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NITROCYCLOHEXANE

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NITROCYCLOHEXANE Basic information
NITROCYCLOHEXANE Chemical Properties
  • Melting point:−34 °C(lit.)
  • Boiling point:205.5-206 °C768 mm Hg(lit.)
  • Density 1.061 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
  • vapor density 4.46 (vs air)
  • vapor pressure 768 mm Hg ( 205 °C)
  • refractive index n20/D 1.462(lit.)
  • Flash point:166 °F
  • pka8.44±0.20(Predicted)
  • EPA Substance Registry SystemNitrocyclohexane (1122-60-7)
Safety Information
MSDS
NITROCYCLOHEXANE Usage And Synthesis
  • Chemical PropertiesColorless to dark yellow liquid
  • Chemical PropertiesNitrocyclohexane is a highly flammable, colorless liquid.
  • DefinitionChEBI: A C-nitro compound that is cyclohexane in which a single hydrogen is replaced by a nitro group.
  • Synthesis Reference(s)Journal of the American Chemical Society, 75, p. 4047, 1953 DOI: 10.1021/ja01112a049
    Tetrahedron, 46, p. 7443, 1990 DOI: 10.1016/S0040-4020(01)89059-1
    Tetrahedron Letters, 21, p. 1117, 1980 DOI: 10.1016/S0040-4039(01)83928-9
  • General DescriptionColorless liquid.
  • Air & Water ReactionsHighly Flammable
  • Reactivity ProfileNitroalkanes, such as NITROCYCLOHEXANE, range from slight to strong oxidizing agents. If mixed with reducing agents, including hydrides, sulfides and nitrides, they may begin a vigorous reaction that culminates in a detonation. Nitroalkanes are milder oxidizing agents, but still react violently with reducing agents at higher temperature and pressures. Nitroalkanes react with inorganic bases to form explosive salts. The presence of metal oxides increases the thermal sensitivity of nitroalkanes. Nitroalkanes with more than one nitro group are generally explosive. Nitroalkanes are insoluble in water. Flammable/combustible material. May be ignited by heat, sparks or flames.
  • Potential ExposureUsed in organic synthesis.
  • ShippingUN3382 Toxic by inhalation liquid, n.o.s. with an LC50 lower than or equal to 1000 ml/m3 and saturated vapor concentration ≥10 LC50, Hazard Class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1 Technical Name Required, Inhalation Hazard Zone B.
  • IncompatibilitiesA nitro compound; a fire and explosive hazard. May form explosive mixture with air. Nitrocyclohexane, a nitroalkane, is a strong oxidizing agents. If mixed with reducing agents, including hydrides, sulfides and nitrides, they may begin a vigorous reaction that culminates in a detonation. Nitroalkanes are milder oxidizing agents, but still react violently with reducing agents at higher temperature and pressures. Nitroalkanes react with inorganic bases to form explosive salts. The presence of metal oxides increases the thermal sensitivity of nitroalkanes. Nitroalkanes with more than one nitro group are generally explosive. Incompatible with alkalis, and metal oxides. This chemical is highly reactive and may be heat-and shock-sensitive.
  • Waste DisposalDissolve or mix the material with a combustible solvent and burn in a chemical incinerator equipped with an afterburner and scrubber. All federal, state, and local environmental regulations must be observed.
NITROCYCLOHEXANE Preparation Products And Raw materials
NITROCYCLOHEXANE(1122-60-7)Related Product Information
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