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Benzyl formate

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Benzyl formate Basic information
Benzyl formate Chemical Properties
Safety Information
  • Hazard Codes Xn
  • Risk Statements 21/22
  • Safety Statements 36-36/37-23
  • RIDADR NA 1993 / PGIII
  • WGK Germany 1
  • RTECS LQ5400000
  • TSCA Yes
  • HS Code 29151300
  • ToxicityLD50 orl-rat: 1400 mg/kg FCTXAV 11,1019,73
MSDS
Benzyl formate Usage And Synthesis
  • Chemical PropertiesColorless liquid; fruity-spicy odor. Resembles benzyl acetate in many respects but differs in its greater volatility. Miscible with alcohols, ketones, oils, aromatic, aliphatic and halogenated hydrocarbons; insoluble in water.
  • Chemical PropertiesBenzyl formate has an intense, pleasant, floral-fruity odor and sweet taste reminiscent of apricot and pineapple.
  • OccurrenceReported found in the oil of Rosa rugosa, sour cherry, American cranberry, ligonberry, coffee, black tea, Agaricus mushroom, Ocimum basilicum, Bourbon vanilla and crowberry (Empetrum nigrum Coll.).
  • UsesSolvent for cellulose esters; in perfumery.
  • PreparationBy heating a mixture of formic/acetic anhydride and benzyl alcohol to 50°C; by passing a mixture of formic acid and excess benzyl alcohol over a catalyst (ThO2 or TiO2) at high temperature.
  • Taste threshold valuesTaste characteristics at 10 ppm: fresh cherry with a berry, strawberry fruity nuance.
  • Synthesis Reference(s)Journal of the American Chemical Society, 82, p. 2380, 1960 DOI: 10.1021/ja01494a065
    The Journal of Organic Chemistry, 55, p. 2952, 1990
    Tetrahedron Letters, 30, p. 1561, 1989
  • HazardMay be narcotic in high concentration.
  • Safety ProfileModerately toxic by ingestion andskin contact. Mutation data reported. Probably narcotic inhigh concentrations. When heated todecomposition it emits acrid, irritating fumes.
Benzyl formate Preparation Products And Raw materials
Benzyl formate(104-57-4)Related Product Information
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