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Unii-4bmh7izt98 Basic information
Unii-4bmh7izt98 Chemical Properties
  • Melting point:210-212°C
  • storage temp. Hygroscopic, -20°C Freezer, Under Inert Atmosphere
Safety Information
  • HS Code 2923100000
Unii-4bmh7izt98 Usage And Synthesis
  • DescriptionCholine fenofibrate, a salt formulation of fenofibric acid, is a lipid regulating agent available as delayed release capsules for oral administration. It is indicated in combination with a statin to reduce TG and increase high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) in patients with mixed dyslipidemia and coronary heart disease (CHD) or a CHD-risk equivalent who are optimal for statin therapy to achieve their lowdensity lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) goal. In addition, choline fenofibrate is indicated as monotherapy in patients with severe hypertriglyceridemia to reduce TG, and in patients with primary hyperlipidemia or mixed dyslipidemia to reduce elevated LDL-C, total cholesterol, TG, apolipoprotein B, and to increase HDL-C. Fenofibric acid is also the active metabolite of fenofibrate (Tricor), which has been previously marketed for the treatment of hypercholesterolemia and hypertriglyceridemia. The primary mode of action of fenofibric acid is through the activation of the nuclear transcription factor PPARa, predominantly expressed in tissues that metabolize fatty acids, such as the liver, kidney, heart, and muscle.
    On activation by binding of the fibrate, PPARa binds as heterodimers with retinoid X receptor (RXR), which subsequently recognizes and binds to specific PPARa-response elements leading to modulation of expression of the target genes. In particular, the activity of lipoprotein lipase is increased and synthesis of apoprotein C-III is decreased, which together enhance the clearance of circulating TG-rich lipoproteins. The resulting fall in TG produces an alteration in the size and composition of LDL from small dense particles to large buoyant particles. These larger particles have a greater affinity for cholesterol receptors and are catabolized rapidly. Choline fenofibriate acid is contraindicated in patients with severe renal impairment.
  • Chemical PropertiesWhite Solid
  • OriginatorAbbott (United States)
  • UsesA new formulation of fenofibric acid, ABT-335,
  • brand nameTriLipix
  • Side effectsThe most common adverse reactions observed with the use of fenofibric acid alone or in combination with a statin are headache, back pain, nasopharyngitis, nausea, myalgia, diarrhea, and upper respiratory tract infection.
  • Chemical SynthesisCholine To Market, To Market 2008 enofibrate is chemically derived from p-anisole in four steps through Friedel Crafts acylation with p-chlorobenzoyl chloride to the corresponding benzophenone derivative, followed by methyl ether cleavage with hydrogen bromide, alkylation of the phenolic hydroxyl group with 2-bromo-2-methylpropanoic acid using sodium hydroxide, and finally salt formation with choline.
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