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Allyl acetate

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Allyl acetate Basic information
Allyl acetate Chemical Properties
  • Melting point:6°C
  • Boiling point:103-104 °C(lit.)
  • Density 0.928 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
  • vapor pressure 27.2 hPa (20 °C)
  • refractive index n20/D 1.404(lit.)
  • Flash point:44 °F
  • storage temp. Refrigerator (+4°C) + Flammables area
  • solubility 28g/l
  • form Liquid
  • color Clear colorless
  • Specific Gravity0.928
  • explosive limit2.1-13.0%(V)
  • Water Solubility slightly
  • Merck 14,285
  • BRN 1742050
  • CAS DataBase Reference591-87-7(CAS DataBase Reference)
  • NIST Chemistry ReferenceAcetic acid, 2-propenyl ester(591-87-7)
  • EPA Substance Registry SystemAcetic acid, 2-propen-1-yl ester (591-87-7)
Safety Information
  • Hazard Codes F,T
  • Risk Statements 11-21-23/25-36-25
  • Safety Statements 16-26-36-45-27
  • RIDADR UN 2333 3/PG 2
  • WGK Germany 3
  • RTECS AF1750000
  • Autoignition Temperature705 °F
  • TSCA Yes
  • HazardClass 3
  • PackingGroup II
  • HS Code 29153990
  • Hazardous Substances Data591-87-7(Hazardous Substances Data)
  • ToxicityLD50: 0.13 g/kg orally in rats; 1.1 ml/kg dermally in rabbits (Smyth); LD50 in rats, mice (mg/kg): 142, 170 orally (Jenner)
MSDS
Allyl acetate Usage And Synthesis
  • Chemical PropertiesAllyl acetate is a flammable, colorless liquid with an acrid odor.
  • UsesAlly acetate is used in nonalcoholic beverages at 1 ppm, ice cream and ices at 2 ppm, candy at 5 ppm, baked goods at 5 ppm, and margarine at 2 ppm.
  • Production MethodsAllyl acetate is produced by the following methods: decarboxylation of allylmalonic acid with heat, boiling ethyl 4- chloro-N-valerate in quinoline, and acetoxylation of propylene.
    Allyl acetate is produced primarily for manufacturing allyl alcohol. It is also used as a synthetic flavoring for cheese, butter, and fruit.
  • General DescriptionA liquid. Insoluble in water and slightly less dense than water. Hence floats on water. Flash point below 75°F. Poisonous by ingestion and moderately toxic by inhalation and skin contact. Irritating to skin and eyes.
  • Air & Water ReactionsHighly flammable. Insoluble in water.
  • Reactivity ProfileAllyl acetate is an ester. Reacts with acids to liberate heat along with alcohols and acids. Generates heat with strong oxidizing acids. The reaction may be sufficiently exothermic to ignite the reaction products. Also generates heat with basic solutions. Generates flammable hydrogen with alkali metals and hydrides. Emits acrid smoke and irritating fumes when heated to decomposition.
  • HazardSkin and eye irritant; poisonous.
  • Health HazardTOXIC; may be fatal if inhaled, ingested or absorbed through skin. Inhalation or contact with some of these materials will irritate or burn skin and eyes. Fire will produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases. Vapors may cause dizziness or suffocation. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may cause pollution.
  • Fire HazardHIGHLY FLAMMABLE: Will be easily ignited by heat, sparks or flames. Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion and poison hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers. Runoff to sewer may create fire or explosion hazard. Containers may explode when heated. Many liquids are lighter than water.
  • Safety ProfilePoison by ingestion. Moderately toxic by inhalation and skin contact. A skin and eye irritant. When heated to decomposition it emits acrid smoke and irritating fumes. Dangerous fire hazard. See also ALLYL COMPOUNDS
  • Potential ExposureAllyl Acetate is used to control insects in homes and animal shelters, and to treat lice in humans. May be used to enhance taste of dairy products and fruit. Generally speaking, most allyl compounds may be metabolized to allyl alcohol (see A:0540) which is metabolized to acrolein (see A:0380).
  • ShippingUN2333 Allyl acetate, Hazard Class: 3; Labels: 3-Flammable liquid, 6.1-Poisonous materials
  • Purification MethodsThe ester is freed from peroxides by standing with crystalline ferrous ammonium sulfate, then washed with 5% NaHCO3, followed by saturated CaCl2 solution. Dry it with Na2SO4 and fractionally distil it in an all-glass apparatus. FLAMMABLE LIQUID. [Beilstein 2 H 136, 2 IV 180.]
  • IncompatibilitiesIncompatible with oxidizers (chlorates, nitrates, peroxides, permanganates, perchlorates, chlorine, bromine, fluorine, etc.); contact may cause fires or explosions. Keep away from alkaline materials, strong bases, strong acids, oxoacids, epoxides. Incompatible with strong acids (liberates heat), nitrates, strong alkalis (liberates heat). Contact with alkali metals and strong reducing agents such as hydrides evolves highly flammable hydrogen gas. Attacks some plastics, coatings, and rubber. Flow or agitation of substance may generate electrostatic charges due to low conductivity; ground all equipment containing this material
  • Waste DisposalDissolve or mix the material with a combustible solvent and burn in a chemical incinerator equipped with an afterburner and scrubber. All federal, state, and local environmental regulations must be observed.
Allyl acetate Preparation Products And Raw materials
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