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gamma-Decalactone

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gamma-Decalactone Basic information
gamma-Decalactone Chemical Properties
Safety Information
  • Hazard Codes Xi
  • Risk Statements 36/37/38
  • Safety Statements 26-37/39-36
  • WGK Germany 3
  • RTECS LU4600000
  • Hazard Note Irritant
  • TSCA Yes
  • HS Code 29322090
MSDS
gamma-Decalactone Usage And Synthesis
  • Chemical Propertiesγ-Decalactone has a pleasant, fruity, peach-like odor.
  • Chemical Propertiesclear colourless to pale yellow liquid
  • Chemical Propertiesgamma-Decalactone is present in a wide variety of foods and is an almost colorless liquid with an intensely fruity odor,reminiscent of peaches. It is used in perfumery for heavy, fruity flower odors and in aroma compositions, particularly peach flavors.
  • OccurrenceReported found in peach, apricot and strawberry aroma. Also reported in butter, milk, beer, rum, red and white wine, mango, bilberry, plums, prunes, guava, peach, strawberry fruit and cheeses.
  • PreparationNaturalγ-decalactone is produced biotechnologically starting from ricinoleic acid, which is degraded by β-oxidation to 4-hydroxydecanoic acid, which lactonizes at lower pH to yield γ-decalactone
  • Aroma threshold valuesDetection: 1 to 11 ppb
  • Taste threshold valuesTaste characteristics at 10 ppm: creamy, fatty, oily, buttery sweet, coconut, fruity and peach-like.
  • Synthesis Reference(s)The Journal of Organic Chemistry, 55, p. 462, 1990 DOI: 10.1021/jo00289a016
    Synthetic Communications, 18, p. 2241, 1988 DOI: 10.1080/00397918808082366
  • Chemical SynthesisBy heating γ-bromocapric acid in a sodium carbonate solution; by prolonged heating of 9-decen-1-oic acid with 80% H2SO2 at 90°C
gamma-Decalactone Preparation Products And Raw materials
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