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2-Hydroxybenzyl alcohol

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2-Hydroxybenzyl alcohol Basic information
2-Hydroxybenzyl alcohol Chemical Properties
  • Melting point:83-85 °C(lit.)
  • Boiling point:190.92°C (rough estimate)
  • Density 1,613 g/cm3
  • refractive index 1.5035 (estimate)
  • storage temp. Store below +30°C.
  • solubility ethanol: soluble5%, clear to very slightly hazy, colorless to light yellow
  • pkapK1:9.92 (25°C)
  • form Crystalline Flakes or Powder
  • color Light beige
  • Water Solubility 67 g/L (22 ºC)
  • Merck 14,8325
  • BRN 1907195
  • Stability:Stable. Incompatible with acids, acid chlorides, acid anhydrides, strong oxidizing agents.
  • CAS DataBase Reference90-01-7(CAS DataBase Reference)
  • NIST Chemistry ReferenceSalicyl alcohol(90-01-7)
  • EPA Substance Registry System2-Hydroxybenzenemethanol (90-01-7)
Safety Information
  • Hazard Codes Xi
  • Risk Statements 36/37/38
  • Safety Statements 26-36
  • WGK Germany 3
  • RTECS DO6430000
  • TSCA Yes
  • HS Code 29072900
2-Hydroxybenzyl alcohol Usage And Synthesis
  • Chemical Propertieslight brown crystalline powder
  • Chemical PropertiesSalicyl alcohol: (saligenin, o-hydroxy benzyl alcohol) crystallizes from water in the form of needles or white rhombic crystals. It occurs in nature as the bitter glycoside, salicin CAS: 138-52-3, which is isolated from the bark of Salix helix, S. pentandra, S. praecos, some other species of willow trees, and the bark of a number of species of poplar trees such as Polpulus balsamifera, P. candicans, and P. nigra.
  • Uses2-Monomethylol phenol is an intermediate in the production of phenol formaldehyde res ins (may remain after condensation of the resin); sensitizer in phenol-formaldehyde resins; in loeal anesthetics.
  • Usesanesthetic (local), antiinflammatory
  • Uses2-Hydroxybenzyl Alcohol is a phenolic component of a part of a salix bark extract which maintains a minor anti-depressant effect. Phenolic analog with potential for anti-melanomic effect
  • DefinitionChEBI: A hydroxybenzyl alcohol that is phenol substituted by a hydroxymethyl group at C-2.
  • Synthesis Reference(s)The Journal of Organic Chemistry, 60, p. 5314, 1995 DOI: 10.1021/jo00121a060
    Tetrahedron Letters, 10, p. 1739, 1969
  • Contact allergensMethylol phenols are sensitizers contained in resins based on phenol and formaldehyde of the resol type. Cross-reactivity is possible with other phenol derivative molecules.
  • Purification MethodsCrystallise saligenine from water or EtOH/*C6H6 (m 89o). [Beilstein 6 III 4537, 6 IV 5896.]
2-Hydroxybenzyl alcohol Preparation Products And Raw materials
2-Hydroxybenzyl alcohol(90-01-7)Related Product Information
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