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アカシア(アラビアゴム)

アカシア(アラビアゴム) 化学構造式
9000-01-5
  • CAS番号.9000-01-5
  • 化学名:アカシア(アラビアゴム)
  • 别名:アラビアゴム;アラビアガム;アカシア;アラビアゴム末;アカシア(アラビアゴム),粉末;アラビアゴム,粉末;アカシア(粉末);アラビアゴム(粉末);アラビアゴム.粉末;アラビアゴム アカシア樹木由来;アカシア( アラビアゴム) , 粉末;アラビアゴム , 粉末;アカシア, Total ash <4%;アカシア(アラビアゴム)
  • 英語化学名:Arabic gum
  • 英語别名:ACACIA;ARABIC;Arabic g;gumdragon;wattlegum;Acacia NF;FEMA 2001;senegalgum;nci-c50748;gumsenegal
  • CBNumber:CB1735918
  • Molecular Formula:N/A
  • Formula Weight:0
  • MOL File:Mol file
アカシア(アラビアゴム) 物理性質
  • 比重(密度)  :1.35
  • FEMA  :2001 | ACACIA GUM (ACACIA SENEGAL (L.) WILLD.)
  • 貯蔵温度  :Sealed in dry,Room Temperature
  • 溶解性 :water: soluble
  • 外見  :fine powder
  • 色 :White to yellow-beige
  • 比重 :1.35-1.49
  • 酸塩基指示薬変色域(pH) :4.1 - 4.8
  • 水溶解度  :Water soluble. Aqueous solution is acidic to litmus.
  • Merck  :14,14
  • 安定性: :Stable. Incompatible with alcohols, oxidizing agents.
  • CAS データベース :9000-01-5
  • EPAの化学物質情報 :Gum arabic (9000-01-5)
安全性情報
危険有害性情報のコード(GHS)
  • 絵表示(GHS)
  • 注意喚起語
  • 危険有害性情報
  • H315:皮膚刺激
  • H319:強い眼刺激
  • H335:呼吸器への刺激のおそれ
  • 注意書き
  • P261:粉じん/煙/ガス/ミスト/蒸気/スプレーの吸入を避ける こと。
  • P304+P340:吸入した場合:空気の新鮮な場所に移し、呼吸しやすい 姿勢で休息させること。
  • P305+P351+P338:眼に入った場合:水で数分間注意深く洗うこと。次にコ ンタクトレンズを着用していて容易に外せる場合は外す こと。その後も洗浄を続けること。
  • P405:施錠して保管すること。
アカシア(アラビアゴム) 価格 もっと(21)
  • メーカー: 富士フイルム和光純薬株式会社(wako)
  • 製品番号: W01ALF036499
  • 製品説明 : 
  • 純度: Acacia, Total ash <4%
  • 包装: 500g
  • 価格: ¥19700
  • 更新時間: 2021/03/23
  • 購入: 購入
  • メーカー: 富士フイルム和光純薬株式会社(wako)
  • 製品番号: W01ALF036499
  • 製品説明 : 
  • 純度: Acacia, Total ash <4%
  • 包装: 2kg
  • 価格: ¥78100
  • 更新時間: 2021/03/23
  • 購入: 購入
  • メーカー: 関東化学株式会社(KANTO)
  • 製品番号: 25885-1A
  • 製品説明 : アラビアゴム末
  • 純度: Gum arabic, powder
  • 包装: 1kg
  • 価格: ¥12400
  • 更新時間: 2021/03/23
  • 購入: 購入
  • メーカー: 関東化学株式会社(KANTO)
  • 製品番号: 17060-01
  • 製品説明 : アラビアゴム末
  • 純度: Gum arabic, powder
  • 包装: 500g
  • 価格: ¥5100
  • 更新時間: 2021/03/23
  • 購入: 購入
  • メーカー: Sigma-Aldrich Japan
  • 製品番号: 30888
  • 製品説明 : アラビアゴム アカシア樹木由来
  • 純度: Gum arabic from acacia treespray dried, tested according to Ph.Eur.
  • 包装: 1kg
  • 価格: ¥67600
  • 更新時間: 2021/03/23
  • 購入: 購入

アカシア(アラビアゴム) MSDS


Arabic gum

Arabic gum 化学特性,用途語,生産方法

  • 外観 白色~わずかにうすい褐色, 粉末
  • 定義 本品は、Acacia senegal から得られる樹脂である。
  • 溶解性 水に溶け、エタノール(95)にほとんど溶けない。
  • 解説 アフリカ産のマメ科Acacia senegal,またはその同属植物の枝幹から得た分泌物の乾燥品.往時,アラビアを経て輸出されたのでその名がある.無色ないし淡黄褐色の透明または多少乳濁した球状塊あるいは破片で,砕面はガラス状で光沢があり堅い.主成分はアラビン酸79~81% で,Ca,MgおよびK塩として存在する.アラビン酸はL-アラビノース.D-ガラクトース,L-ラムノースおよびD-グルクロン酸からなる.加水分解酵素および酸化酵素が含まれている.水溶性であり粘滑剤として胃腸カタルなどに対する医療用として用いられるほか,錠剤などの結合剤,乳化剤,あるいは糊料,接着剤などとしても用いられる.[CAS 9000-01-5]
    森北出版「化学辞典(第2版)
  • 用途 比色分析におけるコロイドの保護、増粘剤、乳化剤、分散剤。
  • 化粧品の成分用途 香料、粘着剤
  • 説明 Acacia gum is an odourless white to yellow-white powder. It is soluble in water and incompatible with alcohol and oxidising agents and precipitates. It gels on addition of solutions of ferric salts, borax, lead subacetate, alcohol, sodium silicate, gelatin, and ammoniated tincture of guaiac. It is non-toxic and non-hazardous. It is a water-soluble gum from several species of the acacia tree, especially Acacia senegal and A. arabica, and used in the manufacture of adhesives and ink and as a binding medium for marbling colours. Gum arabic is also known as gum acacia and is a natural gum made of hardened sap taken from two species of the Acacia tree – Acacia senegal and Acacia seyal. Gum arabic is a natural product of the Acacia senegal tree, occurring as an exudate from the trunks and branches. It is used primarily in the food industry as a stabiliser but has had more varied uses. It is normally collected by hand when dried, when it resembles a hard, amber-like resin normally referred to as ‘tears’. Gum arabic is widely used in the food industry as an emulsifier, thickener, and flavouring and thickening agent. It is employed as a soothing agent in inflammatory conditions of the respiratory, digestive, and urinary tracts and is useful in diarrhoea and dysentery. It exerts a soothing influence upon all the surfaces with which it comes in contact. Gum acacia is an ingredient of all the official Trochisci and various syrups, pastes, and pastilles or jujubes. During the time of the gum harvest, the Moors of the desert are said to live almost entirely on it, and it has been proved that 6 oz. is sufficient to support an adult for 24 h. Gum acacia is highly nutritious, is a mixture of saccharides and glycoproteins, and provides the properties of a glue and binder suitable for human edibility. In many cases of disease, it is considered that a solution of gum arabic may for a time constitute the exclusive drink and food of the patient. Gum arabic reduces the surface tension of liquids, which leads to increased fizzing in carbonated drinks.
  • 化学的特性 Acacia gum is a white to yellow-white odorless powder. It is soluble in water and incom- patible with alcohol, oxidizing agents, and precipitates or forms jellies on addition of solutions of ferric salts, borax, lead subacetate, alcohol, sodium silicate, gelatin, ammoni- ated tincture of guaiac. It is non-toxic and non-hazardous. A water-soluble gum from several species of the acacia tree, especially Acacia senegal and A. Arabica , it is used in the manufacture of adhesives and ink, and as a binding medium for marbling colors. Gum arabic, also known as gum acacia, chaar gund, or char goond, is a natural gum made of hardened sap taken from two species of the acacia tree— A. senegal and A. seyal . Gum arabic is a natural product of the A. senegal tree, occurring as an exudate from the trunks and branches. It is used primarily in the food industry as a stabilizer, but has had more varied uses. It is normally collected by hand when dried, when it resembles a hard, amber-like resin normally referred to as “tears.” Gum arabic is widely used in the food industry, as an emulsifi er, thickener, and fl avor enhancer. It is employed as a soothing agent in infl ammatory conditions of the respiratory, digestive, and urinary tract, and is useful in diarrhea and dysentery. It exerts a soothing infl uence on all the surfaces with which it comes in contact. Gum acacia is an ingredient of all the offi cial Trochisci, and various syrups, pastes, and pastilles or jujubes. During the time of the gum harvest, the Moors of the desert are said to live almost entirely on it, and it has been proved that 6 oz is suffi cient to support an adult for 24 h. Gum acacia is a mixture of saccharides and glycoproteins, is highly nutritious, and provides the properties of a glue, and a binder suitable for human consumption. In many cases of disease, it is considered that a solu- tion of gum arabic may, for a time,constitute the exclusive drink and food of the patient. Gum arabic reduces the surface tension of liquids, which leads to increased fi zzing in carbonated drinks.
  • 化学的特性 white to yellow-white powder
  • 化学的特性 Acacia is available as white or yellowish-white thin flakes, spheroidal tears, granules, powder, or spray-dried powder. It is odorless and has a bland taste.
  • 化学的特性 Arabic.or.acacia.gum.is.the.dried.exudate.obtained.from.the.stems.and.branches.of.Acacia senegal (L.).Willd.or.of. related.species.of.Acacia..Injured.trees.exude.gum.Arabic;.heat,.poor.nutrition.and.drought.stimulate.its.production..Most.of.the.gum. Arabic.production.is.from.wild.trees,.but.some.from.privately.owned.and.cultivated.gardens.are.tapped.and.collected.on.a.systematic. basis.
    The.gum.called.Hashab.geneina.(garden.gum).is.the.cleanest.and.lightest.grade.and.is.most.preferred.for.the.U.S..market..The.wild. gum.(called.Hashab.wady).is.collected.on.a.part-time.basis.in.the.dry.season,.from.October.to.May.or.June,.by.natives.whose.main. occupation.is.usually.farming..After.gathering,.it.is.taken.to.central.collecting.stations.where.it.is.auctioned.under.government.supervision,.graded.by.hand.and.dried.before.exporting.to.gum.suppliers.in.all.parts.of.the.world..Then.it.is.resorted,.ground,.processed. and.graded.to.various.specifications
    Clear,.white.(sun-bleached).spheroidal.tears,.up.to.32.mm.in.diameter,.also.occur.as.flakes..Chemically,.gum.Arabic.is.a.neutral.or. slightly.acid.salt.of.a.complex.polysaccharide.containing.calcium,.magnesium.and.potassium.cations..Its.most.distinguishing.property.among.the.natural.gums.is.its.extreme.solubility.in.water..Solutions.of.over.50%.concentration.may.be.prepared..Gum.Arabic. is.best.described.as.“heteropolymolecular,”.that.is,.a.polymer.system.having.either.a.variation.in.monomer.(galactose,.arabinose,. rhamnose,.glucuronic.acid.and.4-O-methylgucuronic.acid).composition.and/or.variation.in.the.mode.of.linking.and.branching.of.the. monomer.units,.in.addition.to.a.distribution.in.molecular.weight.
    Major.uses.of.gum.Arabic.in.foods.are.as.a.fixative.for.flavors,.a.foam.stabilizer.in.beverages,.an.adhesive.for.icings.and.toppings,. and.an.emulsifier.and.stabilizer.in.confectionary.and.ice.cream.It.is.also.widely.used.in.the.pharmaceutical,.cosmetic,.paper,.textile,. paint,ink.and.lithography.industries.
  • 使用 A gum obtained from breaks or wounds in the bark of acacia trees. It dissolves in hot or cold water forming clear solutions which can be up to 50% gum acacia. The solubility in water increases with temperature. It is used in confectionary glazes to retard or prevent sugar crystallization and acts as an emulsifier to prevent fat from forming an oxidizable, greasy film. It functions as a flavor fixative in spray-drying to form a thin film around the flavor particle. It also functions as an emulsifier in flavor emulsions, as a cloud agent in beverages, and as a form stabilizer. It is also termed acacia.
  • 使用 acacia (Acacia senegal)(acacia gum; black catechu; gum acacia; gum Arabic) is commonly used in traditional remedies as a soothing and anti-inflammatory agent. It is also used as a vegetable gum for product thickening. In extract form, acacia is recommended for dry, sensitive, or delicate skin. Acacia is the dried gummy sap from the stems and branches of various species of the African acacia tree. It may cause skin rashes in cases of allergy.
  • 使用 As mucilage, excipient for tablets, size, emulsifier, thickener, also in candy, other foods; as colloidal stabilizer. In the manufacture of spray-dried "fixed" flavorsstable, powdered flavors used in packaged dry-mix products (puddings, desserts, cake mixes) where flavor stability and long shelf life are important.
  • 定義 The dried, water-soluble exudate from the stems of Acacia senegal or related species.
  • 調製方法 Acacia is the dried gummy exudate obtained from the stems and branches of Acacia senegal (Linné ) Willdenow or other related species of Acacia (Fam. Leguminosae) that grow mainly in the Sudan and Senegal regions of Africa.
    The bark of the tree is incised and the exudate allowed to dry on the bark. The dried exudate is then collected, processed to remove bark, sand, and other particulate matter, and graded. Various acacia grades differing in particle size and other physical properties are thus obtained. A spray-dried powder is also commercially available.
  • Taste threshold values Absolute;.taste.characteristics.at.15.ppm:.spicy.sweet,.fruity.and.honey.with.a.woody,.herbal.nuance
  • 一般的な説明 White powder.
  • 空気と水の反応 Water soluble. Aqueous solution is acid to litmus.
  • 反応プロフィール Arabic gum reacts with strong oxidizing agents. Arabic gum precipitates out of solution or jellies upon addition of solutions of ferric salts, borax, basic lead acetate, alcohol, sodium silicate, gelatin or ammoniated tincture of guaiac.
  • 健康ハザード Exposures to gum arabica dust produce a weak allergen reaction. Prolonged periods of dust inhalation may cause allergic respiratory reaction, headache, coughing, dizziness, dyspnea, respiratory symptoms such as asthma, watery nose and eyes, cough, wheezing, nausea, vomiting, dyspnea, and urticaria. Hives, eczema, and swelling may also occur. Ingestion and inhalation of gum acacia is considered non-toxic, but sensitive individuals may develop symptoms of mild toxicity.
  • 火災危険 Flash point data for Arabic gum are not available; however, Arabic gum is probably combustible.
  • 応用例(製薬) Acacia is mainly used in oral and topical pharmaceutical formulations as a suspending and emulsifying agent, often in combination with tragacanth. It is also used in the preparation of pastilles and lozenges, and as a tablet binder, although if used incautiously it can produce tablets with a prolonged disintegration time. Acacia has also been evaluated as a bioadhesive; and has been used in novel tablet formulations,and modified release tablets.
    Acacia is also used in cosmetics, confectionery, food products, and spray-dried flavors.
  • Biochem/physiol Actions Gum arabic (GA) is reported to be a strong anti-oxidant and has shown protection against nephrotoxicity in mice by the generation of free radicals. GA also reduced the blood glucose concentration by initiating the release of insulin from the pancreatic β cells. It has hypolipidemic effect by increasing fecal bile acid and modification of lipid digestion. It is a potential therapeutic agent in hepatic and renal failures. It contains enzymes like oxidases, pectinases and peroxidases that act against microbes that cause tooth decay. Gum arabic is implicated in adverse effects like suppression of macrophage activation.
  • 安全性プロファイル Very low toxicity by ingestion.Inhalation or ingestion has produced hives, eczema, andangiodema. Experimental reproductive effects. A severeeye irritant. A weak allergen. Mutation data reported.Combustible. When heated to decomposition it emitsacrid
  • 安全性 Acacia is used in cosmetics, foods, and oral and topical pharmaceutical formulations. Although it is generally regarded as an essentially nontoxic material, there have been a limited number of reports of hypersensitivity to acacia after inhalation or ingestion.Severe anaphylactic reactions have occurred following the parenteral administration of acacia and it is now no longer used for this purpose.
    The WHO has not set an acceptable daily intake for acacia as a food additive because the levels necessary to achieve a desired effect were not considered to represent a hazard to health.
    LD50 (hamster, oral): >18 g/kg
    LD50 (mouse, oral): >16 g/kg
    LD50 (rabbit, oral): 8.0 g/kg
    LD50 (rat, oral): >16 g/kg
  • 貯蔵 Aqueous solutions are subject to bacterial or enzymatic degradation but may be preserved by initially boiling the solution for a short time to inactivate any enzymes present; microwave irradiation can also be used. Aqueous solutions may also be preserved by the addition of an antimicrobial preservative such as 0.1% w/v benzoic acid, 0.1% w/v sodium benzoate, or a mixture of 0.17% w/v methylparaben and 0.03% propylparaben. Powdered acacia should be stored in an airtight container in a cool, dry place.
  • 不和合性 amidopyrine, apomorphine, cresol, ethanol (95%), ferric salts, morphine, phenol, physostigmine, tannins, thymol, and vanillin.
    An oxidizing enzyme present in acacia may affect preparations containing easily oxidizable substances. However, the enzyme may be inactivated by heating at 100℃ for a short time.
    Many salts reduce the viscosity of aqueous acacia solutions, while trivalent salts may initiate coagulation. Aqueous solutions carry a negative charge and will form coacervates with gelatin and other substances. In the preparation of emulsions, solutions of acacia are incompatible with soaps.
  • 規制状況(Regulatory Status) GRAS listed. Accepted for use in Europe as a food additive. Included in the FDA Inactive Ingredients Database (oral preparations and buccal or sublingual tablets). Included in the Canadian List of Acceptable Non-medicinal Ingredients. Included in nonparenteral medicines licensed in the UK.
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9000-01-5, アカシア(アラビアゴム) キーワード:
  • 9000-01-5
  • acaciadealbatagum
  • acaciasenegal
  • acaciasyrup
  • australiangum
  • gumdragon
  • gumovaline
  • gumsenegal
  • nci-c50748
  • senegalgum
  • starsolno.1
  • starsolno1
  • wattlegum
  • Acacia, Total ash <4%
  • ARABIC GUM INDUSTRIAL GRADE
  • Acacia Gum (Gum Arabic)
  • Gum Arabic (Gum Acacia)
  • Gum Arabic, powder(Acacia)
  • Acacia gum, Acaciae gummi
  • Gum arabic from acacia tree, Gum arabic
  • Acacia, Total ash <
  • Gumacabic powder
  • GuM arabic, powder 250GR
  • Acacia NF
  • Gum arabic from acacia tree Vetec(TM) reagent grade
  • Acacia gum, total ash <4%
  • Gum acacia Arabic gum
  • GUM ARABIC FROM FROM ACACIA TREE, BR
  • Acacia gum, for analysis
  • ArabMa gum powder
  • Arabia gum powder
  • アラビアゴム
  • アラビアガム
  • アカシア
  • アラビアゴム末
  • アカシア(アラビアゴム),粉末
  • アラビアゴム,粉末
  • アカシア(粉末)
  • アラビアゴム(粉末)
  • アラビアゴム.粉末
  • アラビアゴム アカシア樹木由来
  • アカシア( アラビアゴム) , 粉末
  • アラビアゴム , 粉末
  • アカシア, Total ash <4%
  • アカシア(アラビアゴム)