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Triphenyltin acetate

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Triphenyltin acetate Basic information
Triphenyltin acetate Chemical Properties
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Triphenyltin acetate Usage And Synthesis
  • UsesTriphenyltin Acetate is an organotin compound. Triphenyltin Acetate much like its hydroxide analogue is used as a fungicide and antifeeding compound for insect control. Recent studies show that Triphenyltin Acetate may have adverse effects on the reproductive and immune systems and may disrupt the endocrine system.
  • UsesFentin is a non-systemic fungicide with protective and curative action. It is used to control early and late blight in potatoes and a range of diseases in vegetables, sugar beet, peanuts, wheat, coffee, cocoa and pecans. It is also used to control algae and snails in rice fields. Fentin has previously been used as an antifoulant in marine paint.
  • DefinitionChEBI: An organotin compound that is the O-acetyl derivative of triphenyltin hydroxide. A fungicide used to control blights on potatoes, leaf spot diseases on sugar beet and anthracnose on beans.
  • General DescriptionA white crystalline solid. Melting point 123-131°C (253-268°F). Used as a fungicide, algaecide and molluscicide. Controls early and late blight on potatoes.
  • Air & Water ReactionsSlowly oxidized, hydrolyzed when exposed to air and moisture.
  • Reactivity ProfileACETOXYTRIPHENYLSTANNANE is subject to decomposition when exposed to air, light and moisture [EPA, 1998].
  • Health HazardVery toxic, irritant to skin.
  • Fire HazardAvoid air, light and moisture.
  • Safety ProfilePoison by ingestion, intraperitoneal, intravenous, and subcutaneous routes. Moderately toxic by skin contact. Questionable carcinogen with experimental neoplastigenic data. An experimental teratogen. Other experimental reproductive effects. A fungicide and algicide used as a wood preservative. When heated to decomposition it emits acrid smoke and Sn' fumes. See also TIN COMPOUNDS.
  • Metabolic pathwayFentin is degraded in soil and other biological media to give inorganic tin via the di- and mono-phenyltin compounds; often the resulting benzene is liberated. An extensive review on the metabolism and fate and behaviour of triphenyltin and its degradation products was published by Bock (1981). Fentin hydroxide has been the subject of an evaluation by the Pesticide Safety Directorate of UK MAFF (PSD, 1990).
  • DegradationFentin acetate is stable when dry but easily hydrolysed to fentin hydroxide in the presence of water. It is unstable in acids and alkalis (DT50 <3 hours at pH 5, 7 or 9; 22 °C) and ionises to the triphenyltin cation. Triphenyltin compounds are converted rapidly and quantitatively into the hydroxide by alkali. Diphenyltin compounds (2) (see Scheme 1) react similarly but the hydroxide quickly loses water forming the oxide. Diphenyltin chloride initially hydrolyses to (C6H5),Sn(OH)Cl which forms compound 3 when dissociated and then the oxide is formed via dimeric intermediates. Diphenyltin compounds also split off phenyl groups as benzene (4) under the influence of water, acids or bases. Monophenyltin compounds (5) are also converted by alkali into the hydroxide which immediately loses water to form phenylstannonic acid (C6H5SnOOH) (6). In aqueous solution and at room temperature, triphenyltin compounds decompose at a slow rate, losing phenyl groups as benzene. The acetate is decomposed by sunlight and atmospheric oxygen. Phenyltin compounds are slowly decomposed by sunlight and more rapidly by UV light to give inorganic tin via the di- and mono-phenyltin compounds (PM; Bock, 1981).
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