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(4R,5S)-(+)-4-METHYL-5-PHENYL-2-OXAZOLIDINONE Basic information
(4R,5S)-(+)-4-METHYL-5-PHENYL-2-OXAZOLIDINONE Chemical Properties
  • Melting point:121-123 °C(lit.)
  • Boiling point:309.12°C (rough estimate)
  • Density 1.1607 (rough estimate)
  • refractive index 1.5168 (estimate)
  • storage temp. Sealed in dry,Room Temperature
  • form Liquid
  • pka12.35±0.60(Predicted)
  • color Clear colorless to yellow-brown, may darken in storage
  • optical activity[α]18/D +168°, c = 2 in chloroform
  • BRN 1211705
  • CAS DataBase Reference77943-39-6(CAS DataBase Reference)
Safety Information
  • Hazard Codes N
  • Safety Statements 22-24/25
  • WGK Germany 3
  • HS Code 29349990
(4R,5S)-(+)-4-METHYL-5-PHENYL-2-OXAZOLIDINONE Usage And Synthesis
  • Chemical Propertieswhite to light yellow crystal powde
  • Uses(4R,5S)-4-Methyl-5-phenyloxazolidinone is used as effective chiral auxiliary for conjugate addition asymmetric synthesis of (-)-aplysillamide B.
  • PreparationTo a solution of (1S,2R)-norephedrine (40 g, 0.26 mol) in toluene (400 mL) was added diethyl carbonate (37 mL, 0.32 mol). The mixture was heated to reflux (under Ar) while 40 mL of solvent was removed through the use of a Dean–Stark apparatus. The mixture was allowed to cool for 20 min, and then sodium methoxide (1 g) was added. Upon reheating, an EtOH/toluene azeotropic mixture was removed at 75–77 °C. After 3 h, the reaction was complete and the temperature of the mixture had increased to 125 °C. The mixture was left to stand at room temperature for 16 h, whereupon (4R,5S)-4-methyl-5-phenyloxazolidin-2-one (40.6 g) crystallized and could be collected. The solvent was removed from the filtrate in vacuo and the residue was redissolved in EtOAc (250 mL). This solution was washed with brine (50 mL) and a precipitate was removed by filtration. The solvent was then removed in vacuo and toluene (50 mL) was added to the residue. Removal of the toluene by distillation yielded oily crystals of the oxazolidinone, which were washed with Et2O to afford 4.5 g (total 45 g, 97%).
  • PreparationA mechanically stirred mixture of (1S,2R)-norephedrine 710 (151 g, 1.00 mol) ([α]589 =+ 33.4 (c= 7, water)), as the hydrochloride salt, diphenyl carbonate (236 g, 1.10 mol), and anhydrous potassium carbonate (152 g, 1.10 mol) was heated at 110 °C for 4–6 h. The resultant mixture was then cooled to <60 °C. Excess diphenyl carbonate was hydrolyzed by adding methanol (600 mL) and heating the mixture under reflux for 0.5 h. Sufficient water (400–600 mL) was then added to dissolve the potassium carbonate. Methanol was removed in vacuo. The product and phenol were extracted into dichloromethane (3 × 1 L). The combined extracts were washed with 2 m aqueous sodium hydroxide (3 × 1 L) to remove the phenol, 1 m aqueous hydrochloric acid (1 × 1 L), and brine, dried over anhydrous magnesium sulfate, and concentrated in vacuo to give 195 g (110% mass balance) of a light-yellow solid. Recrystallization from toluene (600 mL) afforded 145–165 g (82–93%) of oxazolidinone 711 as a white crystalline solid.
    the preparation of (4R,5S)-4-Methyl-5-phenyl-2-oxazolidinone
  • Synthesis Reference(s)Tetrahedron Letters, 40, p. 6059, 1999 DOI: 10.1016/S0040-4039(99)01256-3
(4R,5S)-(+)-4-METHYL-5-PHENYL-2-OXAZOLIDINONE(77943-39-6)Related Product Information
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