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Basic information Description Reference Safety Related Supplier
POTASSIUM NITRITE Basic information
POTASSIUM NITRITE Chemical Properties
  • Melting point:350 °C (dec.)(lit.)
  • Boiling point:explodes at 537℃ [HAW93]
  • Density 1,92 g/cm3
  • vapor density 2.9 (vs air)
  • storage temp. Store at +5°C to +30°C.
  • solubility water: soluble0.35 part
  • form Solid
  • color White to slightly yellow
  • Specific Gravity1.915
  • OdorOdorless
  • PH Range7 - 10
  • PH7-10 (50g/l, H2O, 20℃)
  • Water Solubility Soluble in water, hot alcohol, liquid NH{3}Soluble in water, alcohol and ammonia.
  • Sensitive Hygroscopic
  • Merck 14,7649
  • Stability:Stability Stable, but strong oxidizer - contact with combustible material may lead to fire. Incompatible with strong reducing agents, strong acids, combustible materials, cyanides, ammonium salts.
  • CAS DataBase Reference7758-09-0(CAS DataBase Reference)
  • EPA Substance Registry SystemPotassium nitrite (7758-09-0)
Safety Information
  • Hazard Codes O,T,N
  • Risk Statements 8-25-50
  • Safety Statements 45-61
  • RIDADR UN 1488 5.1/PG 2
  • WGK Germany 2
  • RTECS TT3750000
  • TSCA Yes
  • HS Code 2834 10 00
  • HazardClass 5.1
  • PackingGroup II
  • Hazardous Substances Data7758-09-0(Hazardous Substances Data)
  • ToxicityLD50 orally in rabbits: 108 mg anion/kg, Dollahite, Rowe, Southwest. Vet. 27, 246 (1974)
  • DescriptionPotassium is the nitrite salt of potassium, appearing as a yellowish white crystalline solid. As a strong oxidizer, it may promote combustion and even explosion of other materials. In medical field, it is used for the treatment of angina pectoris. It is also applied during the manufacturing of heat transfer salts. Moreover, it is also a kind of food additive as a preservative. In addition, it can also be used as a paint and coating additive, analytic agents, corrosion inhibitors and anti-scaling agent. In chemical industry, it has the following applications: Manufacture Of Pigment Yellow 40, cinitapride and many other drugs, butadiene distillation, production of D-saccharic acid, dissolution of tungston, recovery of bromine and separation of cobalt from cobalt nickel solutions.
  • Reference
  • Chemical Propertieswhite to yellow crystals
  • Chemical PropertiesPotassium nitrite is a white to yellowish crystalline solid.
  • Physical propertiesWhite or slight yellow prismatic granules; deliquesc; density 1.915 g/cm3;melts at 440°C; decomposition starts at 350°C; very soluble in water, 281 g/100mL at 0°C; much more soluble in boiling water, 413 g/100mL at 100°C;aqueous solution is alkaline; slightly soluble in cold alcohol but moderately solublel in hot alcohol; very soluble in liquid ammonia; decomposes in acids,liberating brown NO2fumes.
  • UsesPotassium Nitrite is a color fixative in meats which exists as white or yellowish granules or cylindrical sticks. it is very soluble in water. see nitrite.
  • UsesIn analytical chemistry.
  • UsesUsed as a reagent (diazotizing) in organic chemistry.
  • Definitionpotassium nitrite: A white orslightly yellow deliquescent solid,KNO2, soluble in water and insolublein ethanol; r.d. 1.91; m.p. 440°C; mayexplode at 600°C. Potassium nitrite isprepared by the reduction of potassiumnitrate. It reacts with cold dilutemineral acids to give nitrousacid and is also able to behave as areducing agent (if oxidized to the nitrate)or as an oxidizing agent (if reducedto nitrogen). It is used inorganic synthesis because of its partin diazotization, and in detecting thepresence of the amino groups in organiccompounds.
  • PreparationPotassium nitrite may be prepared by fusion of nitrate with lead:
    KNO3+ Pb →KNO2+ PbO
    The product is extracted with water and allowed to crystallize. Filtration separates nitrite from insoluble lead oxide.
    Potassium nitrite also may be obtained by high temperature thermal decomposition of nitrate:
    2KNO3→2KNO2+ O2↑.
  • Production MethodsPotassium nitrite, KNO2, yellowish-white solid, soluble, for med (1) by reaction of nitric oxide plus nitrogen tetroxide and potassium carbonate or hydroxide, and then evaporating, (2) by heating potassium nitrate and lead to a high temperature and then extracting the soluble portion (lead monoxide insoluble) with H2O, and evaporating.
  • General DescriptionA yellowish white crystalline solid. Noncombustible but accelerates the burning of all combustible material. If large quantities are involved in fire or if the combustible material is finely divided, an explosion may result. May explode under prolonged exposure to heat. Toxic oxides of nitrogen are produced in fires. Used to make other chemicals and in chemical analysis.
  • Air & Water ReactionsWater soluble.
  • Reactivity ProfilePOTASSIUM NITRITE is an oxidizing agent. Mixtures with phosphorus, tin(II) chloride or other reducing agents may react explosively [Bretherick 1979 p. 108-109]. Contamination by ammonium compounds can initiate spontaneous decomposition. The resulting heat may ignite surrounding combustible material. Reacts with acids to form toxic nitrogen dioxide gas. Mixing with liquid ammonia forms diPOTASSIUM NITRITE, which is very reactive and easily explosive [Mellor 2, Supp. 3:1566 1963]. Melting together with an ammonium salt leads to a violent explosion [Von Schwartz 1918 p. 299]. A mixture with potassium cyanide may cause an explosion. When a little ammonium sulfate is added to fused POTASSIUM NITRITE, a vigorous reaction occurs attended by flame [Mellor 2:702. 1946-47].
  • HazardFire and explosion risk when shocked or heated, or in contact with organic materials, strong oxidizing agent.
  • Health HazardInhalation, ingestion or contact (skin, eyes) with vapors or substance may cause severe injury, burns or death. Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may cause pollution.
  • Fire HazardThese substances will accelerate burning when involved in a fire. Some may decompose explosively when heated or involved in a fire. May explode from heat or contamination. Some will react explosively with hydrocarbons (fuels). May ignite combustibles (wood, paper, oil, clothing, etc.). Containers may explode when heated. Runoff may create fire or explosion hazard.
  • Safety ProfilePoison by ingestion. Human systemic effects: tinnitus, pulse rate increase, blood pressure lowering. Experimental teratogenic and reproductive effects. Nitrites have been implicated in an increased incidence of cancer. Mutation data reported. Flammable when exposed to heat or flame. A powerful oxidzing material. Slight explosion hazard when exposed to heat. It wdl explode at 1000°F. Explosive reaction with potassium amide + heat, potassium cyanide or other cyanide salts + heat. Violent reaction or ignition with ammonium salts (e.g., ammonium sulfate), boron. Disproportionates on heating in the absence of air forming KNO3 and K2O and evolving N2. Upon decomposition it emits toxic fumes of K2O. See also NITRITES.
  • Potential ExposurePotassium nitrite is used in chemical analysis, as a food additive; in fertilizers; in medications as a vasodilator and as antidote for cyanide poisoning.
  • ShippingUN1488 Potassium nitrite, Hazard Class: 5.1; Labels: 5.1-Oxidizer. UN1479 Oxidizing solid, n.o.s., Hazard Class: 5.1; Labels: 5.1-Oxidizer, Technical Name Required.
  • Purification MethodsA saturated solution at 0o is warmed and partially evaporated under vacuum. The crystals so obtained are filtered off from the warm solution. (This procedure is designed to reduce the level of nitrate impurity and is based on the effects of temperature on solubility. The solubility of KNO3 in water is 13g/100mL at 0o, 247g/100mL at 100o; for KNO2 the corresponding figures are 280g/100mL and 413g/100mL.) Alternatively, dissolve it in H2O and precipitate by adding of EtOH.
  • IncompatibilitiesA strong oxidizer. Reacts violently with combustible and reducing materials. Heat above 530 ? C may cause explosion. Incompatible with cyanide salts; boron, ammonium sulfate; potassium amide; and acids. Decomposes on contact with even weak acids producing toxic nitrogen oxide fumes.
POTASSIUM NITRITE Preparation Products And Raw materials
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