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Teneligliptin

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Teneligliptin Basic information
Teneligliptin Usage And Synthesis
  • Clinical UseTeneligliptin is a DPP-4 inhibitor which was approved in Japan in 2012 for the treatment of type II diabetes. It was discovered and developed by Mitsubishi Tanabe Pharma under the trade name Tenelia®. Similar to other marketed DPP-4 inhibitors, teneligliptin was well tolerated in all studies and QD dosing produced a long-lasting inhibitory action against DPP-4 and an increase in active GLP-1 levels, with very low rates of renal excretion.
  • Chemical SynthesisThe only reported synthesis of teneligliptin is described in the scheme below. Reaction of commercially available N-Boc-piperazine (158) with diketene (159) in DMF at room temperature gave acetoacetamide 160 in 86% yield, and this material was immediately condensed with phenylhydrazine in methanesulfonic acid followed by a cyclodehydration with phosphorus oxychloride to give pyrazole 161 in 12% yield. The t-butyl carbamate was then removed with TFA in dichloromethane to give amine 162 in 88% yield. This amine was then subjected to butyrolactam 165 (which was prepared from N-Boctrans- 4-hydroxy-L-proline (163) coupled with thiazolidine (164) under conventional amide-forming conditions using EDC) in the presence of sodium triacetoxy borohydride (STAB-H) in acetic acid. This reductive amination reaction afforded the cis-aminopyrrolidine 166 exclusively in 50% yield. Removal of the t-butyl carbamate group with TFA afforded the teneligliptin free amine in 93% yield, and this freebase was then subsequently treated with 48% hydrobromic acid in refluxing ethanol to give teleligliptin hydrobromide hydrate (XXV) in 90% yield.

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