Calciumdihydroxid Produkt Beschreibung

Calcium hydroxide  Struktur
1305-62-0
  • CAS-Nr.1305-62-0
  • Bezeichnung:Calciumdihydroxid
  • Englisch Name:Calcium hydroxide
  • Synonyma:Calciumdihydroxid;Marmorkalkhydrat;Gel?schter Kalk;L?schkalk
    calvit;limbux;limoid;Kemikal;Edelwit;Trulime;biocalc;Ca(OH)2;limemilk;bellmine
  • CBNumber:CB9853016
  • Summenformel:CaH2O2
  • Molgewicht:74.09
  • MOL-Datei:1305-62-0.mol
Calciumdihydroxid physikalisch-chemischer Eigenschaften
  • Schmelzpunkt: :580 °C
  • Siedepunkt: :2850 °C
  • Dichte :2.24 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
  • storage temp.  :Store at RT.
  • Löslichkeit :1.7g/l
  • Aggregatzustand :Solid
  • Farbe :White
  • PH :12.6 (H2O, 20℃)(saturated solution)
  • Wasserlöslichkeit :1.65 g/L (20 ºC)
  • Sensitive  :Air Sensitive
  • Merck  :14,1673
  • Solubility Product Constant (Ksp) :pKsp: 5.26
  • Stabilität: :Stable. Incompatible with strong acids.
  • CAS Datenbank :1305-62-0(CAS DataBase Reference)
  • NIST chemische Informationen :Calcium dihydroxide(1305-62-0)
  • EPA chemische Informationen :Calcium hydroxide (Ca(OH)2)(1305-62-0)
Sicherheit

Calcium hydroxide Chemische Eigenschaften,Einsatz,Produktion Methoden

  • ERSCHEINUNGSBILD FARBLOSE KRISTALLE ODER WEISSES PULVER.
  • CHEMISCHE GEFAHREN Zersetzung beim Erhitzen unter Bildung von Calciumoxid. Mittelstarke Base in wässriger Lösung. Reagiert sehr heftig mit Säuren. Greift viele Metalle in Gegenwart von Wasser an unter Bildung entzündlichen/explosionsfähigen Gases (Wasserstoff, s. ICSC-Nr. 0001).
  • ARBEITSPLATZGRENZWERTE TLV: 5 mg/m?(als TWA) (ACGIH 2005).
  • AUFNAHMEWEGE Aufnahme in den Körper durch Inhalation des Aerosols und durch Verschlucken.
  • INHALATIONSGEFAHREN Verdampfung bei 20°C vernachlässigbar; eine gesundheitsschädliche Partikelkonzentration in der Luft kann jedoch beim Dispergieren schnell erreicht werden.
  • WIRKUNGEN BEI KURZZEITEXPOSITION WIRKUNGEN BEI KURZZEITEXPOSITION:
    Die Substanz reizt die Atemwege und verätzt die Augen und die Haut. ärztliche Beobachtung notwendig.
  • WIRKUNGEN NACH WIEDERHOLTER ODER LANGZEITEXPOSITION Wiederholter oder andauernder Hautkontakt kann Dermatitis hervorrufen. Risiko der Lungenschädigung bei wiederholter oder längerer Exposition gegenüber Staubpartikeln.
  • LECKAGE Verschüttetes Material in Behältern sammeln. An sicheren Ort bringen. Persönliche Schutzausrüstung: Atemschutzgerät, P2-Filter für schädliche Partikel.
  • R-Sätze Betriebsanweisung: R41:Gefahr ernster Augenschäden.
    R34:Verursacht Verätzungen.
  • S-Sätze Betriebsanweisung: S26:Bei Berührung mit den Augen sofort gründlich mit Wasser abspülen und Arzt konsultieren.
    S39:Schutzbrille/Gesichtsschutz tragen.
    S45:Bei Unfall oder Unwohlsein sofort Arzt zuziehen (wenn möglich, dieses Etikett vorzeigen).
    S36/37/39:Bei der Arbeit geeignete Schutzkleidung,Schutzhandschuhe und Schutzbrille/Gesichtsschutz tragen.
    S27:Beschmutzte, getränkte Kleidung sofort ausziehen.
  • Beschreibung Calcium Hydroxide is a colorless crystal or white powder, obtained when CaO (called lime or quicklime) is mixed, or “slaked” with water. It can also be precipitated by mixing CaCl2 andNaOH.The nameof the natural,mineral formis “portlandite”. It is a relatively rare mineral, known from some volcanic, plutonic, and metamorphic rocks. It has also been known to be formed in burning coal dumps.
  • Chemische Eigenschaften Calcium hydroxide occurs as a white or almost white, crystalline or granular powder. It has a bitter, alkaline taste. Calcium hydroxide readily absorbs carbon dioxide to form calcium carbonate.
  • Verwenden calcium hydroxide is an inorganic base used to adjust the pH of a product, it can also serve as a topical astringent and alkali in solutions or lotions. It can burn the skin and eyes.
  • Verwenden Calcium hydroxide, a weak base, has many diverse uses. Among the most important ones are:Flocculants; Paints And Sealants; Mortar; Portland Cement Mortar; Lime Plaster
    Other uses that have occurred in industry include:
    An alkali used as a lye substitute (NaOH) in no-lye hair relaxers.
    1. A chemical depilatory agent found in Nair .
    2. A calcium supplement in mineral fortified baby formulas.
    3. A chemical reagent used to form a long-lasting fungicide.
    4. In “reef-aquariums” for adding bio-available calcium in solution for calcium-using animals such as algae, snails, tube worms and corals and also to increase the alkalinity of the water.
    5. In the tanning industry for neutralization of acid, the liming of hides and skins and the flocculation of resultant wastewater.
    6. In the oil industry for the manufacture of oil additives (salicatic, sulphatic, fenatic).
    7. In the chemical industry for manufacture of calcium stearate.
    8. In the food industry for processing water (for alcoholic and soft drinks).
    9. Used in the separation of sugar from sugar cane in the sugar industry.
    10. Used in the processing of Norwegian “Lutefisk”. Dried cod fish is soaked in a mixture of slaked lime and soda to produce a soft-fleshed fish fillet that is steamed or baked and served with potato “Lefse”.
    11. In the manufacture of brake ? pads, ebonite and pesticides.
    12. In dentistry, it is used as dressing in paste form used for antimicrobial effect during a dental root canal procedure. Calcium hydroxide is known to have a strong antimicrobial effect and is a boneregeneration stimulant.
    13. In the production of metals, lime is injected into the waste gas stream to neutralize acids, such as fluorides and chlorides prior to being released to atmosphere.
  • Verwenden Calcium Hydroxide is a general food additive made by adding water to calcium oxide (lime). it has poor water solubility with a solubility of 0.185 g in 100 g of water at 0°c. the ph of a water solution at 25°c is approximately 12.4. it is used to promote dispersion of ingre- dients in sauces, creamed spinach, and a frozen pea/potato dish. it is used at 0.1% to stabilize the potassium iodide of iodized salt, and it is used as a neutralizer for soured cream prior to buttermaking. it is also termed hydrated lime, calcium hydrate, and slaked lime.
  • Definition Lime water: A solution of calcium hydroxide in water. If carbon dioxide is bubbled through lime water a milky precipitate of calcium carbonate forms. Prolonged bubbling of carbon dioxide turns the solution clear again as a result of the formation of soluble calcium hydrogencarbonate (Ca(HCO3)2).
  • Vorbereitung Methode Calcium hydroxide is manufactured by adding water to calcium oxide, a process called slaking.
  • Allgemeine Beschreibung Odorless white granules. Sinks in water.
  • Air & Water Reaktionen Water soluble. The amount of heat generated by hydrolysis may be large.
  • Reaktivität anzeigen The nitroparaffins, nitromethane, nitropropane, etc. form salts with inorganic bases such as Calcium hydroxide . The dry salts are explosive [Chem. Eng. news 30:2344 1952]. Bases are chemically similar to sodium hydroxide (NaOH) or sodium oxide (Na2O). They neutralize acids exothermically to form salts plus water. When soluble in water they give solutions having a pH greater than 7.0. Mixing these materials with water can generate troublesome amounts of heat as the base is dissolved or diluted. Bases react with certain metals (such as aluminum and zinc) to form oxides or hydroxides of the metal and generate gaseous hydrogen. Bases may initiate polymerization reactions in polymerizable organic compounds, especially epoxides). They may generate flammable and/or toxic gases with ammonium salts, nitrides, halogenated organics, various metals, peroxides, and hydroperoxides. Materials of this group often serve as catalysts. A strong base. Forms caustic solution in water [Merck 11th ed. 1989].
  • Hazard Skin, eye, and upper respiratory tract irri- tant, avoid inhalation.
  • Health Hazard Dust irritates eyes, nose and throat.
  • Landwirtschaftliche Anwendung Calcium hydroxide, [Ca(OH)2], also called slaked lime or hydrated lime, is a white solid that dissolves sparingly in water. It is manufactured by adding water to calcium oxide, a process that emits heat and is known as slaking.
    Calcium hydroxide is a cheap alkali, used for neutralizing the acidity of acid soils and in the manufacture of mortar, white wash, bleaching powder and glass. It is an excellent absorbent for carbon dioxide to produce insoluble calcium carbonate and has a neutralizing value of 179%, compared to 100% of pure calcium carbonate.
  • Pharmazeutische Anwendungen Calcium hydroxide is a strong alkali and is used as a pharmaceutical pH adjuster/buffer and antacid in topical medicinal ointments, creams, lotions, and suspensions, often as an aqueous solution (lime water). It forms calcium soaps of fatty acids, which produce water-in-oil emulsions (calamine liniment), and it is also used as a topical astringent.
    Calcium hydroxide is a common cosmetic ingredient in hairstraightening and hair-removal products, and in shaving preparations.
    1) In dentistry, it is used as a filling agent and in dental pastes to encourage deposition of secondary dentine. Calcium hydroxide was traditionally used as an escharotic in Vienna Paste.
  • Sicherheitsprofil Mildly toxic by ingestion. A severe eye irritant. A skin, mucous membrane, and respiratory system irritant. Mutation data reported. Causes dermatitis. Dust is considered to be a significant industrial hazard. A common air contaminant. Violent reaction with maleic anhydride, nitroethane, nitromethane, nitroparaffins, nitropropane, phosphorus. Reaction with polychloiinated phenols + potassium nitrate forms extremely toxic products. See also CALCIUM COMPOUNDS
  • Sicherheit(Safety) Calcium hydroxide is used in oral and topical pharmaceutical formulations. It is mildly toxic by ingestion. In the pure state, calcium hydroxide is a severe skin, eye, and respiratory irritant, and it is corrosive, causing burns. Typical exposure limits are TVL 5 mg/m3 in air.
    LD50 (mouse, oral): 7.3 g/kg
    LD50 (rat, oral): 7.34 g/kg
  • mögliche Exposition Calcium hydroxide is used in agriculture and in fertilizer manufacture; it is used in the formulation of mortar, plasters, and cements; it is used as a scrubbing and neutralizing agent in the chemical industry. For making insecticides, acaricides, and products to control arthropods
  • Lager Calcium hydroxide should be stored in an airtight container, in a cool, dry, well-ventilated place. Calcium hydroxide powder may be sterilized by heating for 1 hour at a temperature of at least 1608℃.
  • Versand/Shipping UN3262 Corrosive solid, basic, inorganic, n.o.s., Hazard class: 8; Labels: 8-Corrosive material, Technical Name required
  • läuterung methode Heat analytical grade calcium carbonate at 1000o during 1hour. Allow the resulting oxide to cool and add slowly to water. Heat the suspension to boiling, cool and filter through a sintered glass funnel of medium porosity (to remove soluble alkaline impurities). Dry the solid at 110o and crush it to a uniformly fine powder. [Ehrlich in Handbook of Preparative Inorganic Chemistry (Ed. Brauer) Academic Press Vol I p 934 1963.]
  • Inkompatibilitäten Incompatible with strong acids, maleic anhydride, phosphorus, nitroethane, nitromethane, nitroparaffins, and nitropropane. Calcium hydroxide can be corrosive to some metals.
  • Waste disposal Landfill or admixture with acid industrial wastes prior to lagooning
  • Regulatory Status GRAS listed. Accepted for use as a food additive in Europe. Included in the FDA Inactive Ingredients Database (intravenous and subcutaneous injections; oral suspensions and tablets; topical emulsions and creams). Included in parenteral preparations licensed in the UK.
Calcium hydroxide Upstream-Materialien And Downstream Produkte
Upstream-Materialien
Downstream Produkte
Calciumdihydroxid Anbieter Lieferant Produzent Hersteller Vertrieb Händler.
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1305-62-0, Calcium hydroxide Verwandte Suche:
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  • CALCIUM HYDROXIDE, REAGENT (ACS)CALCIUM HYDROXIDE, REAGENT (ACS)CALCIUM HYDROXIDE, REAGENT (ACS)
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  • EMPROVE(R) CalciuM Hydroxide, Precipitated, Extra Pure, USP, FCC
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  • CalciuM hydroxide, for analysis ACS, 95+% 1KG
  • CalciuM hydroxide, 99.995%, (trace Metal basis)
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  • POTASSIUM PERSULFATE ACS GRADE
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