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Methazolamide Basic information
Methazolamide Chemical Properties
Safety Information
Methazolamide Usage And Synthesis
  • Chemical PropertiesWhite Solid
  • OriginatorNeptazane ,Lederle,US,1959
  • UsesMethazolamide is a carbonic anhydrase inhibitor. Methazolamide is used in the treatment of glaucoma.
  • UsesCNS & respiratory stimulant
  • UsesAction of this drug is similar to that of acetazolamide, and it is used for lowering intraocular pressure in treating wide-angle and secondary glaucoma, and before surgical intervention for severe wide-angle glaucoma.
  • Manufacturing ProcessA suspension of 6 parts by weight of 5-acetylimino-4-methyl-2- benzylmercapto-δ2-1,3,4-thiadiazoline in 180 parts by volume of 33% aqueous acetic acid was chlorinated at 5°C for 30 minutes. The solid was filtered off, dried, and added portion-wise to 100 parts by volume of liquid ammonia. The ammonia was removed under a stream of dry nitrogen.
    The residual solid was partially dissolved in 10 parts by volume of water, filtered, and acidified to give 5-acetylimino-4-methyl-δ2-1,3,4-thiadiazoline-2- sulfonamide. The product was purified by two recrystallizations from hot water.
  • Therapeutic FunctionCarbonic anhydrase inhibitor
  • Clinical UseMethazolamide is a derivative of acetazolamide in which one of the active hydrogens has been replaced by a methyl group. This decreases the polarity and permits a greater penetration into the ocular fluid, where it acts as a carbonic anhydrase inhibitor, reducing intraocular pressure. Its dose for glaucoma is 50 to 100 mg two to three times a day.
  • Chemical SynthesisMethazolamide, N-(4-methyl-2-sulfamoyl-1,3,4-thiadiazol-5-yliden) acetamide (21.2.3), is made by an intermediate product of acetazolamide synthesis— 2-acetylamino-5-mercapto-1,3,4-thadiazol (9.7.3). This is benzylated with benzylchloride at the mercapto group, forming 2-acetylamino-5-benzylthio-1,3,4-thiadiazole (21.2.1). Further methylation of the product with methyl iodide leads to the formation of N-(4-methyl- 2-benzylthio-1,3,4-thiadiazol-5-yliden)acetamide (21.2.2). Oxidation and simultaneous chlorination of the resulting product with chlorine in an aqueous solution of acetic acid, and reacting the resulting chlorosulfonic derivative with ammonia gives (21.2.3).

  • Veterinary Drugs and TreatmentsOrally administered methazolamide is used for the medical treatment of glaucoma.
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