- Chemical PropertiesRed or red-orange deliquescent crystals.Decomposes at 400C, loses 2H 2 O on prolonged heating at 100C. Soluble in water; insoluble in alcohol. Noncombustible.
- Chemical PropertiesSodium chromate, including the hexahydrate, is yellow crystalline solids that can also be used in solution. Disodium dichromate (10588-01-9):
- UsesColorimetry (copper determination), complex- ing agent, oxidation inhibitor in ethyl ether.
- UsesSodium dichromate is red solid, soluble, powerful oxidizing agent, and consequently a fire hazard with dry carbonaceous materials. Formed by acidifying sodium chromate solution, and then evaporating. Used (1) in matches and pyrotechnics, (2) in leather tanning and in the textile industry, (3) as a source of chromate, cheaper than potassium dichromate.
- General DescriptionA red or red-orange crystalline solid. May be strongly irritating to skin, eyes and mucous membranes. Used as a corrosion inhibitor, and in the manufacture of other chemicals.
- Air & Water ReactionsDeliquescent. Soluble in water.
- Reactivity ProfileSODIUM DICHROMATE is a strong oxidizing agent. Incompatible with strong acids. . Contact with combustible materials may lead to fires. Toxic chromium oxide fumes may form in fire [USCG, 1999]. The well known "chromic acid mixture" of dichromate and sulfuric acid with organic residue led to violent exothermic reaction. This mixture in combination with acetone residue also led to violent reaction. The combination of the dichromate and sulfuric acid with alcohols, ethanol and 2-propanol, led to violent exothermic reaction. Because of the occurrence of many incidents involving the dichromate-sulfuric acid mix with oxidizable organic materials, SODIUM DICHROMATE is probably best to avoid such interactions. The combination of the dichromate with hydrazine is explosive (one may expect the reaction of the dichromate to be vigorous with amines in general), [Mellor, 1943, Vol. 11, 234]. The addition of the dehydrated dichromate salt to acetic anhydride led to an exothermic reaction which eventually exploded. An induction period proceeded the explosion event [Bretherick, 5th Ed., 1995]. Boron, silicon, and dichromates form pyrotechnic mixtures. A mixture of acetic acid, 2-methyl-2-pentenal and the dichromate led to a runaway reaction and eruption of the reactor contents, [J. Haz. Mat., 1987, 233-239].
- Health HazardInhalation of dust or mist causes respiratory irritation sometimes resembling asthma; nasal septal perforation may occur. Ingestion causes vomiting, diarrhea, and (rarely) stomach and kidney complications. Contact with eyes or skin produces local irritation; repeated skin exposure causes dermatitis.
- Fire HazardBehavior in Fire: Decomposes to produce oxygen when heated. May ignite other combustibles upon contact.
- Safety ProfileConfirmed carcinogen with experimental tumorigenic data. Poison by ingestion, sktn contact, intravenous, intraperitoneal, and subcutaneous routes. Human systemic effects by ingestion: cough, nausea or vomiting, and sweating. Human mutation data reported. A caustic and irritant. A powerful oxidizer. Potentially explosive reaction with acetic anhydride, ethanol + sulfuric acid + heat, hydrazine. Violent reaction or ignition with boron + shcon (pyrotechnic), organic residues + sulfuric acid, 2-propanol + sulfuric acid, sulfuric acid + trinitrotoluene. Incompatible with hydroxylamine. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of Na2O. See also CHROMIUM COMPOUNDS.
- Potential ExposureUsed to make dyes, inks, pigments, and other chromates; in leather tanning, a corrosion inhibitor in circulating water systems; metal treatment; a drilling mud additive; chemical intermediate for chromium catalysts; colorimetry, oxidizing agent; bleaching agent; an algicide, fungicide, insecticide; in wood preservation.
- ShippingUN3087 Oxidizing solid, toxic, n.o.s., Hazard Class: 5.1; Labels: 5.1-Oxidizer, 6.1-Poisonous materials, Technical Name Required. UN3085 Oxidizing solid, corrosive, n.o.s., Hazard Class: 5.1; Labels: 5.1-Oxidizer, 8-Corrosive material, Technical Name Required.
- IncompatibilitiesAqueous solution in a base. A strong oxidizer. Violent reaction with reducing agents; combustibles, strong acids; organic materials.
SODIUM DICHROMATE Preparation Products And Raw materials
- Raw materials HEAVY CUT RESIDUE OILDolomite (CaMg(CO3)2), dead-burned refractory Chrome iron ore
- Preparation ProductsChromic acid Potassium dichromateFurfuryl alcoholPotassium chlorateAcid Yellow 232-MethylfuranMiddle chrome yellow5-Nitro-2-furoic acidPale chrome yellowSodium chromate tetrahydrate3-BromofuranBasic chromic sulfateChromic sulfateAmmonium dichromateSodium chromateFerric chrome lignin sulfonate
- Sodium dichromate dihydrate Sodium chromate Disodium hydrogen phosphate dihydrate SODIUM PHOSPHATE, DIBASIC, HEPTAHYDRATE Sodium oxide Sodium sulfide N-(Isoxazol-5-yl)sulphanilamide Sodium bromide Sodium Phosphate, Dibasic Ammonium dichromate Sodium chromate tetrahydrate Chromium chromium dioxide SODIUM DICHROMATE SODIUMCHROMITE Viridian 3B CHROMIUM (III) OXIDE HYDRATE, 98 Chromic acid