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Tetrafluoro-1-propanol

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Tetrafluoro-1-propanol Basic information
Tetrafluoro-1-propanol Chemical Properties
  • Melting point:-15°C
  • Boiling point:109 °C
  • Density 1.48 g/mL at 20 °C(lit.)
  • refractive index n20/D 1.321(lit.)
  • Flash point:110 °F
  • storage temp. Sealed in dry,2-8°C
  • pka13.05±0.10(Predicted)
  • form Liquid
  • color Clear colorless
  • Specific Gravity1.481.471
  • Water Solubility Soluble in water.
  • Merck 14,9206
  • BRN 1738264
  • Stability:Stable. Flammable. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, strong bases, sodium, potassium, acid chlorides, acid anhydrides.
  • CAS DataBase Reference76-37-9(CAS DataBase Reference)
  • NIST Chemistry Reference2,2,3,3-Tetrafluoro-1-propanol(76-37-9)
  • EPA Substance Registry System1-Propanol, 2,2,3,3-tetrafluoro- (76-37-9)
Safety Information
  • Hazard Codes Xn,F,Xi
  • Risk Statements 10-20-36-36/37/38
  • Safety Statements 26-37/39-16-36/37-36
  • RIDADR UN 1986 3/PG 3
  • WGK Germany 1
  • RTECS UB9400000
  • Hazard Note Flammable
  • TSCA T
  • HazardClass 3
  • PackingGroup III
  • HS Code 29051990
MSDS
Tetrafluoro-1-propanol Usage And Synthesis
  • Chemical Propertiescolourless liquid
  • Uses2,2,3,3-Tetrafluoro-1-propanol, is used as an essential fluorinated fine chemical, the main application of TFP is as a dye solvent in CD-R(W) and DVD-R(W) industry. It is also used in making textile treatment agent and pharmaceuticals. This chemical is an ideal replacement for Freon 22 detergent.
  • General Description
    2,2,3,3-Tetrafluoro-1-propanol (TFP) is extensively used as the solvent. Mineralization and defluoridation of TFP by UV oxidation in a novel three-phase fluidized bed reactor was reported. Desorption of activated carbon loaded with TFP by supercritical carbon dioxide in a rotating packed bed was investigated.
  • Purification MethodsTetrafluoro-1-propanol (450mL) is added to a solution of 2.25g of NaHSO3 in 90mL of water, shaken vigorously and set aside for 24hours. The fraction distilling at or above 99o is refluxed for 4hours with 5-6g of KOH and rapidly distilled, followed by a final fractional distillation. [Kosower & Wu J Am Chem Soc 83 3142 1961.] Alternatively, shake the alcohol with alumina for 24hours, dry it overnight with anhydrous K2CO3 and distil it, taking the middle fraction (b 107-108o). [Beilstein 1 IV 2438.]
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