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D(+)-Carvone Basic information
D(+)-Carvone Chemical Properties
  • Melting point:88.9°C
  • alpha 57 º (c=neat)
  • Boiling point:96-98 °C10 mm Hg(lit.)
  • Density 0.960 g/mL at 20 °C(lit.)
  • FEMA 2249 | CARVONE
  • refractive index n20/D 1.499
  • Flash point:204 °F
  • storage temp. ?20°C
  • solubility 1300mg/l
  • form Liquid
  • color Clear colorless to pale yellow
  • optical activity[α]23/D +55.0±7°, neat
  • Water Solubility <0.1 g/100 mL at 25 ºC
  • JECFA Number380
  • Merck 14,1874
  • BRN 2042970
  • Stability:Stable. Combustible. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, strong reducing agents.
  • CAS DataBase Reference2244-16-8(CAS DataBase Reference)
  • NIST Chemistry Reference2-Cyclohexen-1-one, 2-methyl-5-(1-methylethenyl)-, (S)-(2244-16-8)
  • EPA Substance Registry SystemD-Carvone (2244-16-8)
Safety Information
  • Hazard Codes Xi
  • Risk Statements 22
  • Safety Statements 24/25
  • RIDADR 2810
  • WGK Germany 1
  • RTECS OS8670000
  • 8-9-23
  • Hazard Note Irritant
  • TSCA Yes
  • HazardClass 6.1(a)
  • PackingGroup II
  • HS Code 29142900
  • ToxicityLD50 oral in rat: 3710uL/kg
D(+)-Carvone Usage And Synthesis
  • Chemical Propertiescolourless or pale yellow liquid
  • Chemical PropertiesCarvone is a pale yellow to white clear liquid.
  • Chemical PropertiesCaravone occurs in different forms. l-Carvone exhibits odor of spearmint, while d-carvone exhibits odor reminiscent of caraway.
  • OccurrenceThe optically active and inactive forms have been reported among the constituents of about 70 essential oils. The dextro form is present in carvi, Antheum graveolens, Antheum sowa, Lippia carviodora, Mentha arvensis, etc. The levo form is present in Metha vifidis var. crispa, Mentha longifolia from South Africa, Eucalyptus globules and several mint species. The racemic form is present in ginger grass, Litsea gutalemaleusis, lavender and Artemisia ferganensis. Reported found in citrus oil and juice (lemon, lime, orange), celery seed, anise, clove, coriander seed, calamus, caraway herb and dill seed.
  • DefinitionChEBI: A carvone having (S) configuration.
  • Aroma threshold valuesDetection: d-Carvone: 6.7 to 820 ppb; l-carvone: 2.7 to 600 ppb
  • General DescriptionPale yellow or colorless liquid.
  • Air & Water ReactionsMay be sensitive to prolonged exposure to light and air. Insoluble in water.
  • Reactivity ProfileD(+)-Carvone may be sensitive to prolonged exposure to light and air. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents and strong reducing agents
  • Fire HazardD(+)-Carvone is combustible.
  • Safety ProfilePoison by ingestion and skin contact. A skin irritant. When heated to decomposition it emits acrid smoke and irritating fumes.
  • Chemical SynthesisCarvone occurs in the dextro, levo and racemic form; l-carvone can be isolated from the essential oil of spearmint or is commercially synthesized from d-limonene; d-carvone is usually prepared by fractional distillation of oil of caraway, also from dillseed and dillweed oils, but this type differs in odor and flavors.
  • Potential ExposureCarvone is found in various natural oils, including caraway and dillseed; mandarin peel and spearmint oils. A food additive, it is used in flavoring liqueurs; in perfumes and soaps.
  • ShippingUN2810 Toxic liquids, organic, n.o.s., Hazard Class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poisonous materials, Technical Name Required
  • IncompatibilitiesIncompatible with oxidizers (chlorates, nitrates, peroxides, permanganates, perchlorates, chlorine, bromine, fluorine, etc.); contact may cause fires or explosions. Keep away from alkaline materials, strong bases, strong acids, oxoacids, epoxides.
D(+)-Carvone Preparation Products And Raw materials
D(+)-Carvone(2244-16-8)Related Product Information
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