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Propionyl chloride

Propionyl chloride Structure
Propionyl chloride
  • CAS No.79-03-8
  • Chemical Name:Propionyl chloride
  • CBNumber:CB3156885
  • Molecular Formula:C3H5ClO
  • Formula Weight:92.52
  • MOL File:79-03-8.mol
Propionyl chloride Property
  • Melting point: :-94 °C
  • Boiling point: :77-79 °C (lit.)
  • Density  :1.059 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)
  • vapor density  :3.2 (vs air)
  • vapor pressure  :106 hPa (20 °C)
  • refractive index  :n20/D 1.404(lit.)
  • Flash point: :53 °F
  • storage temp.  :Store below +30°C.
  • form  :Liquid
  • color  :Clear
  • PH Range :<7.0
  • explosive limit :3.6-11.9%(V)
  • Water Solubility  :REACTS
  • FreezingPoint  :-94℃
  • Sensitive  :Moisture Sensitive
  • Merck  :14,7828
  • BRN  :385632
  • InChIKey :RZWZRACFZGVKFM-UHFFFAOYSA-N
  • CAS DataBase Reference :79-03-8(CAS DataBase Reference)
  • EWG's Food Scores :1
  • FDA UNII :MB6VL5OMB9
  • NIST Chemistry Reference :Propanoyl chloride(79-03-8)
  • EPA Substance Registry System :Propanoyl chloride (79-03-8)
Safety
  • Hazard Codes  :F,C
  • Risk Statements  :11-14-34-20/22
  • Safety Statements  :9-16-26-45
  • RIDADR  :UN 1815 3/PG 2
  • WGK Germany  :1
  • RTECS  :UG6657000
  • Autoignition Temperature :270 °C
  • TSCA  :Yes
  • HazardClass  :3
  • PackingGroup  :II
  • HS Code  :29051900
  • HS Code  :29399990
  • Hazardous Substances Data :79-03-8(Hazardous Substances Data)
  • Toxicity :LD50 orally in Rabbit: 823 mg/kg
  • NFPA 704:
    3
    3 2
Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)
  • Symbol(GHS)
  • Signal wordDanger
  • Hazard statements H225-H302-H314-H331
  • Precautionary statements P210-P280-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340+P310-P305+P351+P338-P403+P233-P260h-P405-P501a
Propionyl chloride Price More Price(11)
  • Brand: Sigma-Aldrich
  • Product number: P51559
  • Product name : Propionyl chloride
  • Purity: 98%
  • Packaging: 25g
  • Price: $31.9
  • Updated: 2021/03/22
  • Buy: Buy
  • Brand: Sigma-Aldrich
  • Product number: 8.07063
  • Product name : Propionyl chloride
  • Purity: for synthesis
  • Packaging: 100 mL
  • Price: $40.05
  • Updated: 2021/03/22
  • Buy: Buy
  • Brand: Sigma-Aldrich
  • Product number: 8.07063
  • Product name : Propionyl chloride
  • Purity: for synthesis
  • Packaging: 500 mL
  • Price: $52.35
  • Updated: 2021/03/22
  • Buy: Buy
  • Brand: Sigma-Aldrich
  • Product number: P51559
  • Product name : Propionyl chloride
  • Purity: 98%
  • Packaging: 500g
  • Price: $54.4
  • Updated: 2021/03/22
  • Buy: Buy
  • Brand: TCI Chemical
  • Product number: P0516
  • Product name : Propionyl Chloride
  • Purity: >98.0%(GC)(T)
  • Packaging: 25g
  • Price: $25
  • Updated: 2021/03/22
  • Buy: Buy

Propionyl chloride Chemical Properties,Usage,Production

  • Chemical Properties clear liquid
  • Uses Chemical intermediate.
    Propionyl chloride can be used as an acylating agent:
    To convert anisole to 4-methoxypropiophenone and 2-methoxynaphthalene to 1-propio-2-methoxynaphthalene in the presence of Indium(III) chloride (InCl3) impregnated mesoporous Si-MCM-41 catalyst.
    For chlorination in the presence of sulfuryl chloride and peroxides to form α-chloropropionyl chloride and β-chloropropionyl chloride.
    In reaction with (hydroxypropyl)cellulose to form the propanoate ester, [(propionyloxy)propyl]cellulose.
  • General Description A colorless liquid with a pungent odor. Flash point of 50°F. Corrosive and very irritating to skin and eyes. Used to make other chemicals.
  • Air & Water Reactions Highly flammable. Vigorously reacts with water to form propionic acid and hydrochloric acid [Merck 11th ed. 1989].
  • Reactivity Profile Acid halides, such as Propionyl chloride, are water reactive; some are violently reactive. They are incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, alcohols, amines, and alkali. May react vigorously or explosively if mixed with diisopropyl ether or other ethers in the presence of trace amounts of metal salts [J. Haz. Mat., 1981, 4, 291].
  • Hazard Strong irritant to skin.
  • Health Hazard May cause toxic effects if inhaled or ingested/swallowed. Contact with substance may cause severe burns to skin and eyes. Fire will produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases. Vapors may cause dizziness or suffocation. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may cause pollution.
  • Fire Hazard Flammable/combustible material. May be ignited by heat, sparks or flames. Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers. Runoff to sewer may create fire or explosion hazard. Containers may explode when heated. Many liquids are lighter than water.
  • Safety Profile A corrosive irritant to skin, eyes, and mucous membranes. Dangerous fire hazard when exposed to heat or flame; can react vigorously with oxidizing materials. Reacts with water or steam to produce toxic and corrosive fumes. Exothermic reaction with diisopropyl ether produces much gas. The reaction may be dangerous if confmed. To fight fire, use CO2, dry chemical; do not use water. When heated to decomposition it emits lughly toxic fumes of Cl-. See also HYDROCHLORIC ACID.
Propionyl chloride Preparation Products And Raw materials
Raw materials
Preparation Products
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