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2-Acetonaphthone

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2-Acetonaphthone Basic information
2-Acetonaphthone Chemical Properties
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2-Acetonaphthone Usage And Synthesis
  • DescriptionMethyl β-naphthyl ketone has an odor suggestive of orange blossom with a strawberry-like flavor. It may be prepared by Friedel- Crafts reaction of naphthalene, acetyl chloride and AlCl3.
  • Chemical PropertiesMethyl β-napthyl ketone has a floral, neroli odor suggestive of orange blossom and a strawberry-like flavor
  • Chemical PropertiesWhite powder
  • Chemical Properties2-Acetonaphthone smells similar to orange blossomand is a colorless crystalline solid (mp 56 °C). It is usually prepared by Friedel–Crafts acetylation of naphthalene (with acetyl chloride, acetic anhydride, etc.) in the presence of aluminumchloride. In polar solvents (e.g., nitrobenzene), the percentage of the simultaneously formed ??-isomer is lower. Methyl 2-naphthyl ketone is used in eau de cologne, soap perfumes, and detergents. It is a good fixative.
  • Uses2-Acetonaphthone is a flavoring agent that is a crystalline solid (white or nearly white) with orange blossom-like odor. It is soluble in most fixed oils, slightly soluble in mineral oil and propylene glycol, and insoluble in glycerin. It is obtained by chemical synthesis.
  • DefinitionChEBI: A naphthyl ketone that is naphthalene substituted at position 2 by an acetyl group.
  • PreparationPrepared by Friedel–Crafts reaction of naphthalene, acetyl chloride and AlCl3.
  • Synthesis Reference(s)Journal of the American Chemical Society, 99, p. 3101, 1977 DOI: 10.1021/ja00451a041
    The Journal of Organic Chemistry, 55, p. 319, 1990 DOI: 10.1021/jo00288a054
    Tetrahedron Letters, 19, p. 147, 1978 DOI: 10.1016/S0040-4039(01)85068-1
  • Safety ProfileModerately toxic by ingestion. A human skin irritant. Flammable liquid. When heated to decomposition it emits acrid smoke and fumes
  • Purification MethodsSeparate it from the 1-isomer by fractional crystallisation of the picrate in EtOH (see entry for the 1-isomer above) to m 82o. Decomposition of the picrate with dilute NaOH and extraction with Et2O, then evaporation, give purer 2-acetylnaphthalene. If this residue solidifies, it can be recrystallised from pet ether, EtOH or acetic acid; otherwise it should be distilled in a vacuum and the solid distillate is recrystallised [Gorman & Rodgers J Am Chem Soc 108 5074 1986, Levanon et al. J Phys Chem 91 14 1987]. Purity should be checked by high field NMR spectroscopy. Its oxime has m 145o(dec), and the semicarbazone has m 235o. [Stobbe & Lenzer Justus Liebigs Ann Chem 380 95 1911, Raffauf J Am Chem Soc 72 753 1950, Hunsberger J Am Chem Soc 72 5626 1950, Immediata & Day J Org Chem 5 512 1940, Beilstein 7 IV 1294.]
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