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Holo-transferrin is the transferrin of the holo iron. It is a kind of iron-binding blood plasmaglycoproteins that is capable of regulating the level of free iron (Fe) in biological fluids. It is responsible for iron transportation in vertebrate serum and donating irons to cells through interaction with the CD71 membrane receptor. Transferrin is crucial for proliferating cells as a growth factor to initiate and maintain the DNA synthesis. It can also act as a cytokine. It is mainly synthesized in liver inside the human body. It is responsible to deliver iron from duodenum and white blood cells macrophages to all the other tissues, and is a key protein to maintain in vivo iron homeostasis. Increased plasma transferrin level is related to diseases such as iron deficiency anemia while decrease plasma transferrin is related to iron overload diseases and protein malnutrition.
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