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ChemicalBook > CAS DataBase List > Ethyl formate

Ethyl formate

  • $16 - $2200
  • Product name:Ethyl formate
  • CAS:109-94-4
  • MF: C3H6O2
  • MW:74.08
  • EINECS:203-721-0
  • MDL Number:MFCD00003294
  • Synonyms:FEMA 2434;FORMIC ACID ETHYL ESTER;FORMIC ETHER;ETHYL METHANOATE;ETHYL FORMATE;Aethylformiat;Areginal;Ethyl ester of formic acid
Price
  • Brand:Sigma-Aldrich
  • Product number:W243434
  • Product nameEthyl formate
  • Purity:natural, ≥95%, FG
  • Packaging:100g-k
  • Price:$111
  • Updated:2020/8/18 13:37:41
  • Buy:Buy
  • Brand:Sigma-Aldrich
  • Product number:W243434
  • Product nameEthyl formate
  • Purity:natural, ≥95%, FG
  • Packaging:100 g
  • Price:$115
  • Updated:2021/3/22 19:32:59
  • Buy:Buy
  • Brand:TCI Chemical
  • Product number:F0053
  • Product nameEthyl Formate
  • Purity:>98.0%(GC)
  • Packaging:25mL
  • Price:$16
  • Updated:2021/3/22 18:33:11
  • Buy:Buy
  • Brand:TCI Chemical
  • Product number:F0053
  • Product nameEthyl Formate
  • Purity:>98.0%(GC)
  • Packaging:500mL
  • Price:$36
  • Updated:2021/3/22 18:33:10
  • Buy:Buy
  • Brand:TCI Chemical
  • Product number:F0085
  • Product nameEthyl Formate [for Spectrophotometry]
  • Purity:>98.0%(GC)
  • Packaging:100mL
  • Price:$100
  • Updated:2021/3/22 18:33:11
  • Buy:Buy
Properties
  • Melting point:-80 °C (lit.)
  • Boiling point:52-54 °C (lit.)
  • Density 0.921 g/mL at 20 °C (lit.)
  • vapor density 2.5 (vs air)
  • vapor pressure 15.16 psi ( 55 °C)
  • refractive index n20/D 1.359(lit.)
  • FEMA 2434 | ETHYL FORMATE
  • Flash point:7 °F
  • storage temp. 2-8°C
  • solubility Miscible with alcohol, benzene, and ether (Hawley, 1981)
  • form Liquid
  • color Clear
  • OdorCharacteristic; pleasant aromatic.
  • explosive limit16%
  • Odor Threshold2.7ppm
  • Water Solubility 11 g/100 mL (18 ºC)
  • Sensitive Moisture Sensitive
  • Merck 14,3807
  • JECFA Number26
  • BRN 906769
  • Henry's Law Constant0.097(x 10-3 atm?m3/mol) at 5.00 °C, 0.13 at 10.00 °C, 0.17 at 15.00 °C, 0.23 at 20.00 °C, 0.29 at 25.00 °C (column stripping-UV, Kutsuna et al., 2005)
  • Exposure limitsTLV-TWA 100 ppm (~300 mg/m3) (ACGIH, MSHA, and OSHA); IDLH 8000 ppm (NIOSH).
  • Stability:Stable. Extremely flammable. May form explosive mixtures with air. Note low flash point and wide explosive limits. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, strong bases, strong acids, nitrates.
  • InChIKeyWBJINCZRORDGAQ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
  • CAS DataBase Reference109-94-4(CAS DataBase Reference)
  • NIST Chemistry ReferenceFormic acid, ethyl ester(109-94-4)
  • EPA Substance Registry SystemEthyl formate (109-94-4)
Safety Information
  • Symbol(GHS)
  • Signal wordDanger
  • Hazard statements
  • H225:Highly Flammable liquid and vapour
  • H302:Harmful if swallowed
  • H319:Causes serious eye irritation
  • H332:Harmful if inhaled
  • H335:May cause respiratory irritation
  • Precautionary statements
  • P210:Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. — No smoking.
  • P243:Take precautionary measures against static discharge.
  • P261:Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
  • P262:Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing.
  • P305+P351+P338:IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continuerinsing.
  • P370+P378:In case of fire: Use … for extinction.
  • P403:Store in a well-ventilated place.
  • P403+P235:Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.

Description

Ethyl formate is used as a solvent for cellulose nitrate, cellulose acetate, greases and oils. It is also used as a flavor for lemonade and essences. It is involved in the fumigation of dried fruits, as an alternative to methyl bromide.


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