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過マンガン酸カリウム [一般有機合成用]

過マンガン酸カリウム [一般有機合成用] 化学構造式
7722-64-7
  • CAS番号.7722-64-7
  • 化学名:過マンガン酸カリウム [一般有機合成用]
  • 别名:過マンガン酸カリウム [一般有機合成用];過マンガン酸カリウム水溶液;過マンガン酸カリウム;過マンガン酸カリ;0.002MOL/L過マンガン酸カリウム溶液(N/100);0.004MOL/L過マンガン酸カリウム溶液(N/50);0.005MOL/L過マンガン酸カリウム溶液(N/40);0.02MOL/L過マンガン酸カリウム溶液(N/10);0.1MOL/L過マンガン酸カリウム溶液(N/2);過マンガン酸カリウム溶液(50G/L);0.001MOL/L(N/200) 過マンガン酸カリウム溶液;0.002MOL/L(N/100) 過マンガン酸カリウム溶液;0.01MOL/L(N/20) 過マンガン酸カリウム溶液;0.042N 過マンガン酸カリウム溶液;0.04MOL/L(N/5) 過マンガン酸カリウム溶液;0.05MOL/L(N/4) 過マンガン酸カリウム溶液;0.18N 過マンガン酸カリウム溶液;0.1G/L過マンガン酸カリウム;0.4476N 過マンガン酸カリウム溶液;0.5W/V% 過マンガン酸カリウム溶液
  • 英語化学名:Potassium permanganate
  • 英語别名:cairox;algae-k;ci77755;argucide;hilco#88;BETZ 0263;c.i.77755;chlorisol;purplesalt;solosansoo
  • CBNumber:CB7775235
  • Molecular Formula:KMnO4
  • Formula Weight:158.033949
  • MOL File:7722-64-7.mol
過マンガン酸カリウム [一般有機合成用] 物理性質
  • 融点  :240°C
  • 比重(密度)  :1.01 g/mL at 25 °C
  • 蒸気圧 :<0.01 hPa (20 °C)
  • 貯蔵温度  :Store at RT.
  • 溶解性 :H2O: 0.1 M at 20 °C, complete, violet
  • 外見  :solution (volumetric)
  • 比重 :2.703
  • 色 :Purple
  • PH :8 (H2O, 20°C)
  • 水溶解度  :6.4 g/100 mL (20 ºC)
  • Sensitive  :Light Sensitive
  • Merck  :14,7655
  • 安定性: :Stable, but contact with combustible material may cause fire. Substances to be avoided include reducing agents, strong acids, organic material, combustible materials, peroxides, alcohols and chemically active metals. Strong oxidant.
  • CAS データベース :7722-64-7(CAS DataBase Reference)
  • EPAの化学物質情報 :Potassium permanganate (7722-64-7)
安全性情報
危険有害性情報のコード(GHS)
  • 絵表示(GHS)
  • 注意喚起語Danger
  • 危険有害性情報
  • H272:火災助長のおそれ;酸化性物質
  • H302:飲み込むと有害
  • H400:水生生物に強い毒性
  • H410:長期的影響により水生生物に非常に強い毒性
  • 注意書き
  • P220:衣類/.../可燃物から遠ざけること。
  • P221:可燃物と混合を回避するために予防策をとること。
過マンガン酸カリウム [一般有機合成用] 価格 もっと(15)
  • メーカー: 純正化学株式会社
  • 製品番号: 95278-8030
  • 製品説明 : 
  • 純度: 0.005mol/L Potassium permanganate solution
  • 包装: 500ml
  • 価格: ¥1500
  • 更新時間: 2020/06/24
  • 購入: 購入
  • メーカー: 純正化学株式会社
  • 製品番号: 95281-8030
  • 製品説明 : 
  • 純度: 0.002mol/L Potassium permanganate solution
  • 包装: 500ml
  • 価格: ¥2000
  • 更新時間: 2020/06/24
  • 購入: 購入
  • メーカー: 純正化学株式会社
  • 製品番号: 24165-1201
  • 製品説明 : 
  • 純度: Potassium permanganate
  • 包装: 500g
  • 価格: ¥3200
  • 更新時間: 2020/06/24
  • 購入: 購入
  • メーカー: 純正化学株式会社
  • 製品番号: 24165-0301
  • 製品説明 : 
  • 純度: Potassium permanganate
  • 包装: 500g
  • 価格: ¥3500
  • 更新時間: 2020/06/24
  • 購入: 購入
  • メーカー: 純正化学株式会社
  • 製品番号: 24165-0310
  • 製品説明 : 
  • 純度: Potassium permanganate
  • 包装: 25g
  • 価格: ¥1100
  • 更新時間: 2020/06/24
  • 購入: 購入

Potassium permanganate 化学特性,用途語,生産方法

  • 外観 紫黒色又は緑黒色, 結晶〜結晶性粉末
  • 溶解性 水に可溶 (5.3g/100ml水, 15℃), アセトン, メタノールに可溶。水に溶けやすい。水にやや溶けやすく、水溶液は紫紅色である。
  • 用途 サッカリン製造、医薬品
  • 用途 窒素酸化物測定用の酸化液調製用。
  • 用途 高感度比色分析及び高感度機器分析のおける酸化剤。
  • 用途 過マンガン酸カリウムの用途:酸化剤、漂白剤、医薬、分析用試薬。
  • 用途 還元性物質の定量分析(容量分析)
  • 用途 汎用試薬、調製液の原料、医薬品研究用。
  • 用途 酸化剤, 水銀分析前処理剤。
  • 用途 汎用試薬、酸化還元滴定用標準液調製原料。
  • 用途 日本薬局方のおける酸化還元容量分析用標準液。
  • 効能 外皮用殺菌消毒薬
  • 商品名 過マンガン酸カリウム (健栄製薬); 過マンガン酸カリウム (山善製薬); 過マンガン酸カリウム (日興製薬)
  • 確認試験 本品の水溶液(1→100)は過マンガン酸塩の定性反応を呈する.
  • 定量法 本品を乾燥し,その約0.6gを精密に量り,水に溶かし 正確に200mLとし,試料溶液とする.0.05mol/Lシュウ酸液 25mLを500mLの三角フラスコ中に正確に量り,薄めた硫酸 (1→20)200mLを加え,液温を30~35℃とし,試料溶液をビ ュレットに入れ,穏やかに振り混ぜながら,その23mLを速 やかに加え,液の赤色が消えるまで放置する.次に55~ 60℃に加温し,30秒間持続する赤色を呈するまで,徐々に 滴定する.
    0.05mol/Lシュウ酸液1mL=3.161mg KMnO4
  • 純度試験 (1) 水不溶物 本品を粉末とし,その2.0gを水200mLに 溶かし,質量既知のガラスろ過器(G4)を用いてろ過し,不溶 物を洗液が無色となるまで水で洗い,105℃で2時間乾燥す るとき,その量は4mg以下である.
    (2) ヒ素 本品0.40gを水10mLに溶かし,硫酸 1mLを加え,過酸化水素(30)を滴加して完全に脱色した後, 砂浴上でほとんど蒸発し,残留物を水5mLに溶かす.これ を検液とし,試験を行うとき,次の標準色より濃くない.
    標準色:水10mLに硫酸1mL及び検液の調製と同量の過酸 化水素(30)を加え,砂浴上でほとんど蒸発し,ヒ素標準 液2.0mL及び水を加えて5mLとし,以下検液の試験と 同様に操作する(5ppm以下).
  • 貯法 容器 気密容器.
  • 乾燥減量 0.5%以下(1g,シリカゲル,18時間).
  • 化学的特性 Potassium permanganate is a dark purple crystalline solid with a sweet taste that decompose at 240°C and explode in contact with oxidizable materials.Used as a disinfectant and analytical reagent, in dyes,bleaches,and medicines,and as a chemical intermediate.
  • 化学的特性 Potassium permanganate, permanganate of potash KMnO4, purple solid, soluble, formed by oxidation of acidified potassium manganate solution with chlorine, and then evaporating.
  • 物理的性質 Dark purple rhombohedral crystal; density 2.703 g/cm3; stable in air;decomposes at about 240°C; moderately soluble in cold water, 6.38 g/100mL at 20°C, soluble in hot water, 25 g/100mL at 65°C; decomposed by alcohol, acetone and many organic solvents causing their oxidation; also decomposed by concentrated acids.
  • 使用 Potassium permanganate (KMnO4) is a dark purple-bluish sheen crystal with a slightly sweet taste. It is produced by oxidizing manganate in an electrolytic cell or by passing carbon dioxide through a hot solution of manganate and then cooling until permanganate crystals form. It is a strong oxidizing agent, particularly with organic matter, which makes it a good disinfectant, deodorizer, bleach, and antiseptic.
  • 使用 Potassium permanganate (KMnO4) is a purplish crystal-like oxidizing compound used as an antiseptic and disinfectant to inhibit the growth of harmful skin microorganisms and bacteria. Before antibiotics were available, it was used as a treatment for trench mouth and impetigo.
    Trench mouth (necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis), also called “Vincent’s infection,” usually affects young adults and is considered a form of periodontal disease. If untreated, it can lead to the loss of gum tissue and eventually loss of teeth. Today, there are more effective treatments for trench mouth than KMnO4.
  • 使用 Bleaching resins, waxes, fats, oils, straw, cotton, silk and other fibers and chamois skins; dyeing wood brown; printing fabrics; washing CO2 in manufacture of mineral waters; exterminating Oidium tuckeri; photography; tanning leathers; purifying water; with formaldehyde solution to expel formaldehyde gas for disinfecting; as an important reagent in analytical and synthetic organic chemistry.
  • 定義 potassium permanganate: A compound,KMnO4, forming purple crystalswith a metallic sheen, soluble inwater (intense purple solution), acetone,and methanol, but decomposedby ethanol; r.d. 2.70; decompositionbegins slightly above 100°C and iscomplete at 240°C. The compound isprepared by fusing manganese(IV)oxide with potassium hydroxide toform the manganate and electrolysingthe manganate solutionusing iron electrodes at about 60°C.An alternative route employs productionof sodium manganate by a similarfusion process, oxidation withchlorine and sulphuric acid, thentreatment with potassium chloride tocrystallize the required product.Potassium manganate(VII) is widelyused as an oxidizing agent and as adisinfectant in a variety of applications,and as an analytical reagent.
  • 製造方法 Potassium permanganate is produced from manganese ore containing at least 60% manganese dioxide, MnO2. The finely ground ore is mixed with 50%potassium hydroxide and heated at about 350°C in rotary kilns. This converts manganese dioxide to potassium manganate:
    MnO22+ 4KOH + O2→2K2MnO4+ 2H2O
    Potassium manganate obtained above is oxidized to the permanganate either by electrolysis or by chemical oxidation. Electrolytic oxidation is more common. Electrolytic cells have cathodes made of iron rods and nickel-plated anodes. Potassium manganate melt is extracted with water prior to its elec-trolysis and then electrolyzed at a cell voltage of 2.3V and current of about 1,400 amp. Permanganate is produced at theanode and water is reduced to gaseous hydrogen and hydroxyl ions at the cathode:
    2K2MnO44+ 2H2O →2KMnO4+ 2KOH + H2.
  • 適応症 Potassium permanganate (KMnO4) is an oxidizing agent that is rapidly rendered inactive in the presence of organic material. The oxidizing action of the chemical is purportedly responsible for its germicidal activity. It is also an astringent and a fungicide. This preparation stains the skin and clothing, and undissolved crystals will cause a chemical burn. It is used less commonly now (primarily as an antifungal agent) and may be little better than water as a wet dressing. A 1:4,000 to 1:16,000 dilution is used on weeping or denuded surfaces (one crushed 65-mg tablet dissolved in 250 to 500 mL; one 330-mg tablet dissolved in 1,500 mL to 3,000 mL). For use as a medicated bath, 8 g (approximately 2 tsp) should be dissolved in 200 L (a full bathtub) of water to produce about a 1:25,000 dilution. Skin stains may be removed with a weak solution of oxalic acid or sodium thiosulfate.
  • 一般的な説明 A purplish colored crystalline solid. Noncombustible but accelerates the burning of combustible material. If the combustible material is finely divided the mixture may be explosive. Contact with liquid combustible materials may result in spontaneous ignition. Contact with sulfuric acid may cause fire or explosion. Used to make other chemicals and as a disinfectant.
  • 空気と水の反応 Soluble in water.
  • 反応プロフィール Potassium permanganate is a very powerful oxidizing agent, particularly in acidic surroundings. Reacts with incandescence with aluminum carbide [Mellor 5:872. 1946-47]. Grinding with antimony or arsenic causes ignition of the metals [Mellor 12:322. 1946-47]. Mixtures with acetic acid or acetic anhydride may explode if not kept cold [Von Schwartz 1918. p. 34]. Explosions can occur when acidified solutions come in contact with benzene, carbon disulfide, diethyl ether, ethyl alcohol, petroleum, or organic matter. Contact with glycerol may produce an explosion [Pieters 1957. p. 30]. Contact with concentrated hydrogen peroxide solution can produce an explosion [Haz. Chem. Data 1973. p. 230]. Contact with solid hydroxylamine produces an immediate white flame [Mellor 8:294. 1946-47]. Transport through a polypropylene tube ignited the tube [MCA Case History 1842. 1972]. Mixing with concentrated sulfuric acid in a vessel containing moisture caused an explosion (due to formation of manganese heptoxide) [Delhez 1967].
  • 危険性 Dangerous fire and explosion risk in contact with organic materials, powerful oxidizing agent.
  • 健康ハザード Burns and stains the skin dark brown. If ingested will cause severe distress of gastro-intestinal system. May be fatal if over 4 oz. are consumed.
  • 火災危険 Behavior in Fire: May cause fire on contact with combustibles. Containers may explode.
  • 工業用途 This is a crystalline substance with a deep purple color, extremely soluble in water (60 g/L). At a temperature above 200 °C, KMnO4 decomposes according to the following reaction: 2KMnO4 +Heat? K2MnO4 + MnO2 + O2
    Potassium permanganate has a depressing effect on most sulfide minerals including sphalerite, pyrrhotite and chalcopyrite. It has been used to depress pyrrhotite and arsenopyrite in a pyrite flotation alkaline circuit. Studies were carried out on the depression of copper in copper–molybdenite separation with promising results. There is very little known about the depressing action of KMnO4 in relation to pH.
  • 安全性プロファイル A human poison by ingestion. Poison experimentally by Flammable by chemical reaction. A powerful oxidizer. A dangerous explosion hazard; handle with care. Explosions may occur in contact with organic or readily oxidizable materials, either when dry or in solution. Dangerous; keep away from combustible materials. Explodes on contact with acetic acid, acetic anhydride, ammonium nitrate, dimethylformamide, formaldehyde, concentrated hydrochloric acid, potassium chloride + sulfuric acid, sulfuric acid + water. Forms sensitive explosive mixtures with aluminum powder + ammonium nitrate + glyceryl nitrate + nitrocellulose, ammonium perchlorate, arsenic, phosphorus, sulfur, slag wool, titanium. Ignites on contact with Aldi dimethyl sulfoxide, ethylene glycol, H2S3, HCl, H2SO4, (H2SO4 + organic matter), (H2SO4 + KCl), NH4ClO4, NH3, NH4, NO3, NH2OH, organic matter, wood, oxygenated organic compounds (e.g., ethylene glycol, propane-l,2-diol, erythritol, mannitol, triethanolamine, 3-chloropropane-l,2-diol, acetaldehyde, isobutyraldehyde, benzaldehyde, acetylacetone, esters of ethylene glycol, lactic acid, acetic acid, oxalic acid). proper condtions with acetone + tert- butylamine, alcohols + nitric acid, aluminum carbide, ammonia + sulfuric acid, antimony, coal + peroxomonosulfuric acid, dichloromethylsilane, dimethyl sulfoxide, ethanol + sulfuric acid, glycerol, concentrated hydrofluoric acid, hydrogen peroxide, hydrogen trisulfide, hydroxylamine, carbon, organic nitro compounds, polypropylene, 3,4,4'- trimethyldiphenyl sulfone. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of K2O. See also PERMAN GANATES.
  • 職業ばく露 Potassium permanganate is used in solutions as a disinfectant, topical antibacterial agent; deodorizer, bleaching agent; and in air and water purification.
  • 輸送方法 UN1490 Potassium permanganate, Hazard Class: 5.1; Labels: 5.1-Oxidizer.
  • 純化方法 Crystallise it from hot water (4mL/g at 65o), then dry it in a vacuum desiccator over CaSO4. Phillips and Taylor [J Chem Soc 4242 1962] cooled an aqueous solution of KMnO4, saturated at 60o, to room temperature in the dark, and filtered it through a No.4 porosity sintered-glass filter funnel. The solution was allowed to evaporate in air in the dark for 12hours, and the supernatant liquid was decanted from the crystals, which were dried as quickly as possible with filter paper.
  • 不和合性 Potassium permanganate is a powerful oxidizing agent, that is, it will initiate a fire or explosion if brought into contact with reducing materials; combustibles, organic materials; strong acids; or oxidizable solid, liquid or gas; glycerin, ethylene glycol; polypropylene, hydroxyl- amine, hydrogen trisulfide; antimony, arsenic, sulfuric acid; hydrogen peroxide; phosphorus, and any finely divided combustible material. It will decompose, and release oxygen, if brought into contact with heat, alcohol, acids, ferrous salts; iodides and oxalates.
  • 廃棄物の処理 React with reducing agent, neutralize and flush to sewer
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7722-64-7, 過マンガン酸カリウム [一般有機合成用] キーワード:
  • 7722-64-7
  • POTSSIUM PRMNGNTE 1.0N VOL SOL
  • POTASSIUM PERMANGANATE, BIO-REFINEDPOTASSIUM PERMANGANATE, BIO-REFINEDPOTASSIUM PERMANGANATE, BIO-REFINEDPOTASSIUM PERMANGANATE, BIO-REFINED
  • POTASSIUM PERMANGANATE, REAGENT (ACS)POTASSIUM PERMANGANATE, REAGENT (ACS)POTASSIUM PERMANGANATE, REAGENT (ACS)
  • POTASSIUM PERMANGANATE, SOLUTION, 0.0435 NPOTASSIUM PERMANGANATE, SOLUTION, 0.0435 NPOTASSIUM PERMANGANATE, SOLUTION, 0.0435 N
  • POTASSIUM PERMANGANATE, SOLUTION, 0.1 NPOTASSIUM PERMANGANATE, SOLUTION, 0.1 NPOTASSIUM PERMANGANATE, SOLUTION, 0.1 N
  • POTASSIUM PERMANGANATE, SOLUTION, 0.891 g/LPOTASSIUM PERMANGANATE, SOLUTION, 0.891 g/LPOTASSIUM PERMANGANATE, SOLUTION, 0.891 g/L
  • POTASSIUM PERMANGANATE, SOLUTION, 1.0 NPOTASSIUM PERMANGANATE, SOLUTION, 1.0 NPOTASSIUM PERMANGANATE, SOLUTION, 1.0 N
  • POTASSIUM PERMANGNATE extrapure AR
  • Potassium Permanganate, crystal
  • Chemspray Condys Crystals
  • potassum permanganate
  • Potassium permanganate concentrate
  • Allways Fresh
  • Permanganicacid (HMnO4), potassium salt (8CI,9CI)
  • POTASSIUM PERMANG
  • 0.002mol/l-Potassium Permanganate Solution
  • 0.005mol/l-Potassium Permanganate Solution
  • 0.02mol/l-Potassium Permanganate Solution
  • 0.04mol/l-Potassium Permanganate Solution
  • 0.1mol/l-Potassium Permanganate Solution
  • 0.2mol/l-Potassium Permanganate Solution
  • POTASSIUM PERMANGANATE FOR ANALYSIS EMSURE ACS,REAG. PH EUR
  • Potassium permanganate, for analysis
  • Potassium permanganate, for analysis ACS
  • Potassium Permanganate [for General Organic Chemistry]
  • Potassium Permanganate, Crystal, Reagent
  • potassio(permanganatodi)
  • potassium(permanganatede)
  • potassium(permanganatede)(french)
  • purplesalt
  • 過マンガン酸カリウム [一般有機合成用]
  • 過マンガン酸カリウム水溶液
  • 過マンガン酸カリウム
  • 過マンガン酸カリ
  • 0.002MOL/L過マンガン酸カリウム溶液(N/100)
  • 0.004MOL/L過マンガン酸カリウム溶液(N/50)
  • 0.005MOL/L過マンガン酸カリウム溶液(N/40)
  • 0.02MOL/L過マンガン酸カリウム溶液(N/10)
  • 0.1MOL/L過マンガン酸カリウム溶液(N/2)
  • 過マンガン酸カリウム溶液(50G/L)
  • 0.001MOL/L(N/200) 過マンガン酸カリウム溶液
  • 0.002MOL/L(N/100) 過マンガン酸カリウム溶液
  • 0.01MOL/L(N/20) 過マンガン酸カリウム溶液
  • 0.042N 過マンガン酸カリウム溶液
  • 0.04MOL/L(N/5) 過マンガン酸カリウム溶液
  • 0.05MOL/L(N/4) 過マンガン酸カリウム溶液
  • 0.18N 過マンガン酸カリウム溶液
  • 0.1G/L過マンガン酸カリウム
  • 0.4476N 過マンガン酸カリウム溶液
  • 0.5W/V% 過マンガン酸カリウム溶液
  • 0.5W/V% 過マンガン酸カリウム溶液 上水用
  • 0.9N 過マンガン酸カリウム溶液
  • 1.5W/V% 過マンガン酸カリウム溶液
  • 16G/L 過マンガン酸カリウム溶液
  • 5W/V% 過マンガン酸カリウム溶液
  • 6W/V% 過マンガン酸カリウム溶液
  • N/2.79 過マンガン酸カリウム溶液
  • 過マンガン酸カリウム SOLUTION VOLUMETRIC,0.01 M KMNO4 (0.05N)
  • 過マンガン酸カリウム SOLUTION VOLUMETRIC,0.02 M KMNO4 (0.1N)
  • 過マンガン酸カリウム SOLUTION VOLUMETRIC,0.1 M KMNO4 (0.5N)
  • 過マンガン酸カリウム SOLUTION VOLUMETRIC,0.2 M KMNO4 (1N)
  • 過マンガン酸カリウム濃縮溶液 FOR 1L STANDARD SOLUTION,1/50 M KMNO4 (0.1N)
  • 過マンガン酸カリウム濃縮溶液 FOR 1L STANDARD SOLUTION,1/500 M KMNO4 (0.01N)
  • 0.002MOL/L 過マンガン酸カリウム溶液(N/100)
  • 0.005MOL/L 過マンガン酸カリウム溶液(N/40)
  • 0.02MOL/L 過マンガン酸カリウム溶液(N/10)
  • 0.04MOL/L 過マンガン酸カリウム溶液(N/5)
  • 0.1MOL/L 過マンガン酸カリウム溶液(N/2)
  • 0.2MOL/L 過マンガン酸カリウム溶液(1N)
  • 0.04MOL/L 過マンガン酸カリウム溶液
  • 0.2MOL/L 過マンガン酸カリウム溶液
  • 0.02MOL/L過マンガン酸カリウム液
  • 0.02MOL/L 過マンガン酸カリウム溶液
  • 0.005MOL/L 過マンガン酸カリウム溶液
  • 0.002 MOL/L 過マンガン酸カリウム溶液
  • 過マンガン酸カリウム 溶液
  • 過マンガン酸カリウム溶液
  • 過マンガン酸カリウム, 0.1N Standardized Solution
  • 過マンガン酸カリウム (JP17)
  • 金属別化合物
  • 遷移金属化合物
  • 酸化反応
  • 有機合成化学
  • TLC用呈色試薬溶液
  • マンガン化合物
  • 分析化学
  • 構造分類