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METHSCOPOLAMINE BROMIDE

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METHSCOPOLAMINE BROMIDE Basic information
METHSCOPOLAMINE BROMIDE Chemical Properties
Safety Information
MSDS
METHSCOPOLAMINE BROMIDE Usage And Synthesis
  • OriginatorPamine,Upjohn,US,1953
  • Usesanticholinergic
  • UsesMETHSCOPOLAMINE BROMIDE is the methylated derivative of Scopolamine (S200000), a muscarinic antagonist that is similar to acetylcholine. METHSCOPOLAMINE BROMIDE have been used for the treatment of peptic ulcers by reducing acid secretion of the stomach and is used to treat morning sickness.
  • DefinitionChEBI: A quaternary ammonium salt resulting from the reaction of the amino group of scopolamine with methyl bromide.
  • Manufacturing ProcessIn a one-liter separatory funnel, 94 g (0.215 mol) of scopolamine hydrobromide trihydrate was dissolved in 250 ml of water, made alkaline by shaking with 40 g (1 mol) of sodium hydroxide in 150 ml of water, and the free base immediately extracted with ether. As scopolamine is somewhat soluble in water, the aqueous layer was saturated with potassium carbonate and again extracted with ether. The combined ether extracts were dried over anhydrous magnesium sulfate and the ether removed by distillation, leaving 65 g (0.214 mol; 100% yield) of nearly colorless oil. Then 100 g (1.05 mols) of cold methyl bromide was added to a chilled, 500-ml pressure flask containing the 65 g of scopolamine, the flask stoppered tightly with a clamp, and allowed to stand at room temperature for 96 hours.
    The flask was cooled before opening, excess methyl bromide removed by filtration, and the white solid washed thoroughly with dry ether. The yield of crude scopolamine methyl bromide was 80g (94% yield; 93.5% over-all yield).
    The salt was recrystallized from 550 ml of alcohol; first crop, 70 g, MP 212° to 214°C; second crop, 6 g, MP 195° to 200°C. The combined crops were again recrystallized from 500 ml of 3-A alcohol; MP 210° to 212°C. The third recrystallization from 600 ml of alcohol yielded 64 g, MP 214° to 216°C, a 75% yield based on scopolamine hydrobromide trihydrate starting material.
  • Therapeutic FunctionSpasmolytic
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