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Pentyl nitrite

Pentyl nitrite Structure
Pentyl nitrite
  • CAS No.463-04-7
  • Chemical Name:Pentyl nitrite
  • CBNumber:CB2160081
  • Molecular Formula:C5H11NO2
  • Formula Weight:117.15
  • MOL File:463-04-7.mol
Pentyl nitrite Property
  • Boiling point: :104-105°C
  • Density  :0,86 g/cm3
  • vapor density  :4
  • vapor pressure  :65 hPa (20 °C)
  • refractive index  :1.3880-1.3910
  • Flash point: :-40°C
  • storage temp.  :Store at +2°C to +8°C.
  • color  :Clear, yellowish liquid
  • Odor :peculiar, ethereal, fruityodor and pungent, aromatic taste
  • CAS DataBase Reference :463-04-7(CAS DataBase Reference)
  • EWG's Food Scores :1
  • FDA UNII :H2HUX79FYK
  • NIST Chemistry Reference :Amyl nitrite(463-04-7)
  • EPA Substance Registry System :Amyl nitrite (463-04-7)
Safety
  • Hazard Codes  :F,Xn
  • Risk Statements  :11-20/22
  • Safety Statements  :16-24-45-46
  • RIDADR  :1113
  • WGK Germany  :3
  • RTECS  :RA1140000
  • Autoignition Temperature :205 °C
  • HazardClass  :3.1
  • PackingGroup  :II
  • HS Code  :29209085
  • Hazardous Substances Data :463-04-7(Hazardous Substances Data)
  • Toxicity :mmo-sat 1 mg/plate BSIBAC 56,816,80
  • NFPA 704:
    2
Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)
  • Symbol(GHS)
  • Signal wordDanger
  • Hazard statements H225-H302+H332
  • Precautionary statements P210-P233-P240-P241+P242+P243-P261-P264-P270-P271-P280-P301+P312+P330-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340+P312-P370+P378-P403+P235-P501
Pentyl nitrite Price More Price(9)
  • Brand: Sigma-Aldrich
  • Product number: 8.20966
  • Product name : n-Pentyl nitrite
  • Purity: for synthesis
  • Packaging: 5 mL
  • Price: $26.27
  • Updated: 2021/12/16
  • Buy: Buy
  • Brand: Sigma-Aldrich
  • Product number: 8.20966
  • Product name : n-Pentyl nitrite for synthesis. CAS 463-04-7, EC Number 207-332-7, chemical formula CH (CH ) ONO., for synthesis
  • Purity: 
  • Packaging: 8209660005
  • Price: $27.4
  • Updated: 2021/12/16
  • Buy: Buy
  • Brand: Sigma-Aldrich
  • Product number: 8.20966
  • Product name : n-Pentyl nitrite
  • Purity: for synthesis
  • Packaging: 250 mL
  • Price: $495.8
  • Updated: 2021/12/16
  • Buy: Buy
  • Brand: Sigma-Aldrich
  • Product number: 8.20966
  • Product name : n-Pentyl nitrite for synthesis. CAS 463-04-7, EC Number 207-332-7, chemical formula CH (CH ) ONO., for synthesis
  • Purity: 
  • Packaging: 8209660250
  • Price: $518
  • Updated: 2021/12/16
  • Buy: Buy
  • Brand: TCI Chemical
  • Product number: A0455
  • Product name : Amyl Nitrite
  • Purity: >95.0%(GC)
  • Packaging: 25mL
  • Price: $82
  • Updated: 2021/12/16
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Pentyl nitrite Chemical Properties,Usage,Production

  • Chemical Properties Amyl nitrites are flammable, yellowish liquid with a penetrating, fruity odor.
  • Definition ChEBI: A nitrite ester having n-pentyl as the alkyl group.
  • General Description A clear colorless to yellowish liquid with a fragrant, fruity odor and pungent aromatic taste. Flash point below 73°F. Boiling point 205-210°F (96-99°C). Less dense than water and insoluble in water. Hence floats on water. Vapors are heavier than air. Produces toxic oxides of nitrogen during combustion. Used in medicine and to make other chemicals.
  • General Description Amyl nitrite, isopentyl nitrite [(CH3)2CHCH2CH2ONO], isa mixture of isomeric amyl nitrites but is principally isoamylnitrite. It may be prepared from amyl alcohol and HNO2 byseveral procedures. Usually, amyl nitrite is dispensed in ampul form and used by inhalation or orally in alcohol solution.Currently, it is recommended for treating cyanide poisoning;although not the best antidote, it does not require intravenousinjections.
    Amyl nitrite is a yellowish liquid with an ethereal odor anda pungent taste. It is volatile and inflammable at room temperature.Amyl nitrite vapor forms an explosive mixture in air oroxygen. Inhalation of the vapor may involve definite explosionhazards if a source of ignition is present, as both roomand body temperatures are within the flammability range ofamyl nitrite mixtures with either air or oxygen. It is nearly insolublein water but is miscible with organic solvents. The nitritealso will decompose in valeric acid and nitric acid.
  • Air & Water Reactions Highly flammable. Decomposes on exposure to air, light, or water. Many, but not all, will be colorless flammable toxic gases. Insoluble in water. Reaction with moisture in air or with water produces nitric acid.
  • Reactivity Profile Pentyl nitrite is an oxidizing agent. May begin a vigorous reaction that culminates in a detonation if mixed with reducing agents, including hydrides, sulfides and nitrides.
  • Health Hazard Inhalation or ingestion causes flushing of the face, pulsatile headache, disturbing tachycardia, cyanosis (methemoglobinemia), weakness, confusion, restlessness, faintness, and collapse. Contact with eyes or skin causes irritation.
  • Safety Profile Moderately toxic by inhalation and ingestion. Causes flushing of skin, rapid pulse, headache, and fall in blood pressure. Mutation data reported. See also NITRITES and ESTERS. Flammable when exposed to heat or flame or by spontaneous chemical reaction. To fight fire, use alcohol foam. An oxidizing material. Vapors explode when heated. It will react with oxidizing or reducing materials. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of NOx.
  • Potential Exposure Amyl nitrite is used to make pharmaceuticals; perfumes, diazonium compounds, and other chemicals.
  • Shipping UN1993 Flammable liquids, n.o.s., Hazard Class: 3; Labels: 3-Flammable liquid, Technical Name Required.
  • Incompatibilities Vapors may form explosive mixture with air. Slowly decomposes in light, heat, and on contact with water. A strong oxidizer. Contact with reducing agents and easily oxidizable materials may cause fire and explosions. Reported to be an explosion hazard when exposed to air and light. Keep away from alcohols, antipyrine, alkaline materials; alkaline carbonates; potassium iodide; bromides, and ferrous salts. Attacks metals in the presence of moisture.
  • Waste Disposal Incineration with scrubber to remove nitrogen oxides from the combustion gases.
Pentyl nitrite Preparation Products And Raw materials
Raw materials
Preparation Products
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