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3-Pentanol

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3-Pentanol Basic information
3-Pentanol Chemical Properties
  • Melting point:-75 °C
  • Boiling point:114-115 °C749 mm Hg(lit.)
  • Density 0.815 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
  • vapor pressure 11.69 hPa (25 °C)
  • refractive index n20/D 1.410(lit.)
  • Flash point:105 °F
  • storage temp. Flammables area
  • solubility Soluble in acetone, benzene, ethanol and diethyl ether.
  • pka15.31±0.20(Predicted)
  • form Liquid
  • color Clear colorless
  • Relative polarity0.463
  • explosive limit1.2-8%(V)
  • Water Solubility 5.5 g/100 mL (30 ºC)
  • Merck 14,7120
  • BRN 1730964
  • Stability:Stable. Combustible. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents.
  • CAS DataBase Reference584-02-1(CAS DataBase Reference)
  • NIST Chemistry Reference3-Pentanol(584-02-1)
  • EPA Substance Registry System3-Pentanol (584-02-1)
Safety Information
  • Hazard Codes Xn
  • Risk Statements 10-20-37-66-37/38
  • Safety Statements 46-36/37
  • RIDADR UN 1105 3/PG 3
  • WGK Germany 1
  • RTECS SA5075000
  • Autoignition Temperature815 °F
  • TSCA Yes
  • HazardClass 3
  • PackingGroup III
  • HS Code 29051500
  • ToxicityLD50 orally in Rabbit: 1870 mg/kg LD50 dermal Rabbit 2066 mg/kg
MSDS
3-Pentanol Usage And Synthesis
  • Chemical Propertiescolourless liquid
  • Chemical PropertiesAmyl alcohols (pentanols) have eight isomers. All are flammable, colorless liquids, except the isomer 2,2- dimethyl-1-propanol, which is a crystalline solid.
  • DefinitionChEBI: A secondary alcohol that is pentane substituted at position 3 by a hydroxy group.
  • Potential Exposure(n-isomer); Suspected reprotoxic hazard, Primary irritant (w/o allergic reaction), (iso-, primary): Possible risk of forming tumors, Primary irritant (w/o allergic reaction), (sec-, active primary-, and other isomers) Primary irritant (w/o allergic reaction). Used as a solvent in organic synthesis and synthetic flavoring, pharmaceuticals, corrosion inhibitors; making plastics and other chemicals; as a flotation agent. The (n-isomer) is used in preparation of oil additives, plasticizers, synthetic lubricants, and as a solvent.
  • ShippingUN2811 Pentanols, Hazard Class: 3; Labels: 3- Flammable liquid. UN1987 Alcohols, n.o.s., Hazard Class: 3; Labels: 3-Flammable liquid.
  • Purification MethodsReflux the alcohol with CaO, distil, then reflux it with magnesium and again fractionally distil it. [Beilstein 1 IV 1662.]
  • IncompatibilitiesForms an explosive mixture with air. Contact with strong oxidizers and hydrogen trisulfide may cause fire and explosions. Incompatible with strong acids. Violent reaction with alkaline earth metals forming hydrogen, a flammable gas.
  • Waste DisposalDissolve or mix the material with a combustible solvent and burn in a chemical incinerator equipped with an afterburner and scrubber. All federal, state, and local environmental regulations must be observed.
3-Pentanol Preparation Products And Raw materials
3-Pentanol(584-02-1)Related Product Information
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