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Cadmium nitrate

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Cadmium nitrate Basic information
Cadmium nitrate Chemical Properties
  • Melting point:59.4℃
  • Boiling point:132℃
  • Density 2.455(17/4℃)
  • form white cubic crystals
  • PH≥3
  • Water Solubility g/100g solution H2O: 55.1 (0.6°C), 61.3 (25°C), 87.2 (100°C); solid phase, Cd(NO3)2 · 4H2O (0°C, 25°C), Cd(NO3)2 (100°C) [KRU93]; soluble alcohol, ammonia [HAW93]
  • Merck 13,1622
  • BRN 8137359
  • CAS DataBase Reference10325-94-7(CAS DataBase Reference)
  • EPA Substance Registry SystemCadmium nitrate (10325-94-7)
Safety Information
Cadmium nitrate Usage And Synthesis
  • Chemical PropertiesWhite, amorphous pieces or hygro- scopic needles. Soluble in water, ammonia, and alco- hol.
  • Physical propertiesWhite crystal or amorphous powder; hygroscopic; density 3.60 g/cm3; melts at 350°C; very soluble in water, also soluble in alcohols.
  • UsesCadmium salts, photographic emulsions, col- oring glass and porcelain, laboratory reagent, cad- mium salts.
  • DefinitionChEBI: An inorganic nitrate salt having Cd(2+) as the counterion.
  • Preparationreparation Cadmium nitrate is prepared by dissolving cadmium metal or its oxide, hydroxide, or carbonate, in nitric acid followed by crystallization:
    CdO + 2HNO3 → Cd(NO3)2 + H2O.
  • General DescriptionOdorless white solid. Sinks in water.
  • Air & Water ReactionsWater soluble.
  • Reactivity ProfileMixtures of metal/nonmetal nitrates with alkyl esters may explode, owing to the formation of alkyl nitrates; mixtures a nitrate with phosphorus, tin (II) chloride, or other reducing agents may react explosively [Bretherick 1979 p. 108-109].
  • HazardDangerous fire and explosion hazard.
  • Health HazardInhalation of fumes can produce coughing, chest constriction, headache, nausea, vomiting, pneumonitis. Chronic poisoning is characterized by emphysema and kidney injury. Ingestion causes gastrointestinal disturbance and severe toxic symptoms; both kidney and liver injuries may occur. Contact with eyes causes irritation.
  • Safety ProfileConfirmed human carcinogen. Poison by ingestion and possibly other routes. Moderately toxic by inhalation. Mutation data reported. When heated to decomposition it emits very toxic fumes of Cd and NOx. See also CADMIUM COMPOUNDS and NITRATES.
Cadmium nitrate Preparation Products And Raw materials
Cadmium nitrate(10325-94-7)Related Product Information
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