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2-AMINOANTHRAQUINONE

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2-AMINOANTHRAQUINONE Basic information
2-AMINOANTHRAQUINONE Chemical Properties
  • Melting point:292-295 °C (dec.)(lit.)
  • Boiling point:364.52°C (rough estimate)
  • Density 1.1814 (rough estimate)
  • refractive index 1.4700 (estimate)
  • Flash point:283°C
  • solubility ethanol: soluble(lit.)
  • pka0.97±0.20(Predicted)
  • Water Solubility 163ug/L(25 ºC)
  • BRN 745903
  • Stability:Stable. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents.
  • CAS DataBase Reference117-79-3(CAS DataBase Reference)
  • IARC3 (Vol. 27, Sup 7) 1987
  • EPA Substance Registry System2-Aminoanthraquinone (117-79-3)
Safety Information
  • Hazard Codes Xn
  • Risk Statements 40
  • Safety Statements 36/37/39
  • WGK Germany 3
  • RTECS CB5120000
  • TSCA Yes
  • PackingGroup II
MSDS
2-AMINOANTHRAQUINONE Usage And Synthesis
  • Chemical Propertiesdeep brown powder
  • Chemical Properties2-Aminoanthraquinoneforms red or orangebrown needle-shaped crystalline solid
  • UsesDye and pharmaceutical intermediate.
  • Uses2- Amino-3-hydroxyanthraquinone is an intermediate for CI Vat Red 10.
  • General DescriptionRed needle-like crystals or dark brown granular solid.
  • Air & Water ReactionsInsoluble in water.
  • Reactivity Profile2-AMINOANTHRAQUINONE may react with strong oxidizing agents. Forms salts with mineral acids. Can be acylated or alkylated on the nitrogen atom and nitrated or sulgonated in the ring .
  • HazardQuestionable carcinogen.
  • Health HazardACUTE/CHRONIC HAZARDS: 2-AMINOANTHRAQUINONE may be absorbed through the skin and may cause irritation. It is a positive animal carcinogen. When heated to decomposition 2-AMINOANTHRAQUINONE emits toxic fumes of carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide and nitrogen oxides.
  • Fire HazardFlash point data for 2-AMINOANTHRAQUINONE are not available; however, 2-AMINOANTHRAQUINONE is probably combustible.
  • Safety ProfileConfirmed carcinogen with experimental carcinogenic, neoplastigenic, and tumorigenic data. Moderately toxic via intraperitoneal route. Mutation data reported. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic NO,. See also AMINES.
  • Potential Exposure2-Aminoanthraquinone is used as a dye intermediate; in the industrial synthesis of anthraquinone and pharmaceuticals. It is the precursor of five dyes and one pigment, including Color Index Vat Blues 4, 6, 12, and 24; Vat Yellow 1; and Pigment Blue 22. Because AAQ is used on a commercial scale solely by the dye industry, the potential for exposure to the compound is greatest for workers at dye manufacturing facilities. However, no additional data are available on the number of facilities using AAQ. The Consumer Product Safety Commission staff believes that trace amounts of unreacted AAQ may possibly be present in some dyes based on this chemical and in the final consumer product. Exposure even to trace amounts may be a cause for concern. This concern is based on experience with other dyes derived from aromatic amines.
  • Carcinogenicity2-Aminoanthraquinone is reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen based on sufficient evidence of carcinogenicity from studies in experimental animals.
  • ShippingUN3143 Dyes, solid, toxic, n.o.s. or Dye intermediates, solid, toxic, n.o.s., Hazard Class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poisonous materials, Technical Name Required.
  • IncompatibilitiesKeep away from strong oxidizing and reducing agents. Incompatible with oxidizers (chlorates, nitrates, peroxides, permanganates, perchlorates, chlorine, bromine, fluorine, etc.); contact may cause fires or explosions. Keep away from alkaline materials, strong bases, strong acids, oxoacids, epoxides
2-AMINOANTHRAQUINONE Preparation Products And Raw materials
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