(8S-cis)-10-[(3-Amino-2,3,6-tridesoxy-α-L-lyxo-hexopyranosyl)oxy]-7,8,9,10-tetrahydro-6,8,11-trihydroxy-8-(hydroxyacetyl)-1-methoxynaphthacen-5,12-dionhydrochlorid Produkt Beschreibung

Doxorubicin hydrochloride Struktur
  • CAS-Nr.25316-40-9
  • Bezeichnung:(8S-cis)-10-[(3-Amino-2,3,6-tridesoxy-α-L-lyxo-hexopyranosyl)oxy]-7,8,9,10-tetrahydro-6,8,11-trihydroxy-8-(hydroxyacetyl)-1-methoxynaphthacen-5,12-dionhydrochlorid
  • Englisch Name:Doxorubicin hydrochloride
  • Synonyma:(8S-cis)-10-[(3-Amino-2,3,6-tridesoxy-α-L-lyxo-hexopyranosyl)oxy]-7,8,9,10-tetrahydro-6,8,11-trihydroxy-8-(hydroxyacetyl)-1-methoxynaphthacen-5,12-dionhydrochlorid
    ADR;DOX;Caely;CAELYX;FI 106;fi6804;DOX HCl;Lipodox;ADRIACIN;Ardriamycin
  • CBNumber:CB0110633
  • Summenformel:C27H30ClNO11
  • Molgewicht:579.98
  • MOL-Datei:25316-40-9.mol
(8S-cis)-10-[(3-Amino-2,3,6-tridesoxy-α-L-lyxo-hexopyranosyl)oxy]-7,8,9,10-tetrahydro-6,8,11-trihydroxy-8-(hydroxyacetyl)-1-methoxynaphthacen-5,12-dionhydrochlorid physikalisch-chemischer Eigenschaften
  • Schmelzpunkt: :216 °C (dec.)(lit.)
  • alpha  :D20 +248±2° (c = 0.1 in methanol)
  • storage temp.  :2-8°C
  • Löslichkeit :H2O: 10 mg/mL, clear, red-orange
  • pka :pKa 8.25±0.60 (Uncertain);8.43±0.70 (Uncertain);11.9±0.4 (Uncertain);12.95±0.1 (Uncertain);13.8±0.70 (Uncertain)
  • Aggregatzustand :solid
  • Farbe :orange to dark red
  • Wasserlöslichkeit :Soluble in water.
  • maximale Wellenlänge (λmax) :497nm(H2O)(lit.)
  • Merck  :14,3439
  • BRN  :4229251
  • CAS Datenbank :25316-40-9(CAS DataBase Reference)
  • EPA chemische Informationen :Doxorubicin hydrochloride (25316-40-9)

Doxorubicin hydrochloride Chemische Eigenschaften,Einsatz,Produktion Methoden

  • R-Sätze Betriebsanweisung: R45:Kann Krebs erzeugen.
    R22:Gesundheitsschädlich beim Verschlucken.
    R40:Verdacht auf krebserzeugende Wirkung.
    R26/27/28:Sehr giftig beim Einatmen, Verschlucken und Berührung mit der Haut.
  • S-Sätze Betriebsanweisung: S53:Exposition vermeiden - vor Gebrauch besondere Anweisungen einholen.
    S45:Bei Unfall oder Unwohlsein sofort Arzt zuziehen (wenn möglich, dieses Etikett vorzeigen).
    S36/37/39:Bei der Arbeit geeignete Schutzkleidung,Schutzhandschuhe und Schutzbrille/Gesichtsschutz tragen.
    S22:Staub nicht einatmen.
    S7/9:Behälter dicht geschlossen an einem gut gelüfteten Ort aufbewahren.
  • Chemische Eigenschaften Doxorubicin is an orange to red cake-like or needle-like crystalline solid. It is a cytotoxic anthracycline antibiotic isolated from cultures of Streptomyces peucetius var. caesius. Doxorubicin hydrochloride is an orange-red, crystalline, hygroscopic powder that is soluble in water and slightly soluble in methanol.
  • Originator Adriblastina,Farmitalia,Italy,1971
  • Verwenden Used as an antineoplastic
  • Verwenden Strong fluorescent dye intercalating into DNA. Antitumour antibiotic. Effect of adriamycin on heart mitochondrial DNA. Inhibitor of reverse transcriptase and RNA polymerase; immunosuppressive agent.
  • Verwenden Antibacterial;DNA intercalant
  • Verwenden Doxorubicin hydrochloride (adriamycin hydrochloride) is an antitumour agent that has been formulated as a salt to achieve higher water solubility. While the salt shares the same pharmacological properties as doxorubicin free base, its greater water solubility may offer advantages in some in vitro applications. Physicochemical properties and chromatographic behaviour will depend on whether the pH is buffered. In non-pH controlled systems the free base and salt may behave differently.
  • Verwenden Doxorubicin is an anthracycline antitumor antibiotic that inhibits DNA topoisomerase II by inducing double-stranded DNA breaks. By intercalating within DNA, doxorubicin inhibits nucleic acid synthesis and induces apoptosis by inducing the accumulation of the p53 tumor suppressor protein.[Cayman Chemical]
  • Manufacturing Process Two 300 ml Erlenmeyer flasks, each containing 60 ml of the following culture medium for the vegetative phase, were prepared: peptone 0.6%; dry yeast 0.3%; hydrated calcium carbonate 0.2%; magnesium sulfate 0.01%; the pH after sterilization was 7.2. Sterilization has been effected by heating in autoclave to 120°C for 20 minutes. Each flask was inoculated with a quantity of mycelium of the mutant F.I.106 (the new strain thus obtained has been given the code F.I.106 of the Farmitalia microbiological collection and has been called Streptomycespeucetius var. caesius) corresponding to 1/9 of a suspension in sterile water of the mycelium of a 10 day old culture grown in a big test tube on the following medium: saccharose 2%; dry yeast 0.1%; bipotassium phosphate 0.2%; sodium nitrate 0.2%; magnesium sulfate 0.2%; agar 2%; tap water up to 100%. The flasks were then incubated at 28°C for 48 hours on a rotary shaker with a stroke of 30 mm at 220 rpm.,
    2 ml of a vegetative medium thus grown were used to inoculate 300 ml Erlenmeyer flasks with 60 ml of the following medium for the productive phase: glucose 6%; dry yeast 2.5%; sodium chloride 0.2%; bipotassium phosphate 0.1%; calcium carbonate 0.2%; magnesium sulfate 0.01%; ferrous sulfate 0.001%; zinc sulfate 0.001%; copper sulfate 0.001%; tap water to 100%. The glucose was previously sterilized separately at 110°C for 20 minutes. The resulting pH was 7. This was sterilized at 120°C for 20 minutes and incubated at 28°C under the same conditions by stirring, as for the vegetative media.
    The maximum concentration of the antibiotic was reached on the 6th day of fermentation. The quantity of adriamycin produced at this time corresponds to a concentration of 15 μg/ml.
  • Trademarks Adriamycin (Pharmacia & Upjohn); Doxil (ALZA); Rubex (Bristol-Myers Squibb).
  • Therapeutic Function Cancer chemotherapy
  • Biologische Funktion The C13 substituent of doxorubicin is hydroxymethyl, which retards the action of cytosolic aldoketoreductase and slows the conversion to the equally active, but chronically cardiotoxic, doxorubicinol.
  • Allgemeine Beschreibung Doxorubicin is available as both the conventional dosageform and a liposomal preparation, both of which are administeredby infusion. Doxorubicin HCl powder is available in10-, 20-, 50-, and 150-mg vials and is widely used in treatingvarious cancers, including leukemias, soft and bone tissuesarcomas, Wilms tumor, neuroblastoma, small cell lungcancer, and ovarian and testicular cancer.
  • Allgemeine Beschreibung Orange-red thin needles. Aqueous solutions yellow-orange at acid pHs, orange-red at neutral pHs, and violet blue over pH 9.
  • Air & Water Reaktionen Water soluble.
  • Reaktivität anzeigen Amines, like Doxorubicin hydrochloride, are weak chemical bases. They neutralize acids to form salts plus water. These acid-base reactions are exothermic. Amines may be incompatible with isocyanates, halogenated organics, peroxides, phenols (acidic), epoxides, anhydrides, and acid halides. Flammable gaseous hydrogen is generated by amines in combination with strong reducing agents, such as hydrides.
  • Brandgefahr Doxorubicin hydrochloride is probably combustible.
  • Biologische Aktivität Antitumor antibiotic agent that inhibits DNA topoisomerase II. DNA intercalator that inhibits nucleic acid synthesis and induces apoptosis.
  • Mechanism of action Liposomes are taken up selectively into tumor cells, presumably because of their persistence in the bloodstream and enhanced permeability of tumor vascular membranes. In liposomal form, the drug is protected against enzymes that generate cardiotoxic free radicals, although this form of the drug can still induce potentially fatal congestive heart failure. Clinical experience with the liposomal formulation is limited, and few studies comparing the long-term toxicity with that of conventional doxorubicin therapy have been conducted. Therefore, all precautions outlined for the use of doxorubin also are employed when the liposomal formulation is used.
  • Clinical Use Doxorubicin is utilized either alone or in combination therapy to treat a wide range of neoplastic disorders, including hematologic cancers and solid tumors in breast, ovary, stomach, bladder, and thyroid gland. A liposomal formulation of doxorubicin is used in the treatment of AIDS-related Kaposi's sarcoma and organoplatinum-resistant ovarian cancer.
  • mögliche Exposition An antibiotic product from streptomyces, used as anticancer drug
  • Veterinary Drugs and Treatments Doxorubicin is perhaps the most widely used antineoplastic agent at present in small animal medicine. It may be useful in the treatment of a variety of lymphomas, carcinomas, leukemias, and sarcomas in both the dog and cat, either alone or in combination protocols. Refer to the Dosage references or the Protocols found in the appendix for more information.
  • Stoffwechsel This contributes to the longer duration of action compared to analogues that have CH3 at this position (e.g., daunorubicin). Doxorubicin is highly lipophilic and concentrates in the liver, lymph nodes, muscle, bone marrow, fat, and skin. Elimination is triphasic, and the drug has a terminal half-life of 30 to 40 hours. The majority of an administered dose is excreted in the feces.
  • Versand/Shipping UN2811 Toxic solids, organic, n.o.s., Hazard Class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poisonous materials, Technical Name Required.
  • Inkompatibilitäten Incompatible with oxidizers (chlorates, nitrates, peroxides, permanganates, perchlorates, chlorine, bromine, fluorine, etc.); contact may cause fires or explosions. Keep away from alkaline materials, strong bases, strong acids, oxoacids, epoxides
  • Waste disposal It is inappropriate and possibly dangerous to the environment to dispose of expired or waste pharmaceuticals by flushing them down the toilet or discarding them to the trash. Household quantities of expired or waste pharmaceuticals may be mixed with wet cat litter or coffee grounds, double-bagged in plastic, discard in trash. Larger quantities shall carefully take into consideration applicable DEA, EPA, and FDA regulations. If possible return the pharmaceutical to the manufacturer for proper disposal being careful to properly label and securely package the material. Alternatively, the waste pharmaceutical shall be labeled, securely packaged and transported by a state licensed medical waste contractor to dispose by burial in a licensed hazardous or toxic waste landfill or incinerator.
Doxorubicin hydrochloride Upstream-Materialien And Downstream Produkte
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(8S-cis)-10-[(3-Amino-2,3,6-tridesoxy-α-L-lyxo-hexopyranosyl)oxy]-7,8,9,10-tetrahydro-6,8,11-trihydroxy-8-(hydroxyacetyl)-1-methoxynaphthacen-5,12-dionhydrochlorid Anbieter Lieferant Produzent Hersteller Vertrieb Händler.
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25316-40-9, Doxorubicin hydrochloride Verwandte Suche:
  • (8s-cis)-10-[(3-amino-2,3,6-trideoxy-alpha-l-lyxo-hexopyranosyl)oxy]-7,8,9,10-tetrahydro-6,8,11-trihydroxy-8-(hydroxyacetyl)-1-methoxynaphthacene-5,12-dione hydrochloride
  • (8s-cis)-hlorid
  • DoxorubicinHcl,Usp28
  • (8S,10S)-10-[(3-Amino-2,3,6-trideoxy-a-lyxo-hexopyranosyl)oxy]-7,8,9,10-tetrahydro-6,8,11-trihydroxy-8-(hydroxyacetyl)-1-methoxy-5,12-naphthacenedione
  • Caely
  • Adriamycin HCl Solution
  • 5,12-Naphthacenedione, 10-(3-amino-2,3,6-trideoxy-.alpha.-L-lyxo-hexopyranosyl)oxy-7,8,9,10-tetrahydro-6,8,11-trihydroxy-8-(hydroxyacetyl)-1-methoxy-, hydrochloride, (8S,10S)-
  • 5,12-Naphthacenedione, 10-[(3-amino-2,3,6-trideoxy-α-L-lyxo-hexopyranosyl)oxy]-7,8,9,10-tetrahydro-6,8,11-trihydroxy-8-(hydroxyacetyl)-1-methoxy-, hydrochloride, (8S,10S)-
  • 5,12-Naphthacenedione, 10-[(3-amino-2,3,6-trideoxy-α-L-lyxo-hexopyranosyl)oxy]-7,8,9,10-tetrahydro-6,8,11-trihydroxy-8-(hydroxyacetyl)-1-methoxy-, hydrochloride, (8S-cis)-
  • ADR
  • Adriamycin, hydrochloride (8CI)
  • Adriblastina RD
  • DOX HCl
  • FI 106
  • Lipodox
  • Doxorubicin HCl(BICINS)
  • Doxorubicin Hydrochloride /Adriamycin hydrochloride
  • (8S,10S)-10-[(3-Amino-2,3,6-trideoxy-α-lyxo-hexopyranosyl)oxy]-7,8,9,10-tetrahydro-6,8,11-trihydroxy-8-(hydroxyacetyl)-1-methoxy-5,12-naphthacenedione
  • 14-hydroxyribomycin
  • Doxorubicin (AdriaMycin)
  • Doxorubicin HCI
  • Doxorubicin hydrochlorid
  • (8S,10S)-10-((2R,4S,5S,6S)-4-amino-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-tetrahydro-2H-pyran-2-yloxy)-6,8,11-trihydroxy-8-(2-hydroxyacetyl)-1-methoxy-7,8,9,10-tetrahydrotetracene-5,12-dione hydrochloride
  • Doxorubicin hydrochloride solution
  • Doxorubicin Hydrochloride for Injection
  • Doxorubicin hydrochloride, >=99%
  • Doxorubicin HCL/Adriamycin HCL
  • Doxorubicin hydrochloride(DOX)
  • (8S,10S)-10-(((2R,4S,5S,6S)-4-Amino-5-hydroxy-6-methyltetrahydro-2H-pyran-2-yl)oxy)-6,8,11-tri
  • Doxorubicin hydrochloride/Doxorubicin HCl CAS 25316-40-9
  • Doxorubicin hydrochloride, 98%, an antibiotic agent
  • Daunorubicin Impurity 4(EP Impurity D)
  • (8S,10S)-10-[[(2R,4S,5S,6S)-4-Amino-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl]oxy]-6,8,11-trihydroxy-8-(2-hydroxyacetyl)-1-methoxy-7,8,9,10-tetrahydrotetracene-5,12-dione Hydrochloride
  • DOX, doxorubicin hydrochloride
  • Daunorubicin EP Impurity D
  • Doxorubicin hydrochloride 25316-40-9
  • Doxorubicin-13C-d3 HCl
  • Doxorubicin (Adriamycin) HCl
  • 10-((3-amino-2,3,6-trideoxy-alpha-l-lyxo-hexopyranosyl)oxy)-7,8,9,10-tetrahydro-12-naphthacenedione