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ChemicalBook > CAS DataBase List > Ethanol

Ethanol

  • $0 - $17510
  • Product name:Ethanol
  • CAS:64-17-5
  • MF: C2H6O
  • MW:46.07
  • EINECS:200-578-6
  • MDL Number:MFCD08064666
  • Synonyms:ALCOHOL DENAT.;ETHYL ALCOHOL, ANHYDROUS, 200 PROOF, 99.5+%;ETHYL ALCOHOL, REAGENT, ANHYDROUS, DENAT URED;ETHANOL, DENATURATED 'S15';ETHANOL CONTROL-H;ETHANOL 200 PROOF HPLC/SPECTROPHOTOME&;ETHANOL STANDARD SOLUTION (10% V/V);TOYOPEARL SUPER Q-650M, 250ML
Price
  • Brand:Sigma-Aldrich
  • Product number:E-045
  • Product nameEthanol-40
  • Purity:40 mg/dL in H2O, ampule of 10 × 1.2 mL, certified reference material
  • Packaging:045-10x1.2ml
  • Price:$39.3
  • Updated:2020/8/18 13:37:41
  • Buy:Buy
  • Brand:Sigma-Aldrich
  • Product number:E-040
  • Product nameEthanol-10
  • Purity:10 mg/dL in H2O, pack of 10 × 1.2 mL ampules, certified reference material
  • Packaging:040-10x1.2ml
  • Price:$39.3
  • Updated:2020/8/18 13:37:41
  • Buy:Buy
  • Brand:Sigma-Aldrich
  • Product number:E-056
  • Product nameEthanol-20 (10 ampules/kit)
  • Purity:20 mg/dL in H2O, ampule of 10 × 1.2 mL, certified reference material
  • Packaging:056-10x1.2ml
  • Price:$39.3
  • Updated:2020/8/18 13:37:41
  • Buy:Buy
  • Brand:Sigma-Aldrich
  • Product number:E-053
  • Product nameEthanol-500
  • Purity:500 mg/dL in H2O, ampule of 10 × 1.2 mL, certified reference material
  • Packaging:053-10x1.2ml
  • Price:$39.3
  • Updated:2020/8/18 13:37:41
  • Buy:Buy
  • Brand:Sigma-Aldrich
  • Product number:E-029
  • Product nameEthanol-50
  • Purity:50 mg/dL in H2O, ampule of 10 × 1.2 mL, certified reference material
  • Packaging:029-10x1.2ml
  • Price:$39.3
  • Updated:2020/8/18 13:37:41
  • Buy:Buy
Properties
  • Melting point:-114°C
  • Boiling point:78°C
  • Density 0.789 g/mL at 20 °C
  • vapor density 1.59 (vs air)
  • vapor pressure 43 mmHg at 20 °C
  • FEMA 2419 | ETHYL ALCOHOL
  • refractive index 1.3614
  • Flash point:12°C
  • storage temp. room temp
  • solubility water: soluble (completely)
  • pka16(at 25℃)
  • form Liquid. Colorless liquid / invisible vapor.
  • color APHA: ≤10
  • Specific Gravity0.80872~0.81601
  • OdorPleasant alcoholic odor detectable at 49 to 716 ppm (mean = 180 ppm)
  • Relative polarity0.654
  • PH7.0 (10g/l, H2O, 20℃)
  • explosive limit3.1-27.7%(V)(ethanol)
  • Odor Threshold0.52ppm
  • Water Solubility miscible
  • Sensitive Hygroscopic
  • λmaxλ: 240 nm Amax: 0.40
    λ: 250 nm Amax: 0.30
    λ: 260 nm Amax: 0.30
    λ: 270 nm Amax: 0.10
    λ: 340 nm Amax: 0.10
  • JECFA Number41
  • Merck 14,3760
  • BRN 1718733
  • Exposure limitsTLV-TWA 1900 mg/m3 (1000 ppm) (ACGIH).
  • Stability:Stable. Substances to be avoided include strong oxidizing agents, peroxides, acids, acid chlorides, acid anhydrides, alkali metals, ammonia, moisture. Forms explosive mixtures with air. Hygroscopic.
  • CAS DataBase Reference64-17-5(CAS DataBase Reference)
  • NIST Chemistry ReferenceEthanol(64-17-5)
  • IARC1 (Vol. 96, 100E) 2012
  • EPA Substance Registry SystemEthanol (64-17-5)
Safety Information
  • Symbol(GHS)
  • Signal wordDanger
  • Hazard statements
  • H225:Highly Flammable liquid and vapour
  • H226:Flammable liquid and vapour
  • H302:Harmful if swallowed
  • H313:May be harmful in contact with skin
  • H319:Causes serious eye irritation
  • H333:May be harmful if inhaled
  • H370:Causes damage to organs
  • H371:May cause damage to organs
  • H402:Harmful to aquatic life
  • H412:Harmful to aquatic life with long lasting effects
  • Precautionary statements
  • P210:Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. — No smoking.
  • P260:Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
  • P280:Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
  • P311:Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
  • P301+P310:IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
  • P303+P361+P353:IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off Immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse SKIN with water/shower.
  • P305+P351+P338:IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continuerinsing.
  • P337+P313:IF eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/attention.
  • P370+P378:In case of fire: Use … for extinction.
  • P405:Store locked up.
  • P403+P235:Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.

Description

It is used as an antiseptic, a solvent, a fuel, and, due to its low freezing point, the active fluid in post-mercury thermometers. It is used as an antitussive agent, fuel additive, rocket fuel, used to dissolve many water-insoluble medications. Ethanol kills organisms by denaturing their proteins and dissolving their lipids and is effective against most bacteria and fungi, and many viruses.


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