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Itaconic anhydride

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Itaconic anhydride Basic information
Itaconic anhydride Chemical Properties
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Itaconic anhydride Usage And Synthesis
  • Chemical PropertiesWHITE TO CREAM CRYSTALLINE POWDER
  • PreparationTo a flask equipped with a 12 mm diameter ground glass adaptor tube bent for downward distillation and joined to a 100 cm condenser is added 200 gm (0.95 mole) of citric acid monohydrate. An ice-cooled flask and a cold trap are connected to the condenser. The flask containing the citric acid is heated rapidly with a wide flame of the Meker burner so that in 12-15 min the distillation at 175-190°C is complete. The distillation is stopped earlier if the vapors in the reaction flask become yellow. Superheating of the citric acid will cause rearrangement to citraconic anhydride. The water is quickly separated from the distillate and the itaconic anhydride layer dried to afford 40-50 gm (37-47%), m.p. 67-68°C. Long time contact of the water with the anhydride causes it to hydrolyze to itaconic acid, m.p. 162-165°C.
    Preparation of Itaconic Anhydride
  • Purification MethodsCrystallise the anhydride from CHCl3/pet ether. It can be distilled under reduced pressure. Distillation at atmospheric pressure, or prolonged distillation causes rearrangement to citraconic anhydride (2-methylmaleic anhydride). If the material (as seen in the IR spectrum) contains much free acid, then heat with acetyl chloride or SOCl2, evaporate and distil at as high a vacuum as possible. The crude anhydride deposits crystals of itaconic acid on standing probably due to hydrolysis by H2O — store it in sealed ampoules under dry N2. [Skinner et al. Org Synth Coll Vol II 368 1943, IR: Nagai Bull Chem Soc Jpn 37 369 1964, Kelly & Segura J Am Chem Soc 56 2497 1934, Beilstein 17/11 V 66.]
Itaconic anhydride Preparation Products And Raw materials
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