Description References
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Description References
Andrographolide Structure
  • CAS No.5508-58-7
  • Chemical Name:Andrographolide
  • CBNumber:CB1395576
  • Molecular Formula:C20H30O5
  • Formula Weight:350.45
  • MOL File:5508-58-7.mol
Andrographolide Property
  • Melting point: :229-232 °C (lit.)
  • Boiling point: :557.3±50.0 °C(Predicted)
  • alpha  :-126 º (c=1.5,HAc)
  • Density  :d421 1.2317
  • storage temp.  :2-8°C
  • pka :12.36±0.20(Predicted)
  • form  :Off-white solid
  • optical activity :[α]20/D 126°, c = 1.5 in acetic acid
  • λmax :223nm(MeOH)(lit.)
  • Merck  :14,633
  • BRN  :42762
  • CAS DataBase Reference :5508-58-7
  • EWG's Food Scores :1
  • FDA UNII :410105JHGR
Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)
  • Symbol(GHS)
  • Signal word
  • Hazard statements
  • Precautionary statements
Andrographolide Price More Price(12)
  • Brand: Sigma-Aldrich
  • Product number: 172060
  • Product name : Andrographolide
  • Purity: 
  • Packaging: 50mg
  • Price: $64.19
  • Updated: 2021/03/22
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  • Brand: Sigma-Aldrich
  • Product number: 1034862
  • Product name : Andrographolide
  • Purity: United States Pharmacopeia (USP) Reference Standard
  • Packaging: 50mg
  • Price: $492
  • Updated: 2021/03/22
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  • Brand: TCI Chemical
  • Product number: A2459
  • Product name : Andrographolide
  • Purity: >98.0%(HPLC)
  • Packaging: 1g
  • Price: $24
  • Updated: 2021/03/22
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  • Brand: TCI Chemical
  • Product number: A2459
  • Product name : Andrographolide
  • Purity: >98.0%(HPLC)
  • Packaging: 5g
  • Price: $69
  • Updated: 2021/03/22
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  • Brand: Cayman Chemical
  • Product number: 11679
  • Product name : Andrographolide
  • Purity: ≥98%
  • Packaging: 100mg
  • Price: $29
  • Updated: 2021/03/22
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Andrographolide Chemical Properties,Usage,Production

  • Description Andrographolide is the bitter principle, a colorless and neutral crystalline substance. It is the major labdane diterpenoid isolated from Andrographis paniculate. It exhibits antiviral, anti-inflammatory, and anticancer activities. The underlying mechanism is the inhibition of the mitogen-activated protein kinase/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (MAPK/ERK) signaling (specifically p38 MAPK/ERK1/2) pathway and downstream transcription factors such as nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) and nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT). Andrographolide is also confirmed with chemopreventive effects against and the inhibitory effects on cancer cell growth in breast, colon, epidermoid, gastric, liver, leukemia, myeloma, peripheral blood lymphocytes, and prostate cancers.
    Andrographolide has been used for liver complaints and fever, and as an anti-inflammatory and immunostimulant. Andrographolide exerts anti-growth and pro-apoptotic effects on human rheumatoid arthritis fibroblast- like synoviocytes, the main cellular constituent of pannus, that combined with a massive infiltration of lymphocytes and macrophages, invades and destroys the local articular structure. Thereby, andrographolide is proposed to be used in Rheumatoid Arthritis and other autoimmune diseases.
  • References [1] Mari?a A. Hidalgo, Juan L. Hancke, Juan C. Bertoglio and Rafael A. Burgos (2013) Andrographolide a New Potential Drug for the Long Term Treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis Disease in book “Innovative Rheumatology”
    [3] Mitchell Low, Cheang S Khoo, Gerald Münch, Suresh Govindaraghavan, Nikolaus J Sucher (2014) An in vitro study of anti-inflammatory activity of standardised Andrographis paniculata extracts and pure andrographolide, BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 15:18
  • Description Andrographolide is a diterpene lactone compound extracted from Andrographis. paniculata (Burm. F) Nees. Andrographis paniculata is also known as lanhelian, yijianxi, zhanshecao, kucao, kudancao, etc. Since this product originates in India, it is also known as Indian grass. This product is dry ground part of Jupiteraceae plant Andrographis paniculata (conus) may originate in South Asia. It is commonly cultivated in China such as in Fujian, Guangdong, Hainan, Guangxi, and Yunnan and also in Australia and was also introduced in Jiangsu and Shaanxi.
    Andrographis paniculata is commonly used in traditional Chinese medicine. Its ability of relieving “snake venom, and internal injuries cough” was recorded in “Lingnan herbal medicine records.” “Quanzhou Materia Medica” described it as “heat-clearing and detoxifying, anti-inflammatory, detumescence and inhibition throat inflammation, dysentery and high fever.”
    The above ground part of Andrographis paniculata contains andrographolide, neo-andrographolide, 14-deoxygenated andrographolide, etc., and the root contains mainly flavonoids.
  • Chemical Properties colorless Plates
  • Physical properties Appearance: white square prism or flaky crystals (ethanol or methanol) and odorless, with a bitter taste. Solubility: dissolved in boiling ethanol, slightly soluble in methanol or ethanol, very slightly soluble in chloroform, and almost insoluble in water. Since andrographolide has an ester structure, it is easy to hydrolysis, open loop and isomerization in the aqueous solution to affect the drug stability. At lower temperature, the stability of andrographolide is better; it is unstable in alkaline conditions, and its instability increased with the increase in alkaline strength. The most stable pH value is 3–5. Andrographolide is more stable in chloroform
  • Occurrence Andrographis is found growing wild in India and Sri Lanka and is cultivated in many other parts of the world.
  • History In 1911, Gorter firstly isolated a crystalline substance from Andrographis paniculata, identified it as a diterpene lactone compound, and named it andrographolide .
    Andrographolide structure is complex and difficult to artificially synthesize, so it is often extracted from the plant.
    Andrographolide water solubility is poor and its bioavailability is low; its pharmacological effects are extensive but weak, so the preparation requirements are strict. Therefore, from the 1970s, drugs and organic chemical researchers have done a lot of work in the modification and transformation of andrographolide, mainly concentrated in the α, β-unsaturated lactone double bond Michael addition, redox, selective esterification of hydroxyl groups, oxidation and substitution reactions, intramolecular cyclization, replacement of lactone rings, etc. They had obtained a number of new derivatives. In the research of pharmacological effects, the main study of the andrographolide derivatives focuses on antitumor, antivirus, and other biological activities and has made some progress .
  • Uses Andrographolide is a labdane diterpenoid. Andrographolide is the main bioactive component isolated from the medicinal plant Andrographis paniculata. Andrographolide showed significant antihepatotoxic action in P. berghei K173- induced hepatic damage in M. natalensis. Andrographolide inhibits tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)-induced intercellular adhesion mol.-1 (ICAM-1) expression and adhesion of HL-60 cells onto human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC), which are associated with inflammatory diseases. These findings suggest that Andrographolide may have potential as a cardiovascular-protective agent.
  • Uses antineoplastic
  • Definition ChEBI: A labdane diterpenoid isolated from the leaves and roots of Andrographis paniculata that exhibits anti-HIV, anti-inflammatory and antineoplastic properties.
  • Pharmacology Modern pharmacological studies have shown that andrographolide has effects of anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antivirus, antitumor, and immune regulation and can be used in treatment of cardiovascular-cerebrovascular diseases and protectionof the liver and gallbladder. Andrographolide can treat the fever caused by pneumococcus and hemolytic Streptococcus mutans, mainly by inhibiting the hypothalamus PGE2 and cAMP content to exert its antipyretic, nonetheless reducing the chemotaxis (fMLP) CD11b + and CD18 + may be the main mechanism of its antiinflammatory effect. Andrographolide has antagonistic effects on Hong Kong virus (HKV), Ebola virus (EBOV), and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and has been shown to inhibit HIV, SARS, and viral myocarditis ST2 in?vitro
    Andrographolide can also ameliorate myocardial ischemia and serve as protection from ischemia-reperfusion injury. It also has protection effect of vascular endothelial cells as well as can regulate lipid disorder, lower blood pressure, and exert effect of anti-atherosclerosis. It can also prevent angiogenesis after restenosis and improve blood rheology. Its mechanisms are mainly due to its free radical scavenging and antiplatelet aggregation properties. Andrographolide can increase the bile flow, bile salt, bile acid, and deoxycholic acid in experimental rats and guinea pigs and can reverse the reduction of bile and cholic acid and other secretions caused by paracetamol and improve liver function .
  • Clinical Use This product is commonly used clinically for dysentery, leptospirosis, meningitis, pneumonia, upper respiratory tract infection, and enhancing adrenal cortical function. In view of the requirement for clinical viral infection emergency, it is important to introduce the hydrophilic group in different lactone structure, enhance its water solubility, and improve efficacy. There are a variety kinds of andrographolide injection, including potassium dehydroandrograpolide succinate needle, potassium sodium dehydroandrographolide succinate needle. Lianbizhi is the representative of this class of drugs in current clinical application. Oral administration of andrographolide may induce bitter vomiting. Oral administration of this product and other preparations in large doses can cause epigastric discomfort and loss of appetite. It had been reported of drug eruption, upper abdominal pain, and anaphylactic shock caused by intramuscular injection. Severe symptom response emerged such as chest tightness, shortness of breath, pallor, lip bruising, cold sweats, weak pulse, decreased blood pressure, etc. Light reactions include abdominal pain, vomiting, asthma, urticaria, pimples, dizziness, head swelling, sneezing, chest pain, etc. The reaction is real time and also 5–20?min after injection and gradually improves 5–45?min after rescue and individual recovered by 24?h. There are also reports of acute amniotic fluid blockage caused by weaning lotion exchange. In addition, taking into account the adverse effects of andrographolide on reproduction, it is recommended to be used cautiously by fertility couples and pregnant women.
  • Anticancer Research It is a labdane diterpenoid, which shows cytotoxic effect against different cancercell lines like human epidermoid cancer cells (KB), lymphocytic leukemia cells(P388), breast cancer cells (MCF-7), and colon cancer cells (HCT-116). It inhibitsthe proliferation of colon cancer cells (HT-29) and exerts pro-differentiative effecton mouse myeloid leukemia M1 cell line (Desai et al. 2008).
Andrographolide Preparation Products And Raw materials
Raw materials
Preparation Products
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