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3-Cyanopyridine Basic information
3-Cyanopyridine Chemical Properties
  • Melting point:48-52 °C(lit.)
  • Boiling point:201 °C(lit.)
  • Density 1.159
  • refractive index 1.5242 (estimate)
  • Flash point:184 °F
  • storage temp. Store below +30°C.
  • solubility 140g/l
  • pkapK1:1.45(+1) (25°C)
  • form Crystalline Mass, Crystals or Chunks
  • color Colorless or white to yellow
  • Water Solubility 140 g/L (20 ºC)
  • BRN 107711
  • Stability:Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, strong reducing agents, strong acids, strong bases.
  • CAS DataBase Reference100-54-9(CAS DataBase Reference)
  • NIST Chemistry Reference3-Pyridinecarbonitrile(100-54-9)
  • EPA Substance Registry System3-Pyridinecarbonitrile (100-54-9)
Safety Information
3-Cyanopyridine Usage And Synthesis
  • Chemical Propertieswhite to beige solid
  • Chemical PropertiesThe cyanopyridines are as follows: 2-cyano-: A white to tan liquid or solid. Almond odor. Boiling point=2213℃ ; freezing/melting point=27℃ ; flash point=89℃ . 3-cyano-: a colorless liquid or gray crystal- line solid.
  • DefinitionChEBI: A nitrile that is pyridine substituted by a cyano group at position 3.
  • Synthesis Reference(s)Tetrahedron Letters, 29, p. 2155, 1988 DOI: 10.1016/S0040-4039(00)86697-6
  • Potential ExposureLimits in Air NIOSH IDLH525 mg/m3 NIOSH REL: (nitriles) 2 ppm, Ceiling Concentration, not to be exceeded in any 15-minute work period.
  • ShippingUN3276 Nitriles, liquid, toxic, n.o.s., Hazard Class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poisonous materials, Technical Name Required, Potential Inhalation Hazard (Special Provision 5).
  • Purification MethodsIt is recrystallised to constant melting point from o-xylene/hexane. [Beilstein 22/2 V 115.]
  • IncompatibilitiesOxidizing agents, such as perchlorates, peroxides, and permanganates. Nitriles may polymerize in the presence of metals and some metal compounds. They are incompatible with acids; mixing nitriles with strong oxidizing acids can lead to extremely violent reactions. Nitriles are generally incompatible with other oxidizing agents such as peroxides and epoxides. The combination of bases and nitriles can produce hydrogen cyanide. Nitriles are hydrolyzed in both aqueous acid and base to give car- boxylic acids (or salts of carboxylic acids). These reactions generate heat. Peroxides convert nitriles to amides. Nitriles can react vigorously with reducing agents. Acetonitrile and propionitrile are soluble in water, but nitriles higher than propionitrile have low aqueous solubility. They are also insoluble in aqueous acids .
3-Cyanopyridine Preparation Products And Raw materials
3-Cyanopyridine(100-54-9)Related Product Information
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