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1-Chloropropane

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1-Chloropropane Basic information
1-Chloropropane Chemical Properties
  • Melting point:-123 °C
  • Boiling point:46-47 °C(lit.)
  • Density 0.892 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
  • vapor density 2.71 (vs air)
  • vapor pressure 5.51 psi ( 20 °C)
  • refractive index n20/D 1.388(lit.)
  • Flash point:−25 °F
  • storage temp. 2-8°C
  • solubility 2.7g/l
  • form Liquid
  • color Clear colorless
  • explosive limit2.6-11.1%(V)
  • Water Solubility 2.7 g/L (20 ºC)
  • Merck 14,7847
  • BRN 1730771
  • CAS DataBase Reference540-54-5(CAS DataBase Reference)
  • NIST Chemistry ReferencePropane, 1-chloro-(540-54-5)
  • EPA Substance Registry System1-Chloropropane (540-54-5)
Safety Information
  • Hazard Codes F,Xn
  • Risk Statements 11-20/21/22
  • Safety Statements 9-29-2017/9/29
  • RIDADR UN 1278 3/PG 2
  • WGK Germany 3
  • RTECS TX4400000
  • Autoignition Temperature968 °F
  • HS Code 2903 19 00
  • HazardClass 3.1
  • PackingGroup II
  • Hazardous Substances Data540-54-5(Hazardous Substances Data)
  • ToxicityLD50 orally in Rabbit: > 2000 mg/kg
MSDS
1-Chloropropane Usage And Synthesis
  • Chemical PropertiesCLEAR COLOURLESS LIQUID
  • General DescriptionA clear colorless liquid. Boiling point 46.6°C. Flash point below 0°F. Less dense than water and slightly soluble in water. Vapors are heavier than air. Irritant and narcotic.
  • Air & Water ReactionsHighly flammable. Slightly soluble in water.
  • Reactivity Profile1-Chloropropane presents a dangerous fire risk. May be incompatible with strong oxidizing and reducing agents. Incompatible with many amines, nitrides, azo/diazo compounds, alkali metals, and epoxides.
  • HazardHighly flammable, dangerous fire risk, explosive limits in air 2.5–11%. Irritant and nar- cotic.
  • Health HazardExposure can cause irritation of eyes, nose and throat. May cause nausea, headache, and vomiting. High concentrations may have a narcotic effect.
  • Safety ProfileA moderately poisonous irritant to skin, eyes, and mucous membranes. Narcotic in high concentrations. Flammable liquid and dangerous fire hazard when exposed to heat, flame, or oxiduers. Moderately explosive when exposed to flame. Keep away from heat and open flame; can react vigorously with oxilzing materials. To fight fire, use CO2, dry chemical. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of Cl-.
  • Purification MethodsDry the chloride with MgSO4 and fractionally distil. It can be more extensively purified using extraction with H2SO4 as for n-propyl bromide. Alternatively, Chien and Willard [J Am Chem Soc 75 6160 1953] passed a stream of oxygen containing about 5% ozone through the n-propyl chloride for three times as long as was needed to cause the first coloration of starch iodide paper by the exit gas. After washing with aqueous NaHCO3 to hydrolyse ozonides and remove organic acids, the chloride was dried with MgSO4 and fractionally distilled. [Beilstein 1 IV 189.]
1-Chloropropane Preparation Products And Raw materials
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