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Acryloyl chloride

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Acryloyl chloride Basic information
Acryloyl chloride Chemical Properties
  • Melting point:76 °C(Solv: isopropyl ether (108-20-3))
  • Boiling point:72-76 °C(lit.)
  • Density 1.119 g/mL at 20 °C
  • vapor density >1 (vs air)
  • vapor pressure 1.93 psi ( 20 °C)
  • refractive index n20/D 1.435(lit.)
  • Flash point:61 °F
  • storage temp. 2-8°C
  • Water Solubility Miscible with water.
  • Sensitive Moisture & Light Sensitive
  • BRN 635744
  • Stability:Stable, but reacts violently with water. Incompatible with alcohols, oxidizing agents, strong bases. Light-sensitive. Highly flammable.
  • CAS DataBase Reference814-68-6(CAS DataBase Reference)
  • NIST Chemistry Reference2-Propenoyl chloride(814-68-6)
  • EPA Substance Registry SystemAcrylyl chloride (814-68-6)
Safety Information
Acryloyl chloride Usage And Synthesis
  • Chemical PropertiesAcryloyl chloride is a highly flammable, polymerizable, and toxic (inhalation), light yellow liquid. A lacrimator.
  • Synthesis Reference(s)Journal of the American Chemical Society, 72, p. 72, 1950 DOI: 10.1021/ja01157a020
  • General DescriptionA liquid. Boiling point 75°C. Used to make plastics. Polymerization in a closed container can cause pressurization and explosive rupture.
  • Air & Water ReactionsPolymerizes readily upon exposure to oxygen in the air. Reacts exothermically with water to give hydrochloric acid and acrylic acid.
  • Reactivity ProfileAcrylyl chloride is incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, alcohols, amines, alkali. Polymerizes readily upon exposure to oxygen. May react vigorously or explosively if mixed with diisopropyl ether or other ethers in the presence of trace amounts of metal salts [J. Haz. Mat., 1981, 4, 291].
  • Fire HazardWhen heated to decomposition, Acrylyl chloride emits toxic fumes of chlorides. Decomposes in water.
  • Potential ExposureMay be used as a monomer in preparation of specialty polymers or as a chemical intermediate
  • ShippingUN3383 Poisonous Toxic by inhalation liquid, flammable, n.o.s. with an LC50 # 200 mL/m3 and saturated vapor concentration ≥500 LC50, Hazard class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poisonous materials, 3-Flammable liquid, Technical Name Required, Inhalation Hazard Zone A. UN2924 Flammable liquids, corrosive, n.o.s., Hazard Class: 3; Labels: 3-Flammable liquid, 8-Corrosive material, Technical Name Required
  • IncompatibilitiesUse MEHQ (monomethyl ether of hydroquinone) as an inhibitor. Incompatible with oxidizers, polymerizes on contact with oxygen; alcohols, amines, alkalis. Reacts violently with water, releasing hydrochloric acid and acrylic acid. Attacks some metals.
Acryloyl chloride Preparation Products And Raw materials
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