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Potassium sodium tartrate

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Potassium sodium tartrate Basic information
Potassium sodium tartrate Chemical Properties
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Potassium sodium tartrate Usage And Synthesis
  • DescriptionPotassium sodium tartrate is a double salt first prepared (in about 1675) by an apothecary, Pierre Seignette, of La Rochelle, France. As a result the salt was known as Seignette's salt or Rochelle salt. Rochelle salt is not to be confused with rock salt, which is simply the mineral form of sodium chloride. Potassium sodium tartrate and mono potassium phosphate were the first materials discovered to exhibit piezo electricity.
    It is a colorless to blue - white salt crystallizing in the orthorhombic system. Its molecular formula is KNaC4H4O6·4H2O. It is slightly soluble in alcohol but more completely soluble in water. It has a specific gravity of about 1.79, a melting point of approximately 75°C, and has a saline, cooling taste. As a food additive, its E number is E337.
    It has been used medicinally as a laxative. It has also been used in the process of silvering mirrors. It is an ingredient of Fehling's solution, formerly used in the determination of reducing sugars in solutions.
  • Chemical Propertiesoften supplied as a colourless aqueous solution
  • UsesLaxative.
  • UsesSodium Potassium Tartrate is a buffer and sequestrant that is the salt of i, (+)–tartaric acid. It has a solubility in water of 1 g in 1 ml. It is also termed rochelle salt and potassium sodium tartrate.
  • UsesPotassium Sodium Tartrate Solution is a chelator used for research purposes.
  • PreparationPotassium sodium tartrate, (KNaC4H4O6) may be prepared by adding 0.5 mole sodium carbonate to heated solution containing 1 mole potassium bitartrate(KHC4H5O6). (1M KHC4H4O6 : 0.5M Na2CO3). The solution is filtered while hot. This solution is then dried to precipitate solid potassium sodium tartrate, as small crystallites.
    Larger crystals of Rochelle salt have been grown under conditions of reduced gravity and convection on board Skylab .
  • DefinitionChEBI: The organic sodium and potassium salt of L-tartaric acid (mol ratio 1:1:1).
  • Purification MethodsRecrystallise it from distilled water (1.5mL/g) by cooling to 0o. [Beilstein 3 IV 1223.]
Potassium sodium tartrate Preparation Products And Raw materials
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