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m-Phenylenediamine

m-Phenylenediamine Structure
m-Phenylenediamine
  • CAS No.108-45-2
  • Chemical Name:m-Phenylenediamine
  • CBNumber:CB7852752
  • Molecular Formula:C6H8N2
  • Formula Weight:108.14
  • MOL File:108-45-2.mol
m-Phenylenediamine Property
  • Melting point: :64-66 °C(lit.)
  • Boiling point: :282-284 °C(lit.)
  • Density  :1,139 g/cm3
  • vapor density  :3.7 (vs air)
  • vapor pressure  :0.62 mm Hg ( 100 °C)
  • refractive index  :1.6339
  • Flash point: :>230 °F
  • storage temp.  :Store below +30°C.
  • solubility  :350g/l
  • pka :5.11, 2.50(at 20℃)
  • form  :pellets
  • color  :Yellow to light tan or brown gray
  • PH :8 (100g/l, H2O, 20℃)
  • Water Solubility  :350 g/L (25 ºC)
  • Sensitive  :Air Sensitive
  • Merck  :14,7283
  • BRN  :471357
  • InChIKey :WZCQRUWWHSTZEM-UHFFFAOYSA-N
  • Indirect Additives used in Food Contact Substances :1,3-BENZENEDIAMINE
  • CAS DataBase Reference :108-45-2(CAS DataBase Reference)
  • FDA 21 CFR :177.2280
  • EWG's Food Scores :5-8
  • FDA UNII :OE624J2447
  • IARC :3 (Vol. 16, Sup 7) 1987
  • NIST Chemistry Reference :1,3-Benzenediamine(108-45-2)
  • EPA Substance Registry System :1,3-Phenylenediamine (108-45-2)
Safety
Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)
  • Symbol(GHS)
  • Signal wordDanger
  • Hazard statements H301-H311-H331-H400-H301+H311+H331-H317-H319-H341-H410
  • Precautionary statements P201-P301+P310a-P405-P501a-P261-P273-P280-P301+P310-P305+P351+P338-P311-P302+P352+P312-P304+P340+P312-P403+P233
m-Phenylenediamine Price More Price(17)
  • Brand: Sigma-Aldrich
  • Product number: P23954
  • Product name : m-Phenylenediamine
  • Purity: flakes, 99%
  • Packaging: 5g
  • Price: $24.1
  • Updated: 2021/03/22
  • Buy: Buy
  • Brand: Sigma-Aldrich
  • Product number: 8.20991
  • Product name : 1,3-Phenylenediamine
  • Purity: for synthesis
  • Packaging: 5 g
  • Price: $26.27
  • Updated: 2021/03/22
  • Buy: Buy
  • Brand: Sigma-Aldrich
  • Product number: 8.20991
  • Product name : 1,3-Phenylenediamine
  • Purity: for synthesis
  • Packaging: 250 g
  • Price: $46.34
  • Updated: 2021/03/22
  • Buy: Buy
  • Brand: Sigma-Aldrich
  • Product number: P23954
  • Product name : m-Phenylenediamine
  • Purity: flakes, 99%
  • Packaging: 1kg
  • Price: $67.9
  • Updated: 2021/03/22
  • Buy: Buy
  • Brand: Sigma-Aldrich
  • Product number: 8.20991
  • Product name : 1,3-Phenylenediamine
  • Purity: for synthesis
  • Packaging: 1 kg
  • Price: $119.32
  • Updated: 2021/03/22
  • Buy: Buy

m-Phenylenediamine Chemical Properties,Usage,Production

  • Chemical Properties Grey crystal granule
  • Chemical Properties m-Phenylenediamine is a colorless to white crystalline substance that turns red upon exposure to air
  • Uses 1,3-Phenylenediamine is used in the foaming-type hair dye composition.
  • Uses The appearance of the high purity of the m-phenylenediamine is snow white flake solid used as a synthetic electronic grade polyimide material and epoxy resin curing agent.
  • Synthesis Reference(s) Journal of the American Chemical Society, 102, p. 6182, 1980 DOI: 10.1021/ja00539a054
    The Journal of Organic Chemistry, 37, p. 930, 1972 DOI: 10.1021/jo00972a002
  • General Description Colorless or white colored needles that turn red or purple in air. Melting point 64-66 C. Density 1.14 g / cm3. Flash point 280 F. May irritate skin and eyes. Toxic by skin absorption, inhalation or ingestion. Used in aramid fiber manufacture, as a polymer additive, dye manufacturing, as a laboratory reagent, and in photography.
  • Air & Water Reactions Soluble in water [Merck].
  • Reactivity Profile m-Phenylenediamine an aromatic amine, neutralizes acids, acid chlorides, acid anhydrides and chloroformates in exothermic reactions to form salts. May be incompatible with isocyanates, halogenated organics, peroxides, phenols (acidic), epoxides, anhydrides, and acid halides. Incompatible with oxidizing agents .
  • Fire Hazard m-Phenylenediamine is combustible. Dust may form explosive mixtures in air
  • Safety Profile Suspected carcinogen with experimental tumorigenic and teratogenic data. Poison by ingestion, intravenous, subcutaneous, and intraperitoneal routes. Mildly toxic by skin contact. Mutation data reported. Combustible when exposed to heat or flame. A hair dye ingredtent. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of NOx. See also other phenylenediamine entries and AMINES.
  • Potential Exposure Used in making various dyes; as a curing agent for epoxy resin; rubber, textile fibers; urethanes, corrosion inhibitors; adhesives; in photographic and analytical procedures and processes.
  • Carcinogenicity "Occupational exposure to m-PDA may occur through inhalation and dermal contact with this compound at workplace where m-PDA is produced or used. The general population may be exposed to m-PDA via dermal contact with consumer products containing this compound."An IARC Working Group concluded, on the basis of lack of human data and inadequate animal data, that m-PDA was not classifiable (Group 3) as to its carcinogenicity to humans.
  • Metabolic pathway By the perfused rat liver, 1,3-diaminobenzene (MPD) is metabolized to three identified N-acetylated derivatives N-acetyl-1,3-diaminobenzene, N,N'- diacetyl-1,3-diaminobenzene, and N,N'-diacetyl-2,4- diaminophenol which are identical to the metabolites excreted in rat urine.
  • Shipping UN1673 Phenylenediamines (o-, m-, p-), Hazard Class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poisonous materials.
  • Purification Methods Purify the diamine by distillation under a vacuum followed by recrystallisation from EtOH (rhombs) and if necessary redistillation. It should be protected from light; otherwise it darkens rapidly. [Neilson et al. J Chem Soc 371 1962, IR: Katritzky & Jones J Chem Soc 3674, 2058 1959, UV: Forbes & Leckie Can J Chem 36 1371 1958.] The hydrochloride has m 277-278o, and the bis-4-chlorobenzenesulfonyl derivative has m 220-221o from H2O (214-215o, from MeOH/H2O) [Runge & Pfeiffer Chem Ber 90 1737 1957]. The acetate has m 191o. [Beilstein 13 IV 79.]
  • Incompatibilities Dust may form explosive mixture with air. Incompatible with oxidizers (chlorates, nitrates, peroxides, permanganates, perchlorates, chlorine, bromine, fluorine, etc.); contact may cause fires or explosions. Keep away from alkaline materials, strong bases, strong acids, oxoacids, epoxides, acid chlorides; acid anhydrides; chloroformates. Heat and light contribute to instability. Keep away from metals.
  • Waste Disposal Controlled incineration whereby oxides of nitrogen are removed from the effluent gas by scrubber, catalytic or thermal device.
m-Phenylenediamine Preparation Products And Raw materials
Raw materials
Preparation Products
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