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1-Propanol

Chemical Properties

Melting point -127 °C(lit.)
Boiling point 97 °C(lit.)
Density  0.804 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
vapor density  2.1 (vs air)
vapor pressure  10 mm Hg ( 147 °C)
FEMA  2928 | PROPYL ALCOHOL
refractive index  n20/D 1.384(lit.)
Flash point 59 °F
storage temp.  Store at +5°C to +30°C.
solubility  H2O: passes test
form  Liquid
pka >14 (Schwarzenbach et al., 1993)
color  <10(APHA)
Odor Resembles that of ethyl alcohol.
Relative polarity 0.617
PH 7 (200g/l, H2O, 20℃)
explosive limit 2.1-19.2%(V)
Odor Threshold 0.094ppm
Water Solubility  soluble
λmax λ: 220 nm Amax: ≤0.40
λ: 240 nm Amax: ≤0.071
λ: 275 nm Amax: ≤0.0044
Merck  14,7842
JECFA Number 82
BRN  1098242
Henry's Law Constant 6.75 (static headspace-GC, Merk and Riederer, 1997)
Exposure limits TLV-TWA (200 ppm); (500 mg/m3); STEL 250 ppm (625 mg/m3); IDLH 4000 ppm.
Stability Stable. May form peroxides in contact with air. Incompatible with alkali metals, alkaline earths, aluminium, oxidizing agents, nitro compounds. Highly flammable. Vapour/air mixtures explosive.
CAS DataBase Reference 71-23-8(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference 1-Propanol(71-23-8)
EPA Substance Registry System 1-Propanol (71-23-8)

Safety Information

Hazard Codes  F,Xi
Risk Statements  11-41-67
Safety Statements  7-16-24-26-39
RIDADR  UN 1274 3/PG 2
WGK Germany  1
RTECS  UH8225000
10-23
Autoignition Temperature 700 °F
TSCA  Yes
HazardClass  3
PackingGroup  II
HS Code  29051200
Hazardous Substances Data 71-23-8(Hazardous Substances Data)
Toxicity LD50 orally in rats: 1.87 g/kg (Smyth)
IDLA 800 ppm

MSDS

Usage And Synthesis

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