thiocyanate Chemical Properties
- Melting point:168-169 °C
- storage temp. -20°C
- EPA Substance Registry SystemThiocyanate (302-04-5)
thiocyanate Usage And Synthesis
- UsesThiocyanate is one of the most important spectrophotometric reagents. The availability of the reagent and the simplicity of thiocyanate methods are responsible for its great popularity in analytical laboratories. Thiocyanate is principally used for determination of Fe(III), Mo, W, Nb, Re, Co, U, and Ti.
The determination of metals by thiocyanate is carried out in aqueous or aqueous-acetone media, or after extraction with oxygen-containing solvents. The extractability of metal complexes depends on the acidity of the medium, the concentration of thiocyanate, and the organic solvent. The more acidic is the aqueous phase, and the higher the thiocyanate concentration, the more thiocyanic acid (HSCN) is also extracted by the organic phase.
Stepwise formation of thiocyanate complexes gives cationic (e.g., FeSCN2+), neutral [e.g., Fe(SCN)3], and anionic [e.g., Fe(SCN)4-] species. The last is formed at high thiocyanate concentrations. With organic bases such as pyridine, tributylamine, and diantipyrylmethane, anionic thiocyanate complexes form ion-pairs which can be extracted into chloroform and other inert solvents.
Increased selectivity in the determination of metals by thiocyanate is obtained by the choice of acidity, thiocyanate concentration, masking agent, and metal oxidation state. For example, the presence of a reducing agent is necessary for colour reactions with Mo, W, and Re. The reducing medium precludes the colour reaction of thiocyanate with iron.
Thiocyanate methods vary widely in sensitivity. The methods for determining Te, Fe(III), and Nb are highly sensitive, whereas those for U and Co are less sensitive.
The colour stability of some thiocyanate systems is low (e.g., that with iron). This is connected with either the reducing properties of the thiocyanate or the slow polymerization of thiocyanic acid in acid solutions, which causes yellowing. Solvents miscible with water increase the colour intensity of thiocyanate complexes in aqueous solutions. This is apparently owing to the lowered dielectric constants of the media, which inhibit dissociation of the complexes.
Anionic thiocyanate complexes are extractable as ion-association species with basic dyes.
- Definitionthiocyanate: A salt or ester of thiocyanicacid.
- DefinitionChEBI: A pseudohalide anion obtained by deprotonation of the thiol group of thiocyanic acid.
- HazardRapid-acting poisons, thyrotoxic.
- Nickel(II) acetylacetonate Sodium thiosulfate Acetylacetone Ferric nitrate Ferrous chloride Ferrous sulfide Ferric acetylacetonate Lead(II) iodide Chromium hexacarbonyl IRON(II) CHLORIDE N-HYDRATE Ferrous acetate Ferrous chloride tetrahydrate IRON(II) CHLORIDE N-HYDRATE ISOCYANATE Potassium thiocyanate Ammonium thiocyanate Sodium thiocyanate Iron thiocyanate
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- Company Name:Nanjing Sai Ruirui Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
- Company Name:Shanghai Qumai Biological Technology Co., Ltd.
- Company Name:Riedel-de Haen AG
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