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タンニン酸

タンニン酸 化学構造式
1401-55-4
  • CAS番号.1401-55-4
  • 化学名:タンニン酸
  • 别名:クエルタニル;タナフェンP500;F-タンニン;ウエイブル;ビタニルB;タナル1;ブリュウタン;タンニン酸X;ガロタンニン酸;ブレウタン;タンニン酸KT;ビタニルIM;ボンドタイト645;タンニン酸;タンニン;タネックスRS93;ハイフィックスSLA;フロクタン1;コラタンGT100;ハイフィックスSL
  • 英語化学名:Tannic acid
  • 英語别名:tannic;Brewtan;Tannins;sweetgum;Vitanil B;Taic acid;Glycerite;Quebracho;Brewtan SI;acid,tannic
  • CBNumber:CB3116328
  • Molecular Formula:C76H52O46
  • Formula Weight:1701.2
  • MOL File:1401-55-4.mol
タンニン酸 物理性質
  • 融点  :218 °C (lit.)
  • 沸点  :862.78°C (rough estimate)
  • 比重(密度)  :1.2965 (rough estimate)
  • 屈折率  :1.7040 (estimate)
  • FEMA  :3042 | TANNIC ACID (QUERCUS SPP.)
  • 闪点  :198°C
  • 貯蔵温度  :Storage temperature: no restrictions.
  • 溶解性 :ethanol: soluble100mg/mL, yellow to brown
  • 外見  :Powder/Solid
  • 色 :Yellow to light brown
  • PH :3.5 (100g/l, H2O, 20°C)
  • 水溶解度  :250 g/L (20 ºC)
  • Sensitive  :Air & Light Sensitive
  • Merck  :14,9052
  • BRN  :8186396
  • 安定性: :Stable. Incompatible with metallic salts, strong oxidizing agents, iron and other heavy metals.
  • InChIKey :LRBQNJMCXXYXIU-PPKXGCFTSA-N
  • IARC :3 (Vol. 10, Sup 7) 1987
  • EPAの化学物質情報 :Tannic acid (1401-55-4)
安全性情報
タンニン酸 価格 もっと(50)
  • メーカー: 富士フイルム和光純薬株式会社(wako)
  • 製品番号: W01ALF036410
  • 製品説明 : 
  • 純度: Tannic acid, ACS
  • 包装: 100g
  • 価格: ¥10700
  • 更新時間: 2021/03/23
  • 購入: 購入
  • メーカー: 富士フイルム和光純薬株式会社(wako)
  • 製品番号: W01ALF036410
  • 製品説明 : 
  • 純度: Tannic acid, ACS
  • 包装: 500g
  • 価格: ¥35800
  • 更新時間: 2021/03/23
  • 購入: 購入
  • メーカー: 関東化学株式会社(KANTO)
  • 製品番号: 20242-2A
  • 製品説明 : タンニン酸
  • 純度: Tannic acid
  • 包装: 5g
  • 価格: ¥7800
  • 更新時間: 2021/03/23
  • 購入: 購入
  • メーカー: 関東化学株式会社(KANTO)
  • 製品番号: 20242-1A
  • 製品説明 : タンニン酸
  • 純度: Tannic acid
  • 包装: 1kg
  • 価格: ¥17900
  • 更新時間: 2021/03/23
  • 購入: 購入
  • メーカー: Sigma-Aldrich Japan
  • 製品番号: W304204
  • 製品説明 : 
  • 純度: Tannic acid
  • 包装: 1 kg
  • 価格: ¥22100
  • 更新時間: 2021/03/23
  • 購入: 購入

タンニン酸 MSDS


Glycerite

Tannic acid 化学特性,用途語,生産方法

  • 外観 白色〜うすい褐色, 粉末
  • 定義 本品は、有機酸の混合物であり、主として次の化学式で表される化合物からなる。
  • 溶解性 水、エタノール及びアセトンに極めて溶けやすく、エーテル及びクロロホルムにほとんど溶けない。水に易溶。エタノールに可溶。エーテルに不溶。
  • 解説 広義のタンニン酸と同義語である.ガロタンニンともいう.ブナ科ナラなどの樹皮,ウルシ科植物ウルシなどの葉,熱帯産植物カリロクの果実など,植物界に広く分布し,多数のフェノール性ヒドロキシ基をもつ,構造の複雑な芳香族化合物の総称.構造的には,フラバノール骨格が重合した縮合型タンニンと,没食子酸やエラグ酸などフェノール性カルボン酸が糖とエステル結合した可溶性タンニンとに大別される.淡黄色または淡褐色の不定形粉末で,わずかに特有の臭いと収れん性の味をもつ.空気中で光によりしだいに暗色にかわる.アルブミン,デンプン,ゼラチン,多くのアルカロイドおよび金属塩と沈殿をつくり,鉄塩により青黒色を呈する.水に易溶,アルコール類,アセトンに可溶,ベンゼン,エーテル,クロロホルムなどに不溶.媒染剤,皮なめし,インキ,印刷,写真用に用いられる.
    森北出版「化学辞典(第2版)
  • 用途 インキ製造、印刷・写真、医薬原料
  • 化粧品の成分用途 パーマネント.ウェーブ用還元剤、収れん剤、酸化防止剤、香料
  • 効能 収斂薬
  • 説明 Tannic acid is a naturally occurring plant polyphenol and can be found in practically all aerial plant tissues. Tannic acid was historically used for the treatment of diarrhea, topically to dress skin burns and rectally for treatment of unspecified rectal disorders. Pharmaceutical use of tannic acid is discontinued due to safer and better alternatives.
    An unusually high incidence of esophageal cancer has been noted in areas of South Africa, where a sorghum rich in tannins is consumed. A positive relation has been observed between the tannin content of the sorghum and the incidence of esophageal cancer.
  • 化学的特性 Quebracho, an evergreen tree 15 to 18 m (49 to 59 ft) tall, grows abundantly throughout South America (Argentina, in particular). The Argentine variety is characterized by its bright-red bark, rich in tannin, used for dyeing. The part used is the bark (from either the trunk or branches). Quebracho is tonic, aromatic.
  • 化学的特性 Tannic acid or hydrolysable gallotannin is a complex polyphenolic organic structure that yields gallic acid and either glucose or quinic acid as hydrolysis products. Tannic acid is odorless or has a faint, characteristic odor and an astringent taste.
  • 化学的特性 Tannic acid, C14H10O9, also known as digallic acid, tannin, and gallotannin, is a yellowish powder that decomposes at 210°C (410°F). Tannic acid is derived from nutgalls. It is soluble in water and alcohol,and is insoluble in acetone and ether. Tannic acid is used in tanning,textiles, and as an alcohol denaturant. An amorphous form of tannic acid, also known as pentadigalloylglucose, exists with the formula C76H52O46. It is a yellowish to brownish powder that is very soluble in alcohol and ether.It also decomposes between 210 and 215°C (410 and 419 °F). This form is used to clarify wine or beer, as a reagent,and as a mordant in dyeing.
  • 天然物の起源 Reported found in Quercus oliver and related species; Tara (Caesalpinia spinosa); and various sumac species, including Rhus semialata, R. coriaria, R. glabra and R. typhia.
  • 使用 Clarifying agent; pH control
  • 使用 nonspecific enzyme/receptor blocker
  • 使用 Tannic Acid is a sequestrant that refers to a mixture of hydrolyzable tannins of a more complex structure than gallic acid. it is used in clarifying beer and wine. see tannins.
  • 使用 Tannic acids are phenolic compounds that have several hydrolyzable groups. They are classified as (a) hydrolyzable, yielding phenols such as gallic acid in the presence of acid and heat; and (b) condensed, obtained from the extract of oak trees and not hydrolyzable. Tannic acids are used for taste and chemical properties and as a sequestrant. They affect the color and flavor of fruits and vegetables. They are used in fruits, wine, and beer to remove undesirable material by forming insoluble complexes with the proteins.
  • 使用 Tannic acid is a powder extracted from gall nuts that is soluble in water but less so in alcohol. Tannic acid was used by Major Russell in the mid-1850s for the tannin process of preparing dry collodion plates. The collodion plate was coated and sensitized as usual but the excess silver was then washed completely from the surface. A solution of tannic acid was then poured on and off the plate and the collodion film allowed to dry completely in the dark. The tannin plate could be preserved for months prior to exposure. The exposed plate was developed in pyrogallic acid, citric acid, and silver nitrate to replace that which was washed off during the initial preparation. The exposures required for tannin plates were as much as five times longer than wet collodion plates, which made them suitable only for landscape work.
  • 定義 tannic acid: A yellowish complexorganic compound present in certainplants. It is used in dyeing as a mordant.
  • 定義 ChEBI: A gallotannin obtained by acylation of the five hydroxy groups of D-glucose by 3,4-dihydroxy-5-[(3,4,5-trihydroxybenzoyl)oxy]benzoic acid (a gallic acid dimer).
  • 製造方法 Tannic acid is obtained by solvent extraction from the nutgalls or the excrescences that form on the young twigs of Quercus olivier and allied species of Quercus L.; from the seed pods of Tara (Caesalpinia spinosa); or from the nutgalls of various sumac species, including Rhus semialata, R. coriaria, R. glabra and R. typhia.
  • Composition Main constituents include three crystalline alkaloids—aspidospermine, quebrachine and quebrachamine (chemically identical to yohimbine)—responsible for the tonic and antispasmodic physiological action. A. quebrachoblanco bark contains 0.3 to 1.5% alkaloids (aspidospermine 30%, quebrachine 10%, deacetylaspidospermine 5%, aspidospermatidine 3%, 1-methylaspidospermatidine 0.5%, quebrachimine and quebrachit). Leaves contain rhazinilam (lactam).
  • 一般的な説明 Light yellow to tan solid with a faint odor. Sinks and mixes with water.
  • 空気と水の反応 Water soluble. Gradually darkens on exposure to air and/or light
  • 反応プロフィール Glycerite decomposes at 210° to carbon dioxide and pyrogallol, which can form irritating vapors [USCG, 1999]. Incompatible with salts of heavy metals, alkaloids, gelatin, albumin, starch, oxidizing substances-e.g., permanganates, chlorates; lime water [Merck].
  • 危険性 Toxic by ingestion and inhalation. Questionable carcinogen.
  • 健康ハザード Inhalation causes irritation of nose and throat, coughing, and sneezing. Ingestion may cause gastric disturbance. Contact with eyes causes irritation.
  • 火災危険 Special Hazards of Combustion Products: Decomposes at 210° to carbon dioxide and pyrogallol, which can form irritating vapors.
  • 工業用途 Quebracho is the most common tannic acid derivative widely used in flotation. The main phenolic nuclei present in Quebracho are resorcinol/phloroglucinol and catechol/pyrogallol.
    Quebracho is commercially available in the following three forms: (a) standard Quebracho, a direct hot-water extract from the heart-wood with adjusted pH (Qu–O), (b) sulfited Quebracho, in which sulfonic acid groups have been introduced (Qu–S) and (c) aminated Quebracho (Qu–A), where amine groups are introduced to ordinary Quebracho, rendering the polymer amphoteric (iso-electric point at pH 7). Each of these types of Quebracho has a different depressing effect.
  • 抗がん研究 Tannins, an astringent organic compound, are toxic to many microorganisms due toinhibition of oxidative phosphorylation (Scalbert 1991). It is responsible for thepuckering feeling in the human mouth following the consumption of unripe fruits ortea (Vidal et al. 2004). Pomegranates (Punica granatum) have been widely studiedfor their potent antioxidants, which include ellegitannin, elegiac acid, and punicalagin,which are commonly known for their anti-proliferative and apoptotic effects oncolon cancer cell lines (Seeram et al. 2005). Herbs such as cloves (Syzygium aromaticum)can also play important role in preventing and treating some cancers.Cervical, breast, prostate, and oesophageal cancer cells were killed within 24 h afterthe application of clove oil (Dwivedi et al. 2011). It was also found effective in treatinglung cancer by means of in situ cell proliferation (Banerjee et al. 2006). Tarragon(Artemisia dracunculus) extract is indicated as cytotoxic to breast cancer thoughregulation of certain proteins that induce apoptosis (Obolskiy et al. 2011). Tarragonalso contains potent compounds such as sakuranetin and 6-methoxycapilliarisin thatappear to have anticancer effects on oesophageal cancer by inducing DNA damagein the cancerous cells (Hong and Ying 2015). Cumin (Cuminum cyminum) has beenused since ancient times, and some studies have shown it to have a cytotoxic effectto colorectal cancer cell lines (Prakash and Gupta 2014; Al-Snafi 2016). Thyme(Thymus vulgaris) essential oil has been claimed to demonstrate cytotoxic activity on head and neck squamous cell carcinomas by interrupting reproduction at the transcriptionallevel of cancer cells, with effects such as interfering in N-glycan biosynthesisand extracellular signal-regulated kinase 5 signalling (Sertel et al. 2011).Cinnamon (Cinnamomum sp.) is most commonly known as culinary spice, yet it isalso used for its medicinal properties in treating gastrointestinal sickness. Cinnamonbark extract was evaluated for anticancer ability, and it was found to induce apoptosisin HepG2 cells (liver cancer cells) after 24 h at certain dosages (Varalakshmiet al. 2014). An extract of cinnamon, 2′-hydroxycinnamaldehyde, shows severalantitumour effects on oral cancer cell lines; this is demonstrated by anti-proliferativeactivity of apoptotic cells and inhibition of tumour mass growth (Kim et al. 2010).
  • 安全性プロファイル Poison by intravenous and intraperitoneal routes. Questionable carcinogen with experimental tumorigenic data. When heated to decomposition it emits acrid smoke and irritating fumes.
  • 環境運命予測 Tannins and tannic acid occur naturally in plants. Essentially all wood and plant tissue contain tannins. Therefore, biodegradation is expected to be the major environmental fate process for tannic acid.
  • Toxicity evaluation Tannic acid causes centrilobular liver necrosis following absorption from gastrointestinal tract, mucus membranes, or denuded skin surfaces. Liver metabolism of tannic acid requires methyl-group donors. Therefore, methyl-group donors can be depleted following excessive tannic acid absorption.
タンニン酸 上流と下流の製品情報
原材料
準備製品
タンニン酸 生産企業
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1401-55-4, タンニン酸 キーワード:
  • 1401-55-4
  • abcolsumack19
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  • TANNIC ACID ALSOK NF/USP/FCC
  • TANNIC ACID BIOGRADE II
  • TANNIC ACID BREWTAN
  • TANNIC ACID BREWTAN AB
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  • TANNIC ACID FLOCTAN 3 G
  • TANNIC ACID FLOCTAN 3 SP
  • TANNIC ACID TANAL B
  • クエルタニル
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  • ウエイブル
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  • タナル1
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  • タンニン酸X
  • ガロタンニン酸
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  • タンニン酸KT
  • ビタニルIM
  • ボンドタイト645
  • タンニン酸
  • タンニン
  • タネックスRS93
  • ハイフィックスSLA
  • フロクタン1
  • コラタンGT100
  • ハイフィックスSL
  • カキタフ
  • フロクタン3
  • サンライフTN
  • ボンドタイト345
  • テクスタン3
  • レックスソドP
  • タンニン酸AL
  • アルボールロック20
  • タンニン酸 (AS)
  • タンニン(タンニン酸)
  • タンニン酸, ACS
  • タンニン酸 (JP17)