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2-Nitrochlorobenzene Basic information
2-Nitrochlorobenzene Chemical Properties
  • Melting point:31-33 °C(lit.)
  • Boiling point:246 °C(lit.)
  • Density 1.348 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
  • vapor density 5.4 (vs air)
  • vapor pressure 0.04 mm Hg ( 25 °C)
  • refractive index 1.5520 (estimate)
  • Flash point:>230 °F
  • storage temp. Store below +30°C.
  • solubility alcohol: soluble
  • form Fused Crystalline Mass
  • color Yellow
  • PH6 (0.4g/l, H2O, 20℃)
  • explosive limit1.15-13.1%(V)
  • Water Solubility 0.43 g/L (20 ºC)
  • Merck 14,2151
  • BRN 509273
  • Stability:Stable. Combustible. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, reducing agents, strong bases, alkali metals.
  • CAS DataBase Reference88-73-3(CAS DataBase Reference)
  • IARC2B (Vol. 65, 123) 2020
  • NIST Chemistry ReferenceBenzene, 1-chloro-2-nitro-(88-73-3)
  • EPA Substance Registry Systemo-Chloronitrobenzene (88-73-3)
Safety Information
2-Nitrochlorobenzene Usage And Synthesis
  • Chemical Propertiesyellow solid with a characteristic odour
  • UsesIntermediate, especially for dyes.
  • UsesChemical intermediate in manufacture of dyes, picric acid, lumber preservatives, and diaminophenol hydrochloride (a photographic developer)
  • General DescriptionYellow crystals with an aromatic odor. Sinks in water.
  • Air & Water Reactions2-Nitrochlorobenzene may be sensitive to prolonged exposure to air and light. Insoluble in water.
  • Reactivity ProfileO-NITROCHLOROBENZENE is incompatible with strong bases and strong oxidizing agents. 2-Nitrochlorobenzene will react with ammonia.
  • HazardToxic by inhalation and ingestion. Combustible. Questionable carcinogen.
  • Health HazardINHALATION: Headache, languour, anemia. Irritation of nose and throat, cyanosis, shallow respiration, convulsions, and coma. EYES: Irritation. SKIN: Irritation. INGESTION: Forms methemoglobin giving rise to cyanosis and blood changes.
  • Safety ProfileSuspected carcinogen with experimental carcinogenic and neoplastigenic data. Poison by ingestion, skin contact, and probably inhalation. Combustible when exposed to heat or flame. To fight fire, use water, foam. Potentially explosive reaction with ammonia at 160℃/30 bar. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of Cl-, NOx, and phosgene. See also other chloronitrobenzene entries and NITRO COMPOUNDS of AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS.
  • Purification MethodsCrystallise it from EtOH, MeOH or pentane (charcoal). [Beilstein 5 IV 721.]
2-Nitrochlorobenzene Preparation Products And Raw materials
2-Nitrochlorobenzene(88-73-3)Related Product Information